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The History of the English Language

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A brief history of the English language

A brief history of the English language

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  • 1. The History of the English Language
    Source: A History of English by Barbara A. Fennell
  • 2. Where did English come from?
    English is a member of the Indo-Europeanfamily of languages
  • 3. Latin and the modern Latin languages
    • Germanic languages
    • 4. Indo-Iranian languages
    • 5. Slavic languages
    • 6. Baltic languages
    • 7. Celtic Languages
    • 8. Greek
  • What are its origins?
  • 9. Old English or Anglo-Saxon (449 - 1066 CE)
    The Celtslived in Englandwhen the Romans invaded.
    The Romans finally left England in 410 CE as the Roman Empire was collapsing
  • 10. Then the West Germanic tribes arrived to England
    The Angles
    The Saxons
    The Jutes
    The Frisians
    These tribes spoke Anglo-Saxon or Old English.
    This language is similar to modern Frisian
    Today approximately 400,000 people speak Frisian
    =( The Celts moved north leaving the main area of Britain =(
  • 11. Later (850 CE) the Vikings came and brought with them their North Germanic language influence
    Words: WATER & BOOK
  • 12. Middle English (1066 - 1500 CE)
    The Norman Conquest
    French-speaking William, Duke of Normandy
    Old English began to change with the influence of the new French speaking Norman aristocracy
    New vocabulary:
    Beef, pork, and veal = cow, pig, and calf
    French English
  • 13. Early Modern English (1500 - 1650/1700 CE)
    The Renaissance – Revival of scholarship: Greek and Latin classics
    William Shakespeare – 3000 Latin based words
    Age of Exploration and discoveries:
    Products from the New World: Tobacco, Chocolate, Potato
    King James Bible – 1st Book printed in English
    William Claxton –The Press
    These printed materials helped to standardize the language
    GRAMMAR AND SPELLING!
  • 14. Late Modern English(1800 to 2010)
    Rise of technology
    Industrial revolution - nuclear, airplane, horsepower
    Internet
    Growth of the British empire and current expansion of the American influence on the world
    Neologisms from other languages:
    Shampoo and pajamas
    Canyon and Ranch
    Hamburger and Rocket
  • 15. Due to all these factors, the modern English language is very rich and flexible!
    (VARIOUS RULES: CONFUSING!!! in spelling and pronunciation)
    The English language is spoken by 750 million people
    English is an official language in:
    England, Canada, Australia and New Zealand and the United States.