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The Inner City ucgs


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A quick Geographic video about the problems and solutions of the inner city of an MEDC, including various case studies.

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The Inner City ucgs

  1. 1. THE INNER CITY By Wendy, Meena, Miten and Anu
  2. 2.  Points to cover: 1. The issues(problems e.g. air pollution, crime) 2. The solutions/strategies to deal the issues 3. A list of key terms for your particular issues 4. Real world examples for your issues
  3. 3. THE ISSUES: The inner city area mostly older cities, and it is also it is nearer the center therefore it is surrounding the CBD. The Inner city areas predominantly have negative physical, social and economic features. These are the main issues that are associated with the Inner City:  There are high density buildings and bad quality open space e.g.. parks  Older, nineteenth century and lower-cost housing such as tenements or terraced housing.  Many slum housing, derelict land and old declining industry  There is a declining population with high unemployment and limited shopping facilities  Large areas of re-development or urban regeneration  High levels of air pollution from traffic, vandalism and graffiti  Most areas are demolished and used for motorways instead  Derelict and old buildings therefore it is an undesirable for people to move there hence it is a push factor.
  4. 4. MAIN SOLUTION 1: Urban Development Corporations  Regenerating an area by bringing land and buildings into effective use, encouraging the development of existing and new industry, creating an attractive environment and ensuring that there are housing and social facilities. Billions of pounds are used to fund these projects from both the public and private sector.
  5. 5. CASE STUDY The London Docklands Corporation: •During 19th Century London docklands were on of the busiest in the world because with many industries using imported goods. •In 1950s the ships become bigger and were unable to reach London's docks so by 1970s, the area became derelict, with few jobs, few services and poor living conditions. •Many traditional jobs in docks were lost and most of the housing was below standard and were lacking basic facilities. •After 17 years of the UDC developing , The London docks were rejuvenated from decline.
  6. 6. The London docklands development corporation has now achieved: •Building 24,046 homes •Trading with 2,700 businesses •Building 144km of new and improved roads and infrastructure •Funding of 11 new primary schools, 2 secondary schools and 3 colleges •Has won 94 awards for architecture, conservation and landscaping •Creating 85,000 jobs
  7. 7. MAIN SOLUTION 2: City challenge  This scheme is to improve housing, environment, community facilities and shopping provision. However, the aim is to get local authorities, private companies and local communities to work together from the start to avoid decline.
  8. 8. CASE STUDY Hulme, Manchester: In the 1990s, the city challenged provided Hulme with £37.5 million. This was used to: •Retain and renovate older buildings •Design and build homes that are designed to be energy efficiency and conserve water •To build new schools and parks •To rebuild the traditional layout of Hulme after it was originally demolished.
  9. 9. MAIN SOLUTION 3: Sustainable Communities  This is building appropriate housing to improve the quality of life with an access to a job, education and healthcare. This initative started in 2003 and is quickly spreading to other areas.
  10. 10. CASE STUDY New Islington Millennium Village, Manchester: The new features that have been built: •New homes •Parks and gardens 1300 new homes built 300 new trees Refurbishment of Ancoats hospital New play areas, climbing rocks, New office spaces courtyard gardens, private gardens and •Waterways patios 3,000m canal sides •Community facilities 12 bridges Primary schools and day care centres •Urban Facilities Workshops, village halls and a football 10 new shops pitch Metro link and bus stops 1400, car parking spaces