Jharkhand:A proposal for Village development( kanchiVillage). Dr. V.P.Sharma
Village Kanchi, Jharkhand
Preliminary observations on status of the village Kanchi:
The village Kanchi is located along the river Kanchi approximately
two kilometer west of the national highway. It is situated at a
distance of nearly 45 kms from Ranchi and lies west of NH 33. The
geographical area of the village is 531.88 hectares that include
cultivable as well as forest land. The village is a mix of various
communities belonging to ST/ SC and OBC such as Mundas,
Lohras, Swansies and Sahus. The majority of population is of tribal
in the village with 116 households belonging to them.
The soil is fertile and agriculture is the main occupation of
inhabitants. The river Kanchi flows in the south of the village and
dries up during summer thus, people depend on monsoon rain for
cultivation. Village Heth Kanchi is a adjoining village with 750
acres of land area and also has the advantage of forest thouh not
The project purpose will be To create awareness
among villagers about developmental programmes-
followed by capacity building of the community for
stabilizing paddy cultivation, in the project area so as to
enable them to manage their water resources in a
sustainable manner for better quality of life.
The initial aim of the project will be to help villagers in
making them aware about how to improve the moisture
status during the main crop (Paddy / Kharif) season and
improvements during the second crop (Rabi) through
decentralized water resource development. An interface
with concerned department of GoJ and villagers to be
organized as initial step.
Objectives: To create awareness among villagers
1) To tap the available water resources in and around the
villages for proper utilization through construction of new
facilities and renovation of existing ones.
2) To achieve sustainable improvement in Livelihood
•Stabilizing of Kharif Paddy.
•Intensification of Paddy.
•Additional livelihood promotion through capacity building
of villagers to take up initiatives in fishery, vegetable
cultivation, animal husbandry etc.
•Upland treatment with horticulture.
1. It will be a process-oriented approach and not the target oriented
approach to development in project area.
2. To achieve sustainability for an increased accent on building local
capacities (Men & Women) in a range of skills (Technical & Managerial).
3. Indigenous land and water conservation measures which
communities have been implementing will be taken up as entry point for
land and water activities so that tribal and rural farmers may identify
with them and not regard them as programme sponsored activity
and a source of short term wages.
4. Irrigation is an attractive and visible activity so special attention
will be paid to ensure that water management practices provide equitable
supply of water to all beneficiaries.
5. Flexibility in programme design will be allowed to include all
persons utilizing the resources at a particular catchment than
watershed based tight boundaries.
6. Leadership skills and group dynamics.
Leadership skills and group dynamics
Grass root organisation Membership Activity
Village Gram Sabha/ Village
Development Committee (VDC)
Selected member to be
nominated by Gram Sabha
Participatory democracy to set
development priorities & draw
out Village Development Plan
Self Help Groups Small homogenous groups,
especially of disadvantaged
Simple collective action
including land and non-land
Water user group for water
Water user farmers of the
Collective action for water
resource management and
development of paddy
Monitoring and Evaluation
The proposal is innovative and builds on action,
learning, Close monitoring and supervision by
block and district administration would be
required for its success.
To facilities such process a monitoring cell
would be established at the Panchayat or block
Members of Steering committee / Advisory
committee will be nominated for monitoring.