Group I Foundation of Literaturearranged by:Audrey Yusi Anggraeni 0909053Fira Nursya’bani 0906856Luciyana Dwiningrum 0902428Riestia Handayani 0902434Class : 2B2English DepartmentFaculty of Language and Fine Art EducationIndonesia University of Education
Old English Period Old English or Anglo-Saxon is an earliest form of the English language that was spoken and written in parts of what are now England and South-Eastern Scotland between 5th century and 12th century. It is a West Germanic language. It also experienced heavy influenced from a member of the related North Germanic group of languages. Old English was not static and its usage covered a period of approximately 700 years from the Anglo-Saxon
4 Major Manuscripts• The Junius Manuscript, also known as the Caedmon manuscript, which is an illustrated poetic anthology.• The Exeter Book, also an anthology, located in the Exeter Cathedral since it was donated there in the 11th century.• The Vercelli Book, a mix of poetry and prose; how it came to be in Vercelli, Italy, no one knows, and is a
3 Notable Periods Latin Influence• The first occurred before the ancestral Saxons left continental Europe for Britain.• The second began when the Anglo- Saxons were converted to Christianity and Latin speaking priests became widespread.• The third and largest single transfer of Latin-based words happened after the Norman Conquest of 1066, when an enormous number of Norman words began to influence the
Middle English PeriodMiddle English was used between the late 11thCentury and about 1470, when the ChanceryStandard, a form of London-basedEnglish, began to become widespread, a processaided by the introduction of the printing pressto England by William Caxton in the late 1470s.That is the name given by historical linguist tothe many forms of the English language. Thevariant of the Northumbrian dialect spoken insoutheast Scotland was developing into theScots language. The language of England as usedup to 1650, is known as Early Modern English.
The 12th to 14th CenturiesIt was also a literary language in England, the languageof poets such as Chaucer and Langland, from the 12th tothe 14th centuries, alongside Anglo-Norman and Latin. Inthe later 14th century, Chancery Standard (or LondonEnglish) — a phenomenon produced by the increase ofbureaucracy in London, and the concomitant increase inLondon literary output —introduced a greaterconformity in English spelling. Although the fame ofMiddle English literature tends to derive principallyfrom the later 14th century, with the works of GeoffreyChaucer and of John Gower, a substantial body ofliterature survives from throughout the Middle Englishperiod. Early Middle English (1100-1300) has a largelyAnglo-Saxon vocabulary (in the North, with many Norseborrowings).
ConstructionWith its simplified case-endingsystem, the grammar of MiddleEnglish is much closer to that ofmodern English than that of OldEnglish. Compared to otherGermanic languages, it is probablymost similar to that of modernDutch.
Chancery StandardChancery Standard was a writtenform of English used bygovernment bureaucracy and forother official purposes from thelate 15th century.The Chancery Standard wasdeveloped during the reign of KingHenry V (1413 to 1422) in response tohis order for his chancery(government officials) to use, like