DEPERMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
KHULNA UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
KHULNA - 9203
Md. Helal -An- Nahiyan
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Mahesh Kumar Sah
Roll No.: 0905123
Roll No.: 0705116 .
Basic approach to Job Evaluation.
The importance of Job Evaluation and its
Important methods of Job Evaluation.
What is job evaluation?
Job evaluation is the process of analyzing
and assessing the various jobs
systematically to ascertain their relative
worth in an organization. Job is evaluated
on the basis of their content and is placed
in the order of their importance.
The following objectives are derived from the analysis
To gather data and information relating to job description, job
specification and employee specifications for various jobs in an
To compare the duties, responsibilities and demands of a job
with that of other jobs
To determine the hierarchy and place of various jobs in an
To determine the ranks or grades of various jobs
To ensure fair and equitable wages on the basis of relative
worth or value of jobs.
To minimize wage discrimination based on sex, age, caste,
region, religion etc.
The role of job evaluation in organizations
The outcome of this analysis is the establishment
of structures that aid the comparison among the
jobs and support the evaluators to make
consistent and reasonable judgments.
Job evaluation includes comparative processes due to the fact that
the relations and dependencies among the jobs have to be
explained. This consists of an essential determinant that allows the
management (through the analysis of the targets, achievements and
factors that influence the requirements of the jobs) to assign the
corresponding proportions of every job. For this reason job
evaluation usually includes an extensive analysis of the roles, the
objectives and the corresponding actions and achievements of the
Principles of job evaluation program
Rate the job but not the employee. Rate the elements on the basis
of the job demands.
The elements selected for rating should be easily understood.
The elements should be defined clearly and properly selected.
Employees concerned and the supervisors should be educated
and convinced about the program
Supervisors should be encouraged to participate in rating the
Secure employee cooperation by encouraging them to participate
in the rating program.
Discuss with the supervisors and employees about rating but not
about assigning money values to the points.
Do not establish too many occupational wages.
Job Evaluation Process
Objectives of Job Evaluation
Job Evaluation Program
This is the simplest, the most inexpensive and the most
expedient method of evaluation. Each job is considered as a whole
and is then given a ranking in relation to all other jobs. A ranking table
is then drawn up and the ranked jobs grouped into grades.
The main disadvantage of this method is that it lacks
substantiating data for later use in justifying the relative position given
certain jobs. So this method is not suitable for large organization.
Job title Grade Salary (Taka)
Engineer 9 25000
Accountant 8 20000
Purchase assistant 7 18000
Machine Operator 6 15000
Office Boy 5 10000
Classification systems define the value of jobs, people, or
teams with written standards for a hierarchy of classification level. It
involves only matching a specific job with a list of tasks in a
predetermined labor grade. Each grade has asset money rate.
1. Develop descriptions for a category of jobs—job
2. Develop standards for each category by describing the key
characteristics of those jobs in the category.
3. Match jobs to the categories based on the similarity of
Job classes are classified like managerial , office clerical and then
jobs are assigned to these classifications.
Jobs, people, and teams can be quickly slotted into the
Classification levels have face validity for employees
Standards to establish value are made explicit
Many jobs, people, or teams do not fit neatly into a
Extensive judgment is required
Differences between classification levels may not be equal
Creates status hierarchies within organizations
Extensive administration required .
Classification Method (con’t)
The system starts with the selection of job factors,
construction of degrees for each factor, and assignment of points
to each degree. Different factors are selected for different jobs,
with accompanying differences in degrees and points. The most
popular number of factors is between ten and fifteen .
Initiative & ingenuity
Mental and / or visual
Responsibility for equipment or process
Responsibility for materials or product
Responsibility for safety of others
A set of compensable factors are identified
Assign points to a these compensable factors based on the
perceived importance to the job
Once this is dine for all compensable factors, evaluate the
level to which each of these factors are present in the job
and assign points(weights) accordingly.
The points for each factor are totaled to form a score for
Jobs are then grouped by total score and assigned to salary
grades so that jobs with the highest points would have the
Point Method (con’t)
The Factor Comparison Method
This method is based on the assumption that all jobs contain
certain common factors to determine the worth of jobs. These
factors may differ in the degree to which they are present in different
jobs. Typically the number of compensable factors is small (4 or 5).
1. Select the set of Benchmark Jobs
2. Rank the Benchmark jobs on the basis of each compensable
3. For each Benchmark job, allocate market pay across the
4. Determine the pay for each job by adding up the pay from
each compensable factor.
Pay Range= Pay from skill + Pay from effort + Pay from
responsibility + Pay from working conditions
Analytical and objective
Reliable and valid as each job is compared with other job
It is difficult to understand and explain
Using the same criteria to access all job is not accurate as jobs
differ within organization as with point method.
Time consuming and costly.
The Factor Comparison Method (con’t)
A job evaluation scheme should be chosen
cautiously. It should be devised and
administered on the basis of employment
market, demand for labor, bargaining power
of the parties & job conditions.