Emerging trends in it


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Emerging trends in it

  1. 1. IT for Management<br />Emerging trends in IT<br />
  2. 2. E-commerce is referred as a way of carrying business communications and transactions using computers over internet or any other network.<br />Transaction is referred as exchanges taking place between two entities.<br />E-commerce<br />
  3. 3. B2C<br />B2B<br />B2A<br />C2C<br />Types of E-commerce<br />
  4. 4. B2B E-commerce can also be used to<br />Develop, retain and cultivate relationships with customer<br />Streamline the supply chain, manufacturing, procurement process and automate corporate processes to deliver the right product and services to right customer quickly and cost effectively<br />Capture, analyze and share information about customers and company operations in order to make better decisions<br />B2B<br />
  5. 5. B2A applications include submission of planning applications, tax returns or patent registration.<br />B2A<br />
  6. 6. There exist five important processes in an E-commerce lifecycle<br />Information sharing<br />Ordering <br />Payment<br />Fulfillment<br />Support and services<br />Processes in E-commerce<br />
  7. 7. E-cash<br />E-cheque<br />Credit card<br />Types of electronic payment<br />
  8. 8. 24X 7<br />Reduced price<br />Global marketplace<br />Increased potential market share<br />Low cost advertising<br />Low start up cost<br />Secure payment system<br />Lower cost of practising business<br />Advantages of E-commerce<br />
  9. 9. Unable to examine products personally<br />H/W and S/W<br />Distribution problems<br />Maintenance of website<br />Costs<br />Customer loyalty<br />Training and maintenance<br />Security<br />Disadvantages of E-commerce<br />
  10. 10. EDI referred as electronic transmission of routine business documents such as purchase orders, invoices etc between computers in standard format.<br />EDI is transmission of business data between two machines<br /> EDI is defined as a collection of public standard message formats and a data element dictionary that allows trading partners to exchange data in a simple way using any electronic messaging service. <br />EDI<br />
  11. 11. Eliminate manual data entry<br />Improve data consistency<br />Increases compatibility<br />Common set of commercial tools and processes<br />EDI benefits<br />
  12. 12. Most of the real benefits are strategic and intangible in nature.<br />Different approach to cost-benefit analysis is required<br />EDI limitations<br />
  13. 13. Mobile phone services<br />SMS<br />MMS<br />WAP,WML<br />Mobile communication<br />
  14. 14. Infotainment<br />Whether forecast<br />Messaging<br />Personal information manager<br />Financial services<br />E-banking, E-commerce<br />Location based services<br />Few new services<br />
  15. 15. It is a satellite based navigation system, which is made up of a network of satellite placed into orbit by the US department of defense.<br />Comprises of 27 satellite<br />GPS (Global Positioning System)<br />
  16. 16. Some useful application are<br />Aircraft Tracking<br />Vehicle tracking System<br />Surveyors <br />military weapons<br />GPS (Global Positioning System) application<br />
  17. 17. Loyalty and stored value<br />Securing information and physical assets<br />E-commerce<br />Personal finance<br />Healthcare<br />Campus identification and access<br />Smart card application<br />
  18. 18. Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access<br />The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802 committee (802.16 ).<br />connectivity at speeds up to 70 Mbps <br />Wimax<br />
  19. 19. WIMAX<br />
  20. 20. WiMAX system consists of two parts: <br />WiMAX Base Station: Typically, a base station can cover up to 10 km radius.<br />WiMAX receiver: could be a stand-alone box or a PC card.<br />Goal of WIMAX:<br />Provide high-speed Internet access to home and business subscribers, without wires.<br />How Wimax works<br />
  21. 21. Introduction<br />A WIMAX tower<br />An example of WIMAX receiver <br />: PCMCIA card<br />
  22. 22. Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) is a set of technologies that are based on the IEEE 802.11a,b, and g standards.<br />Wi-Fi is considered to be one of the first widely deployed fixed broadband wireless networks.<br />The Wi-Fi architecture consists of a base station that wireless hosts connect to in order to access network resources.<br />As long as the users remain within 300 feet of the fixed wireless access point, they can maintain broadband wireless connectivity.<br />Wi-Fi is the Predecessor of WiMax<br />
  23. 23. Simplicity and ease of deployment given that it uses unlicensed radio spectrum which does not require regulatory approval.<br />Cost of rolling out this wireless solution is low.<br />Users are able to be mobile for up to 300 feet from the access point.<br />There are many Wi-Fi compatible products that are available at a low cost and can interoperate with other network technologies. Wi-Fi clients can work seamlessly in other countries with minimal configuration.<br />Strengths of Wi-Fi<br />
  24. 24. Designed technically for short-range operations and basically an indoors technology.<br />Security is a concern.<br />Weaknesses of Wi-Fi<br />
  25. 25. WiMax eliminates the constraints of Wi-Fi.<br />Unlike Wi-Fi, WiMax is intended to work outdoors over long distances.<br />WiMax is a more complex than Wi-Fi.<br />WiMax is not intended to replace Wi-Fi. Instead, the two technologies complement each other.<br />Relation of Wi-Fi and WiMax<br />
  26. 26. Railways<br />Banking<br />Insurance<br />Airlines<br />Inventory <br />Hotel industry<br />Education<br />Telecom sector<br />Games<br />Financial services and Information kiosk<br />Class Assignment<br />