History Revision (Second World War to Cold War)
Fill in the blank.
1. After the First World War, Germany signed the _Treat...
5. Which of the following statement describe the policy of Hitler toward the Jews?
(1) He believed the German superiority,...
Chronology
Collective Security
A. Dawes Plan       B. Briand-Kellogg Pact       C. Young Plan        D. Locarno Treaty
E. ...
Long Question
Define totalitarianism
    1. One-man and one party dictatorship
    2. Absolutely obey to leaders
    3. An...
Data-based Question
1. Read the following passage and answer the questions.
Struggle is necessary and peace is nonsense. O...
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F3 HISTORY History Revision (Second World War to Cold War)الحرب العالمية الثانية الى حرب باردة

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F3 HISTORY History Revision (Second World War to Cold War)الحرب العالمية الثانية الى حرب باردة

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F3 HISTORY History Revision (Second World War to Cold War)الحرب العالمية الثانية الى حرب باردة

  1. 1. History Revision (Second World War to Cold War) Fill in the blank. 1. After the First World War, Germany signed the _Treaty of Versailles_, _Kaiser William II_ abdicated. 2. America adopted the _Isolation Policy_ by her refusal to join the _League of Nations_ in 1920. 3. _Romanov Dynasty_ was overthrown in the October Revolution, she became the first _communist_ state. 4. _Great Depression_ was happened in 1929, as more and more Americans speculated on the stock market to gain more profits, but the price suddenly crashed. 5. _Totalitarianism_ is a type of dictatorial government. The dictator had dictatorial power by banning all political parties, ruled with an _ideology_ and adopted an _expansionist/ aggressive foreign_ policy.The examples are _Fascism_ in Italy, _Nazism_ in Germany and _militarism_ in Japan. 6. _Appeasement Policy_ is the policy first adopted by Chamberlain of Britain in 1938 to give Hitler what he wanted in order to prevent war. 7. In 1919, _Mussolini_ set up the Fascist Party to gain power, Fascism came from an ancient Latin word _fasces_, which is an axe tied with rods. 8. _Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis_ was formed by Germany, Italy and Japan. They planned to take over the world: Japan would take_Asia_, Germany and Italy would take _Europe_ and _Africa_. 9. Hitler signed the _Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact_ with Soviet Russia, but he broke the pact later. 10. Japan attacked the _Peral Harbour_, American government declared the war on Japan. 11. _Battle of Midway_ marked the turning point of Second World War. 12. The nation of the world decided to set up _United Nations_ to replace League of Nation. 13. Most of the colonies got independence after the Second World War. It is the process of _Decolonization_. 14. Cold War lasted _45_ years (from 1946-1991), it was the ideologiccal confrontation between _capitalistic_ bloc and _communist_ bloc. Multiple Choice 1. Who was the successor of Lenin in 1924? A. Mussolini B. Hitler C. Stalin D. Theodore Roosevelt 2. Which of the following items are the similarities of Fascism in Italy, Nazism in Germany and Militarism in Japan? 1. Both them used the violent to suppress the opposition. 2. Both them generated from the political instability and unemployment problem. 3. Both them decided to expand the territories. 4. Both them wanted to settle the disputes with the other countries by peaceful method. A. 1,2 B. 2,3 C.1,2,3 D. All 3. When did Mussolini march on Rome with 50000 Fascists? A. 1921 B. 1922 C. 1923 D. 1924 4. The following picture wanted to express the message of __ 打到支那去-支那:China A. The rise of appeasement policy led to the German invasion in Poland. B. The rise of Nazism led to the Second Sino-Japanese War. C. The rise of Fascism led to the Second Sino-Japanese War. D. The rise of militarism led to the Second Sino-Japanese War.
  2. 2. 5. Which of the following statement describe the policy of Hitler toward the Jews? (1) He believed the German superiority, and Genocide is a policy of killing Jews. (2) Six million Jews were killed. (3) He co-operated with Jews. A. 1 B. 2 C.1,2 D. All 6. Which of the following places had been occupied by Hitler before the Second World War? 1. Czechosolovakia 2. Manchuria 3. Rhineland 4. Poland A. 1,2,3 B. 2,3,4 C. 1,3,4 D. All 7. Which of the following reasons explained the adoption of appeasement policy in interwar period? 1. Fear of Communism 2. Effect of Great Depression 3. Weakness of League of Nations 4. Fear of the total war A. 1,2,3 B. 2,3,4 C. 1,3,4 D. All 8. Why did Hitler seize the power successfully during the interwar period? 1. Discontented with the Treaty of Versailles 2. Weaknesses of the parliamentary government 3. Weaknesses of the American government 4. Effect of the Great Depression 5. His excellent oratic skill A. 1,2,3,4 B. 2,3,4,5 C. 1,2,4,5 D. 1,3,4,5 9. After the Second World War, Germany was divided into ___zones. A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 10. American government dropped an atomic bomb on ____ and ____ in 1945. A. Manchuria…..Nanjing Berlin….London C. Hiroshima…Nagasaki Hawaii….Sicily 11. United Nations is in ….. A. Geneva B. San Francisco C. Los Angeles D. New York 12. The feature of Cold War were: The two superpowers used propaganda to accuse each other. The two superpowers tried to build more deadly weapons. The two superpowers co-operated each other in early period. The two superpowers helped small nations in order to increase their influence in the world. A. 1,2,3 B. 1,2,4 C. 2,3,4 D. 1,3,4
  3. 3. Chronology Collective Security A. Dawes Plan B. Briand-Kellogg Pact C. Young Plan D. Locarno Treaty E. Washington Conference F. Setting up of League of Nations G. Disarmament Conference H. Genoa Conference F E H A D B C G Setting up of League of Nations (1919) Washington Conference (1921) Genoa Conference (1922) Dawes Plan (1924) Locarno Treaty (1925) Briand-Kellogg Pact (1928) Young Plan (1929) Disarmament Conference (1930) Japanese Invasion A. Withdrawal of League of Nations B. Occupation of Manchuria C. Marco Polo Incident D. Manchurian Incident E. Anti-Comintern Pact with Germany D B A E C Manchurian Incident (1931) Occupation of Manchuria (1932) Withdrawal of League of Nations Anti-Comintern Pact with Germany (1936) Marco Polo Incident (1937) Italian Invasion A. USSR-Italy Non-Aggression Pact B. Locarno Treaty C. Corfu Incident D. Spanish Civil War E. Munich Conference F. Abyssinian Incident and withdrawal of League of Nations C B A F D E Corfu Incident (1923) Locarno Treaty (1925) USSR-Italy non-aggression Pact (1933) Abyssinian Incident and withdrawal of LN (1935) Spanish Civil War, Berlin-Rome Axis (1936) Munich Conference (1938) German Invasion A. Reintroduction of Conscription B. Spanish Civil War, remilitarised Rhineland and Berlin Rome Axis C. Withdrawal of Disarmament Conference and League of Nations D. Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact E. Munich Conference and Occupation of Sudetenland F. Invasion of Poland C A B E D F Withdrawal of Disarmament Conference and withdrawal of LN (1930) Reintroduction of conscription (1935) Spanish Civil War, remilitarized Rhineland, Rome-Berlin Axis (1936) Munich Conference and Occupation of Sudetenland (1938) Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact (1939) Invasion of Poland Cold War A. NATO B. Berlin Blockade C. Churchill delivered “Iron Curtain” D. Yalta Conference E. Vietnamese War F. The fall of Berlin Wall G. End of Soviet Union H. Russian Invasion in Afghanistan I. Cuban Crisis J. Truman Doctrine after Greek Civil War K. Korean War D C J B A K I E H F G Yalta conference (1945) Churchill delivered “Iron Curtain” (1946) Truman Doctrine after Greek Civil War (1947) Berlin Blockade (1948) NATO (1949) Korean War (1950) Cuban Crisis (1962) Vietnamese War (1965) Russian Invasion in Afghanistan (1979) The fall of Berlin Wall (1989) End of Soviet Union (1991) You can see the timeline of Cold War in this website too: http://library.thinkquest.org/10826/timeline.htm
  4. 4. Long Question Define totalitarianism 1. One-man and one party dictatorship 2. Absolutely obey to leaders 3. Anti-communism 4. Corporation economic 5. Violent political 6. Aggressive foreign policy Compare and Contrast Nazism and Fascism in term of background, content, policies-practice and extent of totalitarianism. Nazism Fascism Background Both them: 1. -Discontented of Treaty of Versailles 2. -Difficult economic situation, especially GD (1929) 3. -Chaotic and unorganized parliamentary government 4. -Unstable political development 5. -Rise of communism 6. –Opportunism 7. –They had well oratic skill, successful propaganda and advanced technology Content Both them: 1. One man and one party dictatorship 2. Absolutely obey to the leaders 3. Anti-communism 4. Corporation economic 5. Violent political movement 6. Aggressive foreign policy Germany anti-Semitism, Italy did no Germany had racial glorification and superior racial, Italy did no Germany anti-religion, but Italy did no Compare the reasons of appeasement policy adopted by Britain and France. Britain France Similarities 1. Fear of communism 2. Effect of Great Depression 3. Failure of collective security (Weakness of LN, Absence of USA, failure of disarmament conference) 4. Fear of the total war Differences 1.British military needed time to prepare 1.Needed time to prepare the war 2.Unstable domestic: social unrest, 2.British public opinion: thought Germany unemployment and government problems and Italy were too harsh to accept the Treaty of Versailles Why did Hitler rise in Germany? How did he act as the outbreak of Second World War? After the First World War, Germany signed the Versailles Treaty to cede lands and pay indemnity. Economic became poor and Hitler rose at that time. When he became Fuhrer, he expanded the country. In 1938, he sent troops to occupy Sudetenland, but Britain and France didn’t stop it. In 1939, Hitler signed the Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact with Russia, to follow his invasion plan. In Sep1939, Germany occupied Poland. Britain and France didn’t tolerate his ambition and declared the war on Germany. Second World War started. Why did Hitler adopt the aggressive foreign policy/ expansionism? 1. To make Germany stronger 2. To solve the domestic discontented (unemployment, weakness of the government) 3. To find the living space 4. To repudiate Treaty of Versailles 5. To gain the glorious achievement
  5. 5. Data-based Question 1. Read the following passage and answer the questions. Struggle is necessary and peace is nonsense. Only war is valuable. The Fascist government has got rid of the unnecessary freedom. Only those freedoms that are necessary for the people are kept. The people must know that everything is for the State, nothing against the State….Fascism means democracy. A speech made by a dictator of a country. 1. According to the passage, can you find out the features of Fascism? 2. How did Mussolini achieve these features? 3. Do you think that he achieve these features successfully at last? Explain your answer with refer to your own knowledge? 4. Who will also agree with his attitude in Europe at that time? Why did he agree with Mussolini? 2. Read the following picture and answer the questions. 1. Briefly explain the background of this picture. 2. Do you think that American, British and French treat German harshly? 3. Discuss the effects of this event to Germany and Japan. 4. Do you think that it reflect the historical event you had mentioned in 2.1 effectively? Explain your answer. The answer will be announced later.

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