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The History of the English Language
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The History of the English Language

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A brief history of the English language

A brief history of the English language

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  • 1. The History of the English Language Source: A History of English by Barbara A. Fennell
  • 2. Where did English come from? English is a member of the Indo-European family of languages
  • 3. Latin and the modern Latin languages •Germanic languages •Indo-Iranian languages •Slavic languages •Baltic languages •Celtic Languages •Greek
  • 4. What are its origins?
  • 5. Old English or Anglo-Saxon (449 - 1066 CE) The Romans finally left England in 410 CE as the Roman Empire was collapsing The Celts lived in England when the Romans invaded.
  • 6. Then the West Germanic tribes arrived to England The Angles The Saxons The Jutes The Frisians – These tribes spoke Anglo-Saxon or Old English. – This language is similar to modern Frisian – Today approximately 400,000 people speak Frisian =( The Celts moved north leaving the main area of Britain =(
  • 7. Later (850 CE) the Vikings came and brought with them their North Germanic language influence Words: WATER & BOOK
  • 8. • The Norman Conquest French-speaking William, Duke of Normandy • Old English began to change with the influence of the new French speaking Norman aristocracy • New vocabulary: Beef, pork, and veal = cow, pig, and calf French English Middle English (1066 - 1500 CE)
  • 9. Early Modern English (1500 - 1650/1700 CE) • The Renaissance – Revival of scholarship: Greek and Latin classics • William Shakespeare – 3000 Latin based words • Age of Exploration and discoveries: – Products from the New World: Tobacco, Chocolate, Potato • King James Bible – 1st Book printed in English • William Claxton –The Press These printed materials helped to standardize the language GRAMMAR AND SPELLING!
  • 10. Late Modern English (1800 to 2010) • Rise of technology – Industrial revolution - nuclear, airplane, horsepower – Internet • Growth of the British empire and current expansion of the American influence on the world – Neologisms from other languages: Shampoo and pajamas Canyon and Ranch Hamburger and Rocket
  • 11. Due to all these factors, the modern English language is very rich and flexible! (VARIOUS RULES: CONFUSING!!! in spelling and pronunciation) The English language is spoken by 750 million people English is an official language in: England, Canada, Australia and New Zealand and the United States.