Retail and urban revision


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Year 11 urban and retail change revision powerpoint

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Retail and urban revision

  1. 1. Cardiff Bay Waterfront Regeneration St David’s 2 Retail DevelopmentSwansea SA1 Waterfront RegenerationSwansea Quadrant Transport andRetail RedevelopmentChanging European Cities – South WalesWhy do you think developments like these are important?
  2. 2. Fill in a table to show how the development will impact different groups of peopleLocal builderLocal taxi driverShop owner in Queen StreetShop owner in St David’sLocal ResidentShopperLocal Cleaning ServiceCouncilRepresentativeEnvironmentalistSmall out of townshop ownerReasons FOR Reasons AGAINSTNAME
  3. 3. Dublin (Ireland) : Ballymun Town Centre Regeneration
  4. 4. London :Regenerationthrough Sport
  5. 5. Edinburgh :Improving Transport,Improving City Life.
  6. 6. Rotterdam (Holland) : The Kop van Zuid ProjectA city for tomorrow – residential and commercial regeneration
  7. 7. Today you will…Identify geographical distribution of land use in CardiffCreate a sketch map to show recent changes in and around the cityExplain how different strategies have contributed to these changesAssess the success of changes in different places in and around the city
  8. 8. Before: very busy streetNow: only buses and taxis allowedWhat are the advantages of this change?Are there any disadvantages?
  9. 9. School of Creative & Cultural IndustriesWhat are the advantages of this change?Are there any disadvantages?
  10. 10. New Stadium and Retail ParkWhat are the advantages of this change?Are there any disadvantages?BeforeNow
  11. 11. Past: Industrial Site left rundown and derelict in places Present: Modern Waterfront with a wide variety ofleisure, business and residential opportunitiesWhat are the advantages of this change?Are there any disadvantages?
  12. 12. What are the advantages of this change?Are there any disadvantages?(Not as recent as other developments)
  13. 13. New Arts CentreSt Mary St pedestrianisedNew Stadium in 2000St David’sRetail DevelopmentNew University campus(Along with numerous apartmentshotels and business developments)
  14. 14. CBDPark & RideServicesNew Cardiff CityStadium andretail park Cardiff Bayregeneration
  15. 15. CBDccfcCardiffBay
  16. 16. CBDCCFCCardiffBayM4 ValleysM4 BridgendM4 NewportAn example to start.What is good about it?What is missing?Draw your own including all developments.
  17. 17. Key Questions:1. Who is responsible for planning and developing land in the UK?2. What are the key issues that planners consider when shaping adevelopment plan?3. Have these considerations been taken in the developments wehave seen around Cardiff?4. Are the plans for Cardiff Sustainable?5. What could be done in our local area?
  18. 18. Cardiff’s Local Development Plan is one of the most importantdocuments, if not the most important, that Cardiff council iscalled upon to produce. It lays the foundations which will shapeour city for a generation or more. It determines where peopleare going to live and work and how they travel between the two.More importantly, it dictates how people live, influencinglifestyles and landscapes which impact directly on jobs,educational achievement, crime and future economic prosperityas well as on issues of place, community and the environment.
  19. 19. This recent development in Cardiff took years of planningand building.• Do you think the development considers all of the issuessuggested in the book?• Which do you think would have been hard to meet?• Which do you think could be improved and how?
  20. 20. 1. Use the LDF to suggest an appropriate strategy for developing the localarea.2. Share ideas with the group - decide who’s plans meet the considerationsof LDF best.To Extend Your Work:3. Write a letter to your local government based on the best suggestionsyou have discussed, persuading them to take action on your ideas.
  21. 21. ‘’VISITORS could soon be taking a faster route to Barry Island thanks to a new £250mdevelopment.The new road will run through the centre of the Waterfront complex, providing amuch more direct link to the Island from Cardiff Road and easing pressure on thecauseway, which often becomes clogged with traffic at the height of the summerseason.The road will also give access to the planned second phase of the Waterfront development,including a new primary school, cafe quarter, park and houses.The final proposal for the link road is the result of lengthy public consultation and debate on the finalphase of the waterfront development’’Written June 2010 Source:
  22. 22. Brownfield or Greenfield?To Start…• Which of these images do you think are brownfield/greenfield sites?• What is the difference?
  23. 23. Today… Distinguish between brownfield and Greenfield sites Identify reasons for the need to develop brownfield sites Explain why waterfront developments are/have been popular around the UK Assess the impacts of a waterfront development
  24. 24. Brownfield sites are abandonedor underused industrial andcommercial facilities available forre-use.
  25. 25. Commonly undeveloped land in a city or rural area either currently used for agriculture orlandscape design or left to naturally evolve. These areas of land are usually agricultural oramenity properties being considered for urban development.Greenfield land can be unfenced open fields, urban lots or restricted closed properties kept offlimits to the general public by a private or government entities.Rather than build upon greenfield land a developer may choose to re-develop brownfield orgreyfield lands. Those are areas that have previously been developed but have been leftabandoned or underutilized.Greenfield Sites – landthat has not been builton before. Often rural /countryside areas.
  26. 26. More sustainableOften on the edge of towns andcities and may have better accessHave less congestionMore pleasant environment and havemore space and room to expandHouse prices would increase in inner cityareas as people are encouraged back tothe area. This might mean that localpeople can not afford the houses.New drainage, electricity, roads etc.would all have to be produced.New housing can lead to gentrification (oldhousing done up- area becomes more trendyand affluent) so the area will improve andthings like crime rates will improve.Easier to build on as there is a fresh startThere is an issue of contamination andmaking sites safe for development.‘Sucks’ out the core from towns as shopetc. locate on the edge oftowns/cities
  27. 27. To end:Barry Docks Waterfront development Was it Brown/Greenfield? Were there other options? Is it/will it be sustainable?
  28. 28. Barcelona
  29. 29. Population 500,000 Population 1,500,000 Population 4,000,00060km 250km 500kmRapid growth 16% homes = Olympics == pressure on transport no basic facilities opportunity for developmentBrownfield sites tackled Renewal of existing areas Crime and antisocial behaviourNew by-laws Night time disturbances Hope for reducedintroduced are a nuisance antisocial behaviour1930 1950 1970 1990 2020 (est)Barcelona Development Timeline
  30. 30. • Identify patterns of retailing.• Compare expected patterns to a local example.• Explain how changes in retailing has affecteddifferent groups of people.Patterns of Retailing
  31. 31. Use the sketch map inyour booklet, can youlocate where youwould expect theseusing the numbers onthe map?
  32. 32. What can be done to help those whohave experienced the negativeimpacts of the changes to retail?In pairs discuss and note some ideas.In groups, decide which strategieswould be most effective?
  33. 33. To Start..Discuss where you would go to buy these products.Is this where you would have got them in the past?Is this where you will get them in the future?
  34. 34. Today…•Explain the term clone town.•Identify problems associated with retail park developments.•Identify strategies to combat these problems.
  35. 35. Clone town is a global term for a town wherethe High Street or other major shopping areasare significantly dominated by Chain stores.
  36. 36. • 41 per cent of the towns surveyed were“clone towns” (more than half the stores werechains); 23 per cent are on the verge ofbecoming clone towns (border towns); and 36per cent were “home towns” (more than2/3rds of shops are independents).• Cambridge is the UK’s most clonedtown, managing only 11.6 on the diversityscale (out of a possible 100). Only ninevarieties of shops are found on the main highstreet.• Richmond has the most cloned high street ofLondon’s “villages”, with only five independentshops found down its length.• Whitstable, Kent is the best performing“home town”, according to the survey, scoringan impressive 92.1. on the diversity scale.Nine of the 13 west London village high streetssurveyed registered as “clone towns”.Clone Town Britain 2010: High street diversitystill on endangered list
  37. 37. First we had Ghost Town Britain, then we hadClone Town Britain, and now it appears we arehurtling towards No Town Britain.According to a campaign by the Federation ofSmall Businesses, 42% of our towns andvillages no longer have a shop of any kind.Specialised stores, includingbutchers, bakers, fishmongers andnewsagents, have been closing at the rate of50 per week - more than 2,000 a year -between 1997 and 2002, and have beenreplaced by out-of-town supermarkets andshopping centres.Since 1990, 40% of bank branches haveclosed, around four pubs a day are currentlycalling absolutely last orders, and 2,500 postoffices face closure.The FSB campaign, Keep Trade Local, warnsthat our high streets face extinction. It aims tosafeguard the future of small, independent
  38. 38. Shrewsbury: Can the towncentre fight back?In your booklets, find and highlight the answers to the following questions…1. What recent changes has occurred to retailing in Shrewsbury?2. How do local people feel about the changes?3. How many retail parks / shopping malls does the area have?4. What is being done to combat the problems associated with the changes?
  39. 39. 1. Collate the data from your surveys.2. Produce graphs to display the findings.3. Describe what you have found.4. Do you think these findings reflect the national trend?
  40. 40. In groups produce a mind map to explain the impacts of internet shopping.Think about the following…- positive / negative- social / economic / environmental- different groups of people- what the future holds
  41. 41. Do you think that internet shopping has had an overall good orbad impact on retail?
  42. 42. Extension…Was the internet to blame for the closure of Woolworths stores in the UK?
  43. 43. What do you think this is?What do you think goes on here?
  44. 44. Amazon: From the online world to your doorstepToday…•Identify factors affecting location•Describe the location of Amazon stores•Explain what makes a suitable locationIdentify impacts on the locations
  45. 45. Distribution warehouse: AmazonThere are now a number of these in theUK given the recent rise in internet sales.Where would be a good location for awarehouse like this?
  46. 46. Complete the activitieson page 101.Complete a sketch mapto show the location ofthe Amazon warehousein Swansea.Video Clip:
  47. 47. Local Spending, Global Impact!•Identify the factors contributing to globalisation oftrade•Identify the positive and negative impacts of UKconsumer spending
  48. 48. What do these terms mean?ConsumerGlobalisationDisposable incomeSpending powerGDPPositive MultiplierConsumerismFood milesAn individual who buys products or services forpersonal usethe tendency of businesses, technologies, orphilosophies to spread throughout the world,the income that a person has forspending, saving, or investingThe value of money , as measured by the quantityand quality of products and services it can buy .where one factor affects another, which thensubsequently affects another and so onAttachment tomaterialistic values orpossessionsthe market value of all goods and services producedwithin a country in a given period. It is often consideredan indicator of a countrys standard of living.The distance food is transported fromthe time of its production until itreaches the consumer
  49. 49. What are the positive and negativeimpacts of consumer spending?In pairs use the information to answer thequestion.You are only allowed to draw images.You can use a max of 6 words.
  50. 50. To end:Discuss why it is important to consider peoples’opinions surrounding the issue of the impacts ofwhat we spend our money on.
  51. 51. Are you an ethical shopper?Today...• Who are the winners and losers of the fashion trade?• To what extent do/can people in the UK influence thedecisions made by big companies and the impacts they havearound the world?• What does the future hold for ethical shopping?
  52. 52. UK Factory WorkerUK EconomyLEDC economiesShoppersFactory worker in AsiaCompany owners
  53. 53. What can be done to help the losers?
  54. 54. Examples:Signing up to agreements orenforcing legislation.1. Employment is freely chosen2. Freedom of association and the right tocollective bargaining are respected3. Working conditions are safe and hygienic4. Child labour shall not be used5. Living wages are paid6. Working hours are not excessive7. No discrimination is practised8. Regular employment is provided9. No harsh or inhumane treatmentis allowed
  55. 55. Consumer choices based on –• ethical standards set by the company• food miles• carbon footprint,
  56. 56. Examples:• Demonstrations• Advertising• Campaigning• Labelling
  57. 57. We all want to make shopping decisions wecan feel good about – for our family, ourwallets and the environment. Most of us wantto do our bit – it just needs to be quick, easyand not cost the earth!Small steps can make a big difference,particularly when it comes to reducing ourcarbon footprint.Now help is at hand. The Carbon ReductionLabel helps you see at a glance which productsare working to reduce their carbonfootprints. It’s still early days, but already lotsof leading brands have signed up – in factyou’ll find carbon labelled-products along mostaisles of your local supermarket and rightacross the high
  58. 58. Since 2005/06:Our carbon intensity has fallen during the 06/07 financial year: our footprint in tonnes ofCO2e has not changed materially since the 05/06 financial year despite a 10.9% increasein sales and a 17.2% increase in selling area (our footprint for the 05/06 year wasassessed to be between 4 and 4.3 million tonnes.Carbon labelsrestrict air transport to less than 1 per cent ofour products and will put an aeroplane symbolon all air-freighted products in our stores.