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The History of the English Language

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A brief history of the English language

A brief history of the English language

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    The History of the English Language The History of the English Language Presentation Transcript

    • The History of the English Language
      Source: A History of English by Barbara A. Fennell
    • Where did English come from?
      English is a member of the Indo-Europeanfamily of languages
    • Latin and the modern Latin languages
      • Germanic languages
      • Indo-Iranian languages
      • Slavic languages
      • Baltic languages
      • Celtic Languages
      • Greek
    • What are its origins?
    • Old English or Anglo-Saxon (449 - 1066 CE)
      The Celtslived in Englandwhen the Romans invaded.
      The Romans finally left England in 410 CE as the Roman Empire was collapsing
    • Then the West Germanic tribes arrived to England
      The Angles
      The Saxons
      The Jutes
      The Frisians
      These tribes spoke Anglo-Saxon or Old English.
      This language is similar to modern Frisian
      Today approximately 400,000 people speak Frisian
      =( The Celts moved north leaving the main area of Britain =(
    • Later (850 CE) the Vikings came and brought with them their North Germanic language influence
      Words: WATER & BOOK
    • Middle English (1066 - 1500 CE)
      The Norman Conquest
      French-speaking William, Duke of Normandy
      Old English began to change with the influence of the new French speaking Norman aristocracy
      New vocabulary:
      Beef, pork, and veal = cow, pig, and calf
      French English
    • Early Modern English (1500 - 1650/1700 CE)
      The Renaissance – Revival of scholarship: Greek and Latin classics
      William Shakespeare – 3000 Latin based words
      Age of Exploration and discoveries:
      Products from the New World: Tobacco, Chocolate, Potato
      King James Bible – 1st Book printed in English
      William Claxton –The Press
      These printed materials helped to standardize the language
      GRAMMAR AND SPELLING!
    • Late Modern English(1800 to 2010)
      Rise of technology
      Industrial revolution - nuclear, airplane, horsepower
      Internet
      Growth of the British empire and current expansion of the American influence on the world
      Neologisms from other languages:
      Shampoo and pajamas
      Canyon and Ranch
      Hamburger and Rocket
    • Due to all these factors, the modern English language is very rich and flexible!
      (VARIOUS RULES: CONFUSING!!! in spelling and pronunciation)
      The English language is spoken by 750 million people
      English is an official language in:
      England, Canada, Australia and New Zealand and the United States.