Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK
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Slides for a talk on "Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK" given by Brian Kelly, Cetis at the Eduwiki 2014 conference in Belgrade, Serbia on 24 March 2014. ...

Slides for a talk on "Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK" given by Brian Kelly, Cetis at the Eduwiki 2014 conference in Belgrade, Serbia on 24 March 2014.

Note that due to the talk being limited to 15 minutes rather than the 45 minutes originally expected only a summary version of these slides was presented,
For further information see http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/eduwiki-serbia-2014/

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  • I’d welcome questions and comments. Note that I’ve published a blog post on which can be used for questions.Thank you.
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Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK Presentation Transcript

  • Presentation by Brian Kelly, UKOLN on 25 October 2012 for an Open Access Week event at the University of Exeter 1 Talk by Brian Kelly, Cetis on 24 March 2014 at the Wikimedia Serbia Eduwiki conference Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK Event hashtag: #eduwikisr
  • Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK Brian Kelly Innovation Advocate Cetis University of Bolton Bolton, UK Contact Details Email: ukwebfocus@gmail.com Twitter: @briankelly Cetis Web site: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ Blog: http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/ Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/eduwiki-serbia-2014/ Event hashtag: #eduwikisr
  • 3 3 You are free to: copy, share, adapt, or re-mix; photograph, film, or broadcast; blog, live-blog, or post video of this presentation provided that: You attribute the work to its author and respect the rights and licences associated with its components. Idea from Cameron Neylon Slide Concept by Cameron Neylon, who has waived all copyright and related or neighbouring rights. This slide only CCZero. Social Media Icons adapted with permission from originals by Christopher Ross. Original images are available under GPL at: http://www.thisismyurl.com/free-downloads/15-free-speech-bubble-icons-for-popular-websites Source cited!
  • Contents About Me • Involvement with the Web • Open approaches • Involvement with Wikipedia Wikipedia and higher education: activities in the UK • Eduwiki 2013: Two case studies • Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador Looking To The Future • Wikimania 2014 • Conclusions 4 Introduction Short talk Short talk Short talk Short talk http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/2014/03/10/
  • About Me Brian Kelly: • Innovation Advocate at Cetis, University of Bolton • Formerly UK Web Focus at UKOLN, University of Bath • Prolific blogger (1,250+ posts since Nov 2006) • User of various devices to support professional (and social) activities Involvement in Wikipedia and Wikimedia UK: • Created first article in 2004 • Involved in Wikipedia training and Edit-a-thons since 2013 • Combining interests e.g. blog posts about Wikipedia; use of Twitter to support Wikipedia work Introduction 5
  • Slow Acceptance of Value of WP Growing acceptance of value of WP in HE in UK: 2004 Created Wikipedia article (hobby). Realised value of (a) simple content creation & (b) crowd-sourcing content 2006-~11 Wikipedia not regarded as relevant in higher education [lack of citations = evidence ] 2012- Wikipedia slowly becomes more accepted as relevant in teaching & learning / research: • EduWiki 2012 • Various edit-a-thons WP editing sessions at: • SpotOn 2013 (was Science Online) • LILAC 2014 (information literacy) 6 Openness But still a niche area, with events highlighted because of rarity value
  • Evidence of Slow Take-up LILAC (Librarians’ Information Literacy Annual Conference): • LILAC 2014 hosts Wikipedia sessions (for 1st time?) • Paper in strand on “innovative approaches to Information Literacy”  “Wikipedia: it’s not the evil elephant in the library reading room”, Andrew Gray and Nancy Graham  “support and use of Wikipedia amongst educators and librarians has been a source of controversy partly due to the ever changing content and apparent lack of editorial control.” • Hands-on session on “Improving the Information Literacy entry on Wikipedia: LILAC’s first edit-a-thon!” 7
  • Eduwiki (UK) 2013 Eduwiki conference: • Held in Cardiff on 1-2 Dec 2013 • Second EduWiki UK conference Covered: • Welsh language issues • Case studies from higher education and schools • Research perspectives • Workshop sessions • Broader considerations 8
  • Two Case Studies Summary of two case studies presented at EduWiki 2013: • Safe Use of Wikipedia in the Transition from School to University, Lisa Anderson and Nancy Graham, University of Birmingham • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages, Humphrey Southall, University of Portsmouth 9 EduWiki2013
  • Outreach work by University of Birmingham Library • Demonstrate information literacy approaches to school pupils • Students surprised that Wikipedia was shown 10
  • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages This was the assignment (see “Telling the stories of rural England with Wikipedia” ) 11 Humphrey Southall at EduWiki conference EduWiki2013
  • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages 12 Notice how Neutral Point of View principle was addressed EduWiki2013
  • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages 13 Note activities for (a) Wikipedia familiarisation & (b) research and learning about (c) community aspects; (d) citation; (e) creation of article for submission EduWiki2013
  • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Students verify NPOV; relevance of article; it is able to be edited and it is not currently being edited 14 EduWiki2013
  • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Example of article chosen for updating by student 15 EduWiki2013
  • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Article after updating 16 EduWiki2013
  • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Students learn about researching and citations 17 EduWiki2013
  • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Student work is publicly visible (and often easily found) 18 EduWiki2013 Short talk
  • After the Presentations 19 “Partly as a result of the Cardiff meeting we now have a course page within Wikipedia”
  • Education notice board now available (but does it scale?) 20
  • Tensions highlighted between student use of Wikipedia and administrators who delete new content 21
  • Outreach work by Uni of Birmingham Library • Demonstrate information literacy approaches to school pupils • Surprise that Wikipedia was shown 22 Discussion: “Live edit a Wikipedia entry – highlight how quickly edits are corrected” But should pages be ‘vandalised’ in order to demonstrate how the community fixes such vandalism? Highlighted need to address best practices for those who teach use of Wikipedia.
  • 23 Other Discussions At EduWiki 2013: • Delegates encouraged to use #eduwiki Twitter hashtag • Tweets archived using Twubs archiving tool See http://twubs.com/eduwiki • Identify the community Tools such as Twubs can help: • Archive content of interest Wikipedia = content+ community
  • Curating Discussions Storify used to curate tweets: • Inappropriate tweets removed • Can provide collective memory about event • Ensures links shared are accessible after event 24 Tweeting at Wikipedia events: • Aligned with WP approaches in openness and crowd-sourcing content • Engage with new audiences • Archives can be useful resource (e.g. evaluation)
  • Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador Funding support by funding body: • Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador post • July 2013 - March 2014 Deliverables: • Blog (shown) • Workshops • Edit-a-thons • Monthly reports • “Infokit” 25
  • Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador post Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador post 26 JiscWikimdiaAmbassador
  • Jisc Inform “Ten ways educators can use Wikipedia” article published in Jisc Inform (March 2014): 1. Discuss and review 2. Question the policies 3. Look beyond the English language 4. Look under the bonnet 5. Look beyond Wikipedia 6. Create customised books 7. Make changes 8. Share and improve 9. Ask for help 10. Take and use 27 Simple, brief summaries of ways in which Wikipedia can be used. May be read by policy makers.
  • Looking Into The Future Wikimania 2014 28 TheFuture
  • Wikimania 2014 Key themes: • Overcoming friction: “librarians and educators are starting to teach students how they can use Wikipedia effectively. Like any other encyclopaedia, students are being shown how to use the site to find the helpful links to primary and secondary sources that are precisely the material students should be citing in their research” • Knowledge is produced, not consumed: “Instead of being passive receivers of information, students become the creators and curators of knowledge. Wikipedia becomes an opportunity, not a threat, to formal education, and the educators' role becomes facilitating a shift from simply teaching answers, to teaching how to ask questions” 29 TheFuture Short talk
  • Responding to the Themes How might we respond to these themes? • Encouraging use of advanced Wikimedia projects And/or supporting crowd-sourcing: • Promoting better understanding of relevance of Wikipedia in education • Promoting Wikipedia editing by ensuring there are well-trained trainers • Maximising the pool of potential contributors Within the context of: • An Education Strategy • The WMUK Strategic Goals 30 TheFuture Short talk
  • PastPlace xx 31
  • Crowd-sourcing Crowd-sourcing on Wikipedia 32
  • Challenges Challenges facing Wikipedia 33 Wikipedia’s community built a system and resource unique in the history of civilization. It proved a worthy, perhaps fatal, match for conventional ways of building encyclopedias. But that community also constructed barriers that deter the newcomers needed to finish the job. Perhaps it was too much to expect that a crowd of Internet strangers would truly democratize knowledge. Today’s Wikipedia, even with its middling quality and poor representation of the world’s diversity, could be the best encyclopedia we will get.
  • Jisc Infokit 34 The Jisc ‘Infokit’: “draws out some lessons from the most visibly successful crowdsourcing projects that support education and research, including Wikipedia” “suggests ways in which those institutions and projects can benefit from working with Wikipedia and the wider Wikimedia community.” http://www.jiscinfonet.ac.uk/infokits/crowdsourcing/
  • Training the Trainer WMUK Training the Trainer course 35
  • Training the Trainer WMUK Training the Trainer course 36
  • Missing Females Context: • “It is thought that only around one in 10 of its editors are female” • “Many female scientists are either not there at all on Wikipedia or just [have] stubs” Dame Athene Donald, fellow of the Royal Society & Experimental Physics Professor at Cambridge University 37 Addressing the imbalance: • Women in Science Wikipedia Edit-a-thon, 4 March 2014 • Women's Art Practices editing event, 8 March 2014 • Women Archaeologists editing event, 8 March 2014 • Scottish Women in Contemporary Art Edit-a-thon, 13 March 2014 • Scottish Women in Computing Edit-a-thon, 21 March 2014
  • Accessibility Challenges (1) Accessibility challenges include need to improve: • Mediawiki as an authoring tool • Wikipedia apps as viewing tools And to improve Wikipedia content: • Images have meaningful alt text; content is linearisable; etc. • Content meaningful to people with disabilities (e.g. learning disabilities) 38 https://wikimedia.org.uk/wiki/Accessibility_of_the_Wikimedia_UK_website See proposed Accessibility of the Wikimedia UK website project
  • Accessibility Challenges (2) Accessibility challenges include need for more: • Content about disabilities This will be helped by: • Edit-a-thons will participants who have disabilities which needs: • Accessible tools • Trainers who can support the contributors • Understanding of diversity of options held by disability researchers 39See WikiProject Disability project http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Disability
  • WMUK Education Strategy WMUK Education Strategy 40
  • WMUK Education Strategy WMUK Education Strategy 41
  • WMUK Strategic Goals WMUK Strategic Goals 42 https://wikimedia.org.uk/wiki/Strategic_goals
  • Conclusions To summarise: • Eduwiki (UK) 2013: examples of emerging practices for consuming & creating WP content • Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador: example of recognition of value of WP from funding body • Wikimania 2014: focus on Future of education Need to go beyond early mainstream adopters: • Promote examples of use of WM beyond WP • Provide training the trainers • Development of educational strategy • 5 year plan for implementation of WMUK’s Strategic Goals 43
  • ANY QUESTIONS? Cartoon 44
  • Questions? Any questions, comments, …? 45 Continue the discussion: blog post about this presentation linked in from http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/eduwiki-serbia-2014/
  • This presentation, “Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK” by Brian Kelly, Cetis is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence Note the licence covers most of the text in this presentation. Quotations may have other licence conditions. Images may have other licence conditions. Where possible links are provided to the source of images so that licence conditions can be found. 46 Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/eduwiki-serbia-2014/ Licence and Additional Resources