My  Ing, To Or  0 Infinitive
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My Ing, To Or 0 Infinitive

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A brief explanation on the use of the -ing, to and zero Infinitive.

A brief explanation on the use of the -ing, to and zero Infinitive.

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    My  Ing, To Or  0 Infinitive My Ing, To Or 0 Infinitive Presentation Transcript

    • -ING, TO OR 0 INFINITIVE? -ING, TO OR 0 INFINITIVE? USING -ING, TO OR ZERO INFINITIVE
    • Using the Gerund (-ing Form)
      • 1. As the Subject of a sentence:
      • Going out is fun.
      • Reading is my favourite hobby.
      • Walking to school is good exercise.
      • (We would use the Infinitive in Spanish/ Galician)
      • 2. After PREPOSITIONS:
      • Thanks for writing .
      • She insisted on driving my car.
      • I apologized for being late.
      • Keep on trying !
      • We’re tired of waiting .
      • 3. After some expressions:
      • I can’t (couldn’t) help falling in love with you (as Elvis said).
      • I can’t stand getting up early.
      • I don’t mind / Would you mind opening the window?
      • I look forward to visiting India next year.
      • We feel like going to the theatre in May.
      • It’s no use calling her. She never answers.
      • He is/ got used to being a teacher.
      • 4. As the Direct Object of Verbs such as:
      • Love, like, hate, prefer, enjoy, dislike,
      • miss, suggest, continue, finish, recommend:
      • I miss lying on the beach.
      • Don’t you love travelling ?
      • I suggested getting her a present.
    • Using the TO Infinitive
      • 1. After some adjectives and adverbs:
      • She was sad to leave
      • I’m happy to see you.
      • Especially when they take TOO or ENOUGH :
      • He’s too shy to speak .
      • You’re not old enough to drive .
      • 2. After some verbs such as:
      • Agree, allow, appear/ seem, choose, decide, expect, hope, learn, plan, promise, refuse, want AND would like/ love/ hate/ prefer:
      • - I ’d love to dance right now.
      • - Would you like to come to the party?
      • - I want to go out this evening.
      • - She decided to leave .
      • 3. After the Object of verbs such as:
      • Advise, persuade, invite, teach, warn, want:
      • They want us to leave .
      • They invited me to go .
      • What did they teach you to do there?
      • She advised him to forget about her.
    • Using the “Zero” Infinitive
      • 1. After All Modal Verbs (except OUGHT TO):
      • I can’t meet you later.
      • May I come in?
      • You shouldn’t be so critical.
      • 2. After verbs of perception (hear, see, feel, …) , make and let:
      • I heard you talk .
      • They saw you cry .
      • His parents made her stay at home.
      • They won’t let me go away.
    • Verbs followed by ING or To Infinitive
        • 1. No change in meaning:
        • Begin, start, forbid, intend, propose
        • She began to pack/packing .
        • I intended to phone/phoning you
        • They have forbidden to smoke/smoking
      • 2. Changing the meaning:
      • STOP:
      • I stopped working and went home.
      • (dejar de hacer)
      • - I stopped to have lunch. (Pararse a)
      • REMEMBER/ FORGET/REGRET:
      • - I remember calling you yesterday (something PREVIOUS)
      • - Don’t forget to call me later. (something to do LATER).
      • - I regret arguing with her yesterday.
      • More practice at:
      • http://englishteachermargarita.blogspot.com/