Jharkhand:A proposal for Village development( kanchiVillage). Dr. V.P.Sharma


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Jharkhand:A proposal for Village development( kanchiVillage). Dr. V.P.Sharma

  1. 1. Presentation on Village Kanchi, Jharkhand NIRD 23/11/2012 Dr. V.P.Sharma
  2. 2. Preliminary observations on status of the village Kanchi: The village Kanchi is located along the river Kanchi approximately two kilometer west of the national highway. It is situated at a distance of nearly 45 kms from Ranchi and lies west of NH 33. The geographical area of the village is 531.88 hectares that include cultivable as well as forest land. The village is a mix of various communities belonging to ST/ SC and OBC such as Mundas, Lohras, Swansies and Sahus. The majority of population is of tribal in the village with 116 households belonging to them. The soil is fertile and agriculture is the main occupation of inhabitants. The river Kanchi flows in the south of the village and dries up during summer thus, people depend on monsoon rain for cultivation. Village Heth Kanchi is a adjoining village with 750 acres of land area and also has the advantage of forest thouh not very dense.
  3. 3. The project purpose will be To create awareness among villagers about developmental programmes- followed by capacity building of the community for stabilizing paddy cultivation, in the project area so as to enable them to manage their water resources in a sustainable manner for better quality of life. The initial aim of the project will be to help villagers in making them aware about how to improve the moisture status during the main crop (Paddy / Kharif) season and improvements during the second crop (Rabi) through decentralized water resource development. An interface with concerned department of GoJ and villagers to be organized as initial step. Purpose
  4. 4. Objectives: To create awareness among villagers 1) To tap the available water resources in and around the villages for proper utilization through construction of new facilities and renovation of existing ones. 2) To achieve sustainable improvement in Livelihood through: •Stabilizing of Kharif Paddy. •Intensification of Paddy. •Additional livelihood promotion through capacity building of villagers to take up initiatives in fishery, vegetable cultivation, animal husbandry etc. •Upland treatment with horticulture.
  5. 5. Proposed Approach: 1. It will be a process-oriented approach and not the target oriented approach to development in project area. 2. To achieve sustainability for an increased accent on building local capacities (Men & Women) in a range of skills (Technical & Managerial). 3. Indigenous land and water conservation measures which communities have been implementing will be taken up as entry point for land and water activities so that tribal and rural farmers may identify with them and not regard them as programme sponsored activity and a source of short term wages. 4. Irrigation is an attractive and visible activity so special attention will be paid to ensure that water management practices provide equitable supply of water to all beneficiaries. 5. Flexibility in programme design will be allowed to include all persons utilizing the resources at a particular catchment than watershed based tight boundaries. 6. Leadership skills and group dynamics.
  6. 6. Leadership skills and group dynamics Grass root organisation Membership Activity Village Gram Sabha/ Village Development Committee (VDC) Selected member to be nominated by Gram Sabha Participatory democracy to set development priorities & draw out Village Development Plan Self Help Groups Small homogenous groups, especially of disadvantaged women/ men Simple collective action including land and non-land based activities Water user group for water resource management Water user farmers of the village Collective action for water resource management and development of paddy cultivation.
  7. 7. Monitoring and Evaluation The proposal is innovative and builds on action, learning, Close monitoring and supervision by block and district administration would be required for its success. To facilities such process a monitoring cell would be established at the Panchayat or block level. Members of Steering committee / Advisory committee will be nominated for monitoring.