2011 Gandhi pt2


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  • Gandhi had given up Western style clothing upon his return to India in 1915. He urged Indians to do likewise because buying British made goods only made the British manufacturers richer. Native Indian businesses were losing business and eventually closing since they couldn’t compete with the more cheaply made British cloth.
  • Gandhi led several hundred, then thousands of Indians to the sea to distill the saltwater and make salt. The march lasted about 3 weeks and covered over 240 miles.
  • Jinnah is the tall , aristocratic acting gentleman in the white suit in the video. Note his attitude compared to Gandhi in how he deals with people.
  • 2011 Gandhi pt2

    1. 1. G A N D H I Gandhi Part 2
    2. 2. Important Events in Movie and Gandhi’s Life <ul><ul><li>1919 - Amritsar Massacre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carried out by British General Dyer </li></ul></ul></ul>In the city of Amritsar, Indians of all types met to peacefully discuss the violation of Indian civil rights under British law. The Golden Temple of the Sikhs in the city of Amritsar Hundreds were killed and thousands were injured as a result of General Dyer’s action
    3. 4. 1920 - Homespun Movement Gandhi found time to spin and make cloth as an example to the Indian people Explain Gandhi’s quote in Study Guide Packet Gandhi calls for the Boycott of British Made Cloth <ul><ul><li>What was the wearing of homespun garments a symbol of for Indians supporting Gandhi? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ English factories make the cloth that makes our poverty.” </li></ul></ul>
    4. 6. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. “ True peace is not merely the absence of tension: it is the presence of justice.” Dr. ML King, Jr. 1929 - 1968
    5. 7. First , it is not based on cowardice; although it may seem passive physically, it is spiritually active, requiring the courage to stand up against injustice. Dr. M L King, Jr., on Nonviolence “ Letter From a Birmingham Jail”
    6. 8. Second , Nonviolence does not seek to defeat the opponent but rather to win his understanding. Dr. M L King, Jr., on Nonviolence SATYAGRAHA
    7. 9. Third , the attack is directed at the evil not at the people who are doing the evil; for King the conflict was not between whites and blacks but between justice and injustice. Dr. M L King, Jr., on Nonviolence Fourth , in nonviolence there is a willingness to accept suffering without retaliating.
    8. 10. Fifth , not only is physical violence avoided but also spiritual violence ; love replaces hatred. Dr. M L King, Jr., on Nonviolence Sixth , nonviolence has faith that justice will prevail.
    9. 11. Important Events (continued) <ul><li>1930 - Salt March </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protest against British control & production of salt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be Able to discuss the following Gandhi Quotes. . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On his march to the sea, Gandhi says that “we, not the British, are in control.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does Gandhi say is the function of a “Civil Resister”? </li></ul></ul>Gandhi leads the people on the Great Salt March
    10. 12. <ul><ul><li>Great Salt March </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1930 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>241 Miles to Sea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>24 Days </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dharasana Salt Factory “BeatDown” </li></ul></ul>
    11. 13. Tushar A. Gandhi standing outside the Dharasana Salt Satyagrah Memorial. “My Grandfather Manilal Gandhi participated in the raid on the Dharasana Salt Depot, he was hit on the head by the Colonial Police and remained unconcious for two days. He might have fallen at the same stop where I stand.”
    12. 14. Important People in Movie <ul><ul><li>Muhammad Ali Jinnah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leader of the Muslims </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually wants a country (Pakistan) for the Muslims. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jawaharlal Nehru </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gandhi’s “right hand man” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>India’s 1 st Prime Minister </li></ul></ul></ul>Nehru on left
    13. 15. “ There can be no inward peace without true knowledge.” MK Gandhi
    14. 16. <ul><li>WWII Events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India Would Support Allies vs Japan if…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>British Colonial Rule ended immediately - - </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Result??? NO!!! - “Quit India” Campaign </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>-Imprisoned in 1942 -- 1945 for Non-Cooperation </li></ul>
    15. 17. &quot;The allies have no moral cause for which they are fighting, so long as they are carrying this double sin on their shoulders, the sin of India's subjection and the subjection of the Negroes and African races ,&quot; Gandhi argued. Gandhi’s Beliefs about England and America during WWII
    16. 18. Gandhi and the last British Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten and his wife with Gandhi. Gandhi wanted the British to leave India as friends.
    17. 19. Eyewitness to Assassination
    18. 20. Gandhi’s Final Footsteps and the Memorial Marking the site of his Assassination
    19. 21. Gandhi’s Funeral Pyre
    20. 22. Formerly - East Pakistan until 1971 END Part 2