Grameen SaharaIn Support of Sustainable Livelihoods Kulshi Road, Chaygaon, Kamrup, Assam-781 124, INDIA
About Grameen Sahara- An organization in support of sustainable livelihoods, registered as a society under the Societies registration Act 1860 in the state of Assam, on 12th February 2002. This is a grass root NGO involved in microfinance and livelihood support services; Promoting eri-sericulture livelihood based is a domain livelihood intervention. Works for microfinance & livelihood sectoral development in the Northeastern Region in India;
VisionVision of GRAMEEN SAHARA is to improve quality of life ofthe poor and disadvantaged people in rural, semi-urban and urbanareas through development and livelihood promotion and support.
MissionMission of Grameen Sahara is to promote a large number of sustainablelivelihoods for the poor and women from rural, semi urban and urbanareas through provision of financial services, Technical assistance andother support services in an integrated manner.
Projects1. Microfinance Services (GSmF Services)….to provide micro- financial services to the un-served and underserved………………......................................................2. Golden Weavers Project(GSGW Project)……………………… ….to organize the poor women to take up eri-sericulture related work as a dependable livelihood activity and thereby increasing the standards of living………………………………3. Centre for Micro Finance and Livelihood (CML)…an Endeavour to work for sectoral development……integration of micro-finance with livelihoods…………………………….4. System of Rice Intensification (SRI)……a project to increase productivity with less input supplies…more environment friendly way……………………………………………………………………5. Diversion Based Irrigation…..provided irrigation to farmers from 9 villages in Kamrup district
Status of the projects other than DBIMicrofinance Service: Golden Weavers’ Project:Number of borrowers: 13000 Number of Producers: ~2600Portfolio: Rs.883.00 lacs. Villages: 58 villagesPAR>30: 0.57% Transforming to Producers’ CompanyDistricts : 3Village: 406DBI project: SRI Project:Villages: 9 District: 2District: 1 Farmers: 853Block: 1 Block: 7Farmers: 451 Village: 86CML Project:
Diversion Based Irrigation (DBI) Project supported by JTT, Mumbai Project review Dated: 8.01.2011GRAMEEN SAHARA CHAYGAON, KAMRUP, ASSAM-781124
Difference between head and the discharge point The scheme can be revived but the followings are some of the Kulsi river in Kamrup District recommendations:- River bed Existing Canal bed Left bank Paddy fields Desired Canal The canal has to be deepened around 1.5 5 meter on an average and through 4.5 Kms 4.5 length; 4 3.5 The canal will need maintenance at 3 certain interval; 2.5 Water user groups have to be strong 2 enough to take care of the canal; 1.5 1 Looking into the recurring nature 0.5 government scheme could be leveraged. 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
Objective of the proposed project: To provide irrigation facilities to 9 number of villages covering around 500 small and marginal farmers; To increase the production by 1.5 times in the targeted area without adding cost to the farmers; To make the farm land suitable for other crops as well; To increase food security for the farm families; To create awareness about SRI and get the system adopted by the farmers;
Primary Beneficiaries of the project: Marginal farmers from 9 villages will be the primary beneficiaries. The target farmers belong to OBC, Rabha, and General caste Community largest being the OBC community.
Base line indicators: Production of rice is 720 Kgs per crop per acre before project initiation. Normally single crop adaptation is in practice. For demonstration we have got only one farmer adopted SRI and there will be more farmers adopting SRI in the project cite; There is no water user group and the groups formed will be in existence to take up maintenance activities; Around 50% farmers have less than sufficient food grain production from his agricultural land during the year and the provision of water will increase the food sufficiency level; Increase in production will be an indicator for the project;
Excavation worksThe excavation of this channel startedon 9th April 2009 in Balijuri village ofChhaygaon. In the excavation processtotal of 350 labours have worked for 29days. The work started on 9th April2009 till 8th May 2009. In our projectwe have engaged locally availablelabours without using any machineryexcavation. We believe that since thisproject is for the benefit for thecommon people so local labours andpeople should be engaged in thisprocess. So that it can help them earntheir livelihood.
Expected outcomes As mentioned in the objectives of the project the expected outcomes are- 500 marginal farmers will be benefited by increased rice production will have increased food security (Intensively 100 farmers and 400 more will get natural benefits) Fair distribution of water among all the farmers for better productivity Adoption of scientific practice when water supply will be assured Increase in production to at least 1.5 times SRI practice will be adopted by the farmers Water will be available for drinking for domestic animals
Formation of water user groupsSl. Name of the group Village No. of membersNo. 1 Balijuri WUG Balijuri 5 2 Duliagaon WUG Duliagaon 5 3 Pubdhuli WUG Pubdhuli 5 4 Pacchimdhuli WUG Pacchimdhuli 5 5 Balasiddhi WUG Balasiddhi 5 6 Bakarapara WUG Bakarapara 5 7 Nathpara WUG Nathpara 5 8 Dubjeni WUG Dubjeni 5 9 Takaradia WUG Takaradia 5
Plantation Plantation was a part of the project in both the sides of the canal; Fruit bearing plants were planted throughout the canal of 4.5 Km distance; In this process we have involved the local people and the school children so to give them awareness about the benefit of plantation. Several school have participated in this program. Some understanding and awareness increased in the process in case of the children about global warming as well as soil conservation. However it was a failure as people do not want them to grow with a worry of more shades on their rice plant. Secondly , animals are left free after harvesting and it was really difficult to save the plants and we failed miserably
Agricultural intervention Introduction of group farming has been successful. In Amtala and Jiyakur village farmers have jointly cultivated Rabi crop (Potato) and have got 90 quintals at the time of harvest. Mustard was another crop adopted by the a group of farmers. So, in a sense multi cropping system was introduced. Beneficiaries have also been linked to credit facility under this project for agricultural purpose.
Other supports: Water pump provided in collaboration with the Government department; Trained Government officials on SRI; Tried to make banana cultivation Popular; two groups adopted banana cultivation; Farmers got interested to do group farming at Jiyakur village
Regional level workshop on BDI in collaboration with PRADAN Workshop on Diversion Based Irrigation for SDTT partners form various states
Organizing awareness & training Various training programs were organized at different villages in the project areas, Exposure programs were organized for farmers from other villages
Achievements: Coverage Number of villages covered- 9 Total number of household covered- 520 Total number of beneficiaries- 415 Total number of area covered (Acres) 373 Total number of farmers that had adopted SRI (1st year)- 150 (2nd year)- 177 Increase in production- 1.3 times
Achievements 103 marginal farmers have been benefited by increased rice production. Fair distribution of water among the farmers for better productivity. Adoption of scientific practice (SRI) by the farmers. Water is available for drinking for domestic animals. Government has brought this canal under MGNREGA. (Rs.19.80 Lacs. Earth work-Rs.9.27 Lacs, Rs.4.27 Lacs bolder pitching, Approach road & culvert Rs.6.26 Lacs for a total distance of 3200 meters)
Future road SL. Name of Name of Total POPULATION BPL No the Block the House Village Hold S C S T Others Total Hold er 1 Chhaygao Balijuri 87 175 35 200 40 n 2 Chhaygao Patgaon 125 400 100 500 97 n 3 Chhaygao Kharkhar 110 300 30 330 80 n i
Name of the Village:-Balijuri GP/Block:-Chhaygaon Name of the source from where water is to be diverted:-Santi nijara Distance of the source from command area:- 600 metres (Pipe to be laid) Flow of water: - 15 LPS Total household to be covered:-125 Total command area (Paddy):- 15 acres Total command area (Kitchen Garden):- 4 acre
Name of the Village:-Patgaon GP/Block:-Chhaygaon Name of the source from where water is to be diverted: Un named Distance of the source from command area:- 950 metres (Pipe to be laid) Flow of water: - 15 LPS Total household to be covered:-86 Total command area (Paddy):- 50 acres Total command area (Kitchen Garden):- 5 acre
Name of the Village:- Kharkhari GP/Block:-Chhaygaon Name of the source from where water is to be diverted:-kharkhari jharna Distance of the source from command area: - 550 metres (Pipe to be laid) Flow of water: - 7 LPS Total household to be covered:-110 Total command area (Paddy):- 12 acres
Challenges Major problem is leaving animals free after paddy harvest; Water does not flow during winter; Siltation is a major problem so recurring maintenance is essential; Farmers are with very very much with traditional practice and there is no concept in multi-cropping practice; Over all interest of farmers in agriculture is decreasing so it is really challenging as to how to create good farmers.
Thank You S. C. Das. (M) +91-9864983524.Grameen Sahara, Assam.