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Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation
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Himalayas Quick Review - A brief but comprehensive presentation

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A brief explanation a about what the Himalayas are in informative and Interesting content and through Photogarphs. Useful for school kids and college goings students as well

A brief explanation a about what the Himalayas are in informative and Interesting content and through Photogarphs. Useful for school kids and college goings students as well

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  • 1. THE HIMALAYAS Acknowledgements : Dr. Manojkumar P. Devne, S.P.College Pune - 30
  • 2. The Himalayas : Basic Facts  Called Himadri, Himvan, Himanchal  Central Axial Range : 22 degrees of Longitude.  Total Distance : 2400 Km  Total Area : 5 lakh sq km  Central Pivot : Pamir Plateau  Southern Boundary : 300 m contour  Northern Boundary : Obscure & merges with edge ofTibetean Plateau  Peaks : 8000(14), 7500(20), 7300(94) 6000(NC)
  • 3. Features  High Altitude  SteepGradient  Deeply DissectedTopography  Complex Geological Structure  Snow capped summits  RichTemperate Flora in Sub-tropical latitude
  • 4. topography
  • 5. Origin  Upliftment in Phases  Great Geosyncline – Sea ofTethys  Squeezed folds between Gondwana and Angaraland  Convex shape towards south (due o push of Aravalis and Assom ranges)  Multiple ranges due to a long phase of pushing  3 phases : 120 mybp – Great Himalayas 25 to 30 mybp – Middle Himalayas 2 to 20 mybp - Shiwaliks
  • 6. Evidences  Late Cretaceous to-Date  Avg. Ht 1mybp – 2410 m Now - 3050  Earthquake Occurrences Isostatic Equilibrium  Fossils alongTibetian Plateau and Shiwaliks are similar (similar climate)  Youthful Himalayan rivers in Rejuvenation (Terraces along Banks)
  • 7. Building Process -PlateTectonics -Process still going on -One more fracture has appeared in the outer fringes of the Shiwaliks -JCB – operating from opposite directions
  • 8. Division of Himalayas REGIONAL GEOGRAPHICAL GEOLOGICAL
  • 9. The Himalayan Ranges  Series of parallel ranges  Intermediate deep valleys  ‘Hogback’ appearance  Abrupt rise in Oudh and Bengal  Western Himalayas Gradual
  • 10. Variation in cover
  • 11. Shiwaliks  Outermost range  2400 km long (Potwar Plateau to Bramhaputra valley)  Width 50km(H.P.) 15km (A.P.)  Avg. Height – 600 to 1500m  Mid-Miocene to Lower Pleistocene (sands, gravels, conglomerate)  Jammu, Dhang, Dundhwa,Churia Ghat, Dafla, Miri, Mishmi, Abor  The ‘Doons/Duns’  ‘Chos’ Western Eastern
  • 12. Middle Himalayas  Lesser Himalayas/Himanchal  Width 60-80 km  Average elevation 3500-4500m  Pir Panjal, Dhola Dhar, Mussoorie, NagTibba, Mahabharat Lekh  KashmirValley (40km wide, 135 km long, 1600m elevation, 5000 sq km)  Shimla, Nainital, Ranikhet,Almora, Mussoorie, Darjeeling  Less hostile and friendly for Human contact
  • 13. Great Himalayas  Inner Himalayas, Central Himalayas  Width 25 km  Avg. Elevation 6100 m  Nanga Parbat- Namcha Barva  Mt. Everest 8850 m, 5th March 2005 (Sir George Everest,1841,1852, Peak XV, 1865)  Sagarmatha, Chomlungna, Qomolangma  Passes : Buezila, Zojila (J &K), Bara lachla Shipkila (HP),Thangla, Nitila (UK), Nathula, Jhelepla(Sikkim)
  • 14. Zoji la
  • 15. Trans Himalayas -  Tibetian Himalayas  Length 1000 km,  Avg. Elevation 3000 m  Zaskar, Ladakh, Kailas (Gangdise), Karakoram (Krishnagiri)  K (Godwin Austin), Gasherbrum I & II, Broad Peak  Ladakh Plateau (plains – Soda, Aksai Chin, Depsang) 2
  • 16. Glacial Boulders
  • 17. The Purvanchal  Beyond Dihang  Arunachal Pradesh to Mizoram  Patkai Bum, Naga Hills, Manipur Hills, Mizo Hills  Blue Mountain (2157m)  Dense forests, rough terrain, swift streams.
  • 18. Bhutan
  • 19. Sikkim
  • 20. International Boundaries of India are distorted
  • 21. Contemporary Issues  Unsustainable resource generation  Deforestation  Soil Erosion  Floods  River Course shifting  TheThird Pole  Geo-politics
  • 22. Kashmir
  • 23. THE HIMALAYAS Acknowledgements : Dr. Manojkumar P. Devne, S.P.College Pune – 30 manojdevne10@hotmail.com, mob-9422353525 Thank You

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