Globalisation Revision pp

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Year 10 Globalisation Revision Powerpoint

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Globalisation Revision pp

  1. 1. What is Globalisation
  2. 2. The process by which regional economies, societies,and cultures have become integrated through aglobal network.
  3. 3. What factors encourage it?TNC’s / MNC’s
  4. 4. TNC’s / MNC’sTechnologyCommunication
  5. 5. A huge company that has branches all over the World!A huge company that has branches all over the World!Research and development= MEDC’s•Tertiary industries:Decision making /development of ideas andtechnology / sales /marketing etc.Finland (HQ)UKUSAProduction= LEDC’s•Primary industries:Drilling for oil – MiddleEastCollecting the rawmaterial coltan – Congo•Secondary industries:Making SIM cards –Singapore, TaiwanBattery manufacturing –China
  6. 6. A huge company that has branches all over the World!A huge company that has branches all over the World!Research and development= MEDC’sSkilled labourAccess to sales (markets)Company imageProduction= LEDC’sCheap labourCheap landClose to materials
  7. 7. Provides jobsIncreases earningsFamilies have more disposableincomeFamilies can afford educationMore money can be spent in localbusinessesShops and services can expandLocal economy growsImage of the place improvesWorking conditions can be poor;- long hours- low pay- unsafe- child labour- no rights- no holidays- no breaksWorking conditions can be poor;- long hours- low pay- unsafe- child labour- no rights- no holidays- no breaksPositive multiplier effectPositive multiplier effect
  8. 8. It ensures the free movement of people,goods, services, and capital between membercountries.Jobs – foreign workers do dirty,difficult, dangerous jobs thatnationals wouldn’t.Fill jobs that are needed e.g. inhealthcare and seasonal workEnhances competitivenessand creates new jobs.Some countries may lose skilled workersthat are needed in their country(brain drain)May be too competitive for some jobs,locals feel negative about ‘foreignworkers’.Some countries may lose skilled workersthat are needed in their country(brain drain)May be too competitive for some jobs,locals feel negative about ‘foreignworkers’.Remember: people maychose o move becauseof push & pull factors!Example of a Trade BlocExample of a Trade Bloc
  9. 9. Foreign investmentBig companies chose tolocate in India bringingjobs and money(positive multiplieroccurs)Improved communicationThere is an increased demand forconsumer items.Business profits increase,businesses expand, more moneyfor the economyFlows of ideas andculturese.g. BollywoodIndustries spreadworldwide – profitscome back to IndiaFlows of peoplee.g. Migrants in UKPeople work andlive abroad –money and skillsreinvested in India.India is dependent on other countries to invest money in their country.Other countries depend on India e.g. for providing a labour force.India is dependent on other countries to invest money in their country.Other countries depend on India e.g. for providing a labour force.
  10. 10. Benefits ProblemsEconomic Increase of money in the economyat local and national level.This money can hep towardsimprovements in services andinfrastructure (e.g. Schools, healthcare, roads)Loss of industry in some areas =loss of income for local families.This results in a reduction in thelocal economy.Environmental Cars produced are low polluting –if these can replace other carsthen pollution may decrease alongwith associated health problemsLoss of agricultural land – lessnatural, more polluting.Increased car ownership – increasein which may lead to congestionand pollution health problems.Social Jobs provided by the company.People have more opportunitiesthrough car ownership – jobs,leisure, education.Loss of livelihoods in somelocations leading to hunger andmalnutrition.What are the advantages and disadvantages ofincreased interdependence in India?e.g. Tata – the big company that makes the NanoOnly £1,400Very fuelefficientSafeTata - MNCEarned $62.5 billion07/08Employ 350,000worldwide.61% of workersoutside India.2008 announced itwas to make theworlds cheapest car.Tata - MNCEarned $62.5 billion07/08Employ 350,000worldwide.61% of workersoutside India.2008 announced itwas to make theworlds cheapest car.
  11. 11. Foreign Investment in IndiaForeign Investment in IndiaForeign investment is anotheroutcome of globalisation.There may be costscosts and benefitsbenefitsfor the places where investmentoccurs.E.G – COCA-COLA in INDIABenefits:• Jobs,•Money for economy,•Improved Services,•Community ProjectsCosts:•Take water from drought prone areas•Dump toxic waste (rivers & land)•Loss of livelihoods, lack of education•Water shortages
  12. 12. Before you have finished eatingyour breakfast this morning, you’vealready depended on more thanhalf the world.Before you have finished eatingyour breakfast this morning, you’vealready depended on more thanhalf the world.What do you think he meant by this?List all of the things you used beforeleaving for school this morning.Where do you think these things came form?
  13. 13. The UK getsgoods, products &services from othercountries......but it also sellsgoods, products andservices to othercountriesThese are called:IMPORTSThese are called:EXPORTS
  14. 14. True / False1.Both of these places import and export goods.2.The UK imports more agricultural products than Ghana.3.The UK exports more agricultural products than Ghana.4.The biggest import to the UK are fuels and mining products.5.Other products account for the highest proportion of exports from Ghana.6.About 65% of the UK’s imports are manufactured goods.7.The proportion of imports of manufactured goods are similar in the UK and Ghana.8.Ghana imports more fuel than the UK.9.The UK exports more mining products than Ghana.
  15. 15. Use the graph to comparetrade in the two countries.These may help...• Ghana imports more/less .... than the UK.• Imports of .............. account for .......% in the UK whereas in Ghana.....• Manufactured goods account for a significantly higher amount of exportsin ............... In comparison to .....................Key Points...Look for patterns – anything similar or significantly differentGive figuresUse words like – similarly, whereas, on the other hand
  16. 16. What is free trade?What are the advantages of it?What are the disadvantages?How can these problems be managed?What are the problems of current trade patterns?What is free trade?What are the advantages of it?What are the disadvantages?How can these problems be managed?What are the problems of current trade patterns?

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