Published on

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. G A N D H I
  2. 2. “ Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth.” Albert Einstein
  3. 3. <ul><li>Born 1869 </li></ul><ul><li>Vaisya Caste; “middle class” </li></ul><ul><li>Father was “mayor” of town. </li></ul><ul><li>Early education in India </li></ul><ul><li>Studied law in England </li></ul>Mohandas Gandhi’s Early Life A teenage Gandhi (right) in 1886 with his brother
  4. 4. Gandhi’s wife Kasturba who he wed in an arranged marriage at the age of 13.
  5. 5. Other names… <ul><li>Mahatma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>means “high souled one” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gandhi(ji) or Bapu(ji) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ ji” added to end of either name above shows respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bapu also meant “Father” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Important Events in Gandhi’s Life <ul><li>1893 – South Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thrown off train because he was “colored” with a 1st class ticket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practices nonviolent techniques in fight for Indians’ rights under apartheid (ie. Burning of pass books) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 1919 - Amritsar Massacre Carried out by British General Dyer <ul><li>Indian nationalists met to protest the British government's forced conscription of Indian soldiers and the heavy war tax on India </li></ul><ul><li>Gen Dyer opens fire; hundreds killed, thousands injured </li></ul>The Golden Temple of the Sikhs in the city of Amritsar Hundreds were killed and thousands were injured as a result of General Dyer’s action
  8. 8. 1930 - Salt March <ul><ul><li>Protest against British control & production of salt </li></ul></ul>Gandhi leads the people on the Great Salt March
  9. 9. <ul><li>WWII Events </li></ul><ul><li>India Would Support Allies vs Japan if…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British Colonial Rule ended immediately - - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Result??? NO!!! - “Quit India” Campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-Imprisoned in 1942 -- 1945 for Non-Cooperation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gandhi’s Beliefs about England and America during WWII <ul><li>&quot; The allies have no moral cause for which they are fighting , so long as they are carrying this double sin on their shoulders , the sin of India's subjection and the subjection of the Negroes and African races ,&quot; Gandhi argued. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1920 - Homespun Movement <ul><li>Boycott of British cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Wearing homespun garments became a symbol of Indian patriotism. </li></ul>“ English factories make the cloth that makes our poverty”
  12. 12. In your notebook… How do you think Gandhi’s physical appearance (clothing especially!) in each of these photos reflects his life experiences at the time? 1890s 1940s 1915 Gandhi’s Metamorphoses on the Road to India’s Freedom 1890s 1915
  13. 13. Gandhi’s Beliefs and Strategies <ul><li>Ahimsa – Hindu principle of non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>Satyagraha (SA-TEE-A–GRA-HA) - To Convert one’s enemy by “Truth Force”  This is the force of “loving one’s enemy” and “preaching the truth to them” to convert them to your point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Disobedience - the refusal to obey an unjust law </li></ul><ul><li>Fast </li></ul><ul><li>boycott </li></ul>
  14. 14. “ Soul Force” “ We will not hate you, but we cannot …obey your unjust laws…We will soon wear you down by our capacity to suffer. And in winning our freedom, we will so appeal to your heart and conscience that we will win you in the process” - A Christmas Sermon on Peace on Christmas eve 1967
  15. 15. <ul><li>Analyzing “word clouds” </li></ul><ul><li>How were the crusades of these two men similar? How were they different? </li></ul><ul><li>Choose 4 words (they don’t have to be the same, but similar) that appear frequently in both documents. Explain the significance of these words to both men’s goals/philosophies. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose 2 words used frequently by each man that are different. How does the use of these words show differences between the two men (goals, etc.)? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Similarities Differences
  17. 17. The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., January 15, 1929–April 4, 1968 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, October 2, 1869–January 30, 1948