Gerunds and infinitives

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An excellent slideshow on the difference between gerunds and infinitives

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Gerunds and infinitives

  1. 1. Infinitive or ING form? M.G.A
  2. 2. <ul><li>Sometimes we need to decide whether to use a verb in its: </li></ul><ul><li>-ing form (doing, singing) or </li></ul><ul><li>infinitive form (to do, to sing). </li></ul><ul><li>For example, only one of the following sentences is correct. Which one? </li></ul><ul><li>I dislike working late. (???) </li></ul><ul><li>I dislike to work late. (???) </li></ul>
  3. 3. When to use the infinitive <ul><li>The infinitive form is used after certain verbs : </li></ul><ul><li>- forget, help, learn, teach, train - choose, expect, hope, need, offer, want, would like - agree, encourage, pretend, promise, recommend - allow, can/can't afford, decide, manage, mean, refuse </li></ul><ul><li>I forgot to close the window. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary needs to leave early. </li></ul><ul><li>Why are they encouraged to learn English? </li></ul><ul><li>We can't afford to take a long holiday. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The infinitive form is always used after adjectives , for example: - disappointed, glad, happy, pleased, relieved, sad, surprised </li></ul><ul><li>I was happy to help them. </li></ul><ul><li>This includes too + adjective : </li></ul><ul><li>The water was too cold to swim in. </li></ul><ul><li>The infinitive form is used after adjective + enough : </li></ul><ul><li>She is rich enough to buy two. </li></ul>
  5. 5. When to use -ing <ul><li>The -ing form is used when the word is the subject of a sentence or clause: </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming is good exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors say that smoking is bad for you. </li></ul><ul><li>The -ing form is used after a preposition : </li></ul><ul><li>I look forward to meeting you. </li></ul><ul><li>They left without saying &quot;Goodbye.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The -ing form is used after certain verbs : - avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind, practise </li></ul><ul><li>I dislike getting up early. </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind opening the window? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Some verbs can be followed by the -ing form or the infinitive without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start . </li></ul><ul><li>It started to rain. </li></ul><ul><li>It started raining. </li></ul><ul><li>I like to play tennis. </li></ul><ul><li>I like playing tennis. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fill in the blanks with the infinitive or ing form <ul><li>1. We like ______ our grandmother on Sundays. (visit) </li></ul><ul><li>2. I might want _____ your Science notes. (borrow) </li></ul><ul><li>3. My father hates _____a tie to work. (wear) </li></ul><ul><li>4. We can't afford ______ a vacation this summer. (take) </li></ul><ul><li>5. The company was pleased ______ your thank-you letter. (receive) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>6. Would you mind _____ a window? (open) </li></ul><ul><li>7. My suitcase is light enough _____ myself. (carry) </li></ul><ul><li>8. She cannot leave the table without ______ her dinner. (finish) </li></ul><ul><li>9. The music will continue _______until you turn it off. (play) </li></ul><ul><li>10. My little brother dislikes ______his hair brushed. (have) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Now, it is your turn to practice with the expressions <ul><li>Create a sentence with each verb or expression </li></ul>

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