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  • 1. International Reseach Journal,November,2010 ISSN-0975-3486 RNI: RAJBIL 2009/300097 VOL-I *ISSUE 14 Research Paper USE OF PLANTS BY INDIAN WOMEN FOR ENHANCEMENT OF BEAUTY * Dr. Kavita Sharma, ** Dr. Sajal Deo November, 2010 ***Dr. Ayesha F. Rizvi765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 *Asst Professor (Biotechnology), Rungta Education Campus, Raipur765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 **School of life sciences, MATS University, RaipurArts &Comm. Girls College Raipur765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321A B S T R A C T Problem Statement: As never before more women are interested in taking care of their beauty, and ensuring that they maintain their youthful looks for as long as possible. Beauty brings confidence, self-assurance, poise and independence in a person. The skin care or personal care products we use every day may contain chemicals linked to infertility, birth defects, cancer and other health problems. Since our skin readily absorbs the products we use, it’s important to be aware of the possible dangers and use products that are safe. A total of 11 plants belonging to 11 families have been documented for their therapeutic use against skin diseases and as herbal care of their beauty. These plants are: (1) Termaric (2) Tulshi (3) Amla,), (3) Carrot (4) Cucumber, (5) Papaya (6) Potato (7) Sandalwood, (8) Nutmeg (9) Gram flour (10) Neem (11) Aloevera These plants are commonly exploited for beauty treatment process in homes and their cosmetics are also manufactured by industries. Natural beauty care or skin care embodies a trend to go back to the basics and give a good result. More women are realizing the harsh affects that chemical laden products can have on their skin and beauty. But skin cares done by the home made products are more effective, easily available, low-priced and don’t have any side effect on skin.Key words: Beauty, herbal care, therapeutic use, NutmegIntroduction the use of herbs in beauty treatments during the On an average a female use up to 20 different ancient period. The women of the ancient worldbeauty care or skincare products per day. This is used the grounded leaves and seeds of herbs onpartially interesting due to the fact that most of the their hair, face and over-all body they used to drankthese personal care products, makeup and skin care herbal tonics and applied oils obtained from herbs.products are filled with chemical ingredients that can Indian Ayurveda too has been promoting the usecause skin irritation, allergies, or even more serious of herbs for skin and beauty for over 5000 yearshealth risks. These chemicals are absorbed through (Muhammed and Lakshmi). This starts right fromthe skin result in various skin problems and aging our own empire ie. Kitchen. Our kitchen has mostissues. Some time vitamin and mineral deficiencies, of the things that we are looking for. They are safepoor antioxidant status, impaired digestion and and help to yield satisfactory results withoutcompromised immune functions are all reflected in a harming our skin. We can make a cleaning solutionsallow complexion, lifeless hair and brittle or out of them. Mixture of these natural thingsdiscolored nails. provides a natural shining skin. Herbs can be used India women are in general pretty for beauty in original or processed form. They actoutstanding. There’s nothing quite as beautiful as a against the internal impurities and external toxinsgood-looking Indian woman. Beauty, confidence and of our body, add additional nutrients to it, make itexpression are inherited quality of Indian women. glow and shine. Oral intake of antioxidants such asBeauty employs confidence and confidence women carotenoids, selenium, proanthocyanidins (foundalways express her best. Beauty in general is all about in grape seed extract, apples and other planttaking proper care. Glowing and smooth skin add in sources) and vitamin E is reported to reduce thethe definition of beauty. We can achieve it from the risk of DNA damages by ultraviolet radiation thatnature. Indian women know that plant help her to lead to skin aging and skin cancers (Kamal Dua,enhance her beauty. Various literatures inform us on 2007). The herbal beauty care products were76 RESEARCH ANALYSI S AND EVALUATION
  • 2. International Reseach Journal,November,2010 ISSN-0975-3486 RNI: RAJBIL 2009/300097 VOL-I *ISSUE 14prepared from various plant parts of single plant, or of turmeric and extract can also be used as bio-multiple plants. In several cases the pure herbal pesticides and sunscreens. Turmeric is also verypreparations was administered along with milk, ghee, effective tonic and a blood purifier. · Hairhoney, coconut oil, curd, etc (Abinash et al., Care: For the treatment of dandruff, and as hair2006).The present paper deals with the eleven colorants and dyes, plant extracts are used as hair growth stimulators, the mechanism of action appearscommon plants belonging to eleven families used to be an acceleration of blood circulation or increasedby the women of India for curing different skin nutrition to the hair follicles. Natural dyes derivedailments and for cosmetics. These plants are from plant extracts are being used in hair colorantcommonly exploited for beauty treatment process products (2) Tulshi (Ocimum sanctum, Family:in homes and their cosmetics are also manufactured Lamiaceae) Benefits of Tulsi on Skin· Tulsiby industries. behave as an anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agent(1)Turmeric: (Common name: Haldi) Family: thus helps in eradicating any of the microorganismsZingiberaceae developing on the wound and the skin (AdhikaryActivities of Turmeric include: A compound called et.al, 2000). ·Tulsi is a wonderful blood purifier thatcurcumin (the antioxidant pigment), is the yellow helps in eradicating any toxins circulating in bloodpigment in turmeric B. Turmeric are analgesic, and helps us from any kind of foreign invasion therefore helps in protecting our skin from acne andantibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti- other skin infectionsC. Tulshi is considered the bestallergic, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, remedy for leucoderma and other skin disorders. ·appetizer, astringent, cardiovascular, carminative, It helps in normalizing our digestive system thuscholagogue, digestive, diuretic, stimulant, and helpful in treating cause by which dark circles arevulnerary (Somia et al., 2005; Miquel et al., 2002). So it caused.(3) Amla (Indian gooseberry, Phyllanthusis one of nature’s most powerful healers. emblica, Family: Phyllanthaceae)Turmeric for Cosmetic: Turmeric has globally Benefits of Amla on Skinattracted for its cosmetic and therapeutic use. It is skin- Amla has highest quantity of vitamin ‘C’ (ascorbicfriendly and constitutes an important ingredient of many acid) in natural form which is one of the anti oxidantcreams and lotions. Natural plant’s extracts used in (Khopde et al., 2001). The fruit is used as a majorcosmetic products marketed for skin care (Abinash constituent in several Ayurvedic preparations suchet.al 2006). In the world, the biggest users of turmeric as Chyavanprash and Rasayana which promotesare in India. India is also major producer of turmeric. health and longevity (Rajkumar et al., 2001; Poonam et· Skin Care and Coloring: The skin is the main al., 2009). Amla has been reported to possesportion of the body and provides a shielding barrier expectorant, purgative, spasmolytic, antibacterial,against harmful chemicals, microbes, and ultraviolet hypoglycemic (Jamwal et al., 1959; Jayshri and Jolly,radiation. Turmeric has been formulated to heal and 1993), heaptoprotective and hypolipidemic (Thakurprevent dry skin, treat skin conditions such as eczema and Mandal, 2004) activity. Regular use of Amlaand acne, and retard the aging process. Turmeric isused in many celebrations of Hindus. Especially in promotes glow on skin and delays wrinkles orHindu wedding brides would rub with turmeric on loosening of skin. Good results have been found intheir bodies for glowing look. New born babies also eczema. · Indian women generally use Amla to washrubbed with turmeric on their forehead for good luck. their hairs, which act as natural hair conditioner as itTraditionally women rub turmeric on their cheeks to helps in providing good nourishment and also helpsproduce a natural golden glow, extract of turmeric has in normalizing blood supply C. Its internal use as wellbeen added to creams for use as a coloring agent.Washing in turmeric improves skin complexion and as its local application on scalp gives good results inalso reduces hair growth on body. Natural cleansers hair loss as it provides nourishment to the skin onlike milk with turmeric powder are effective natural scalp. It stimulates hair follicles thus promoting haircosmetics in themselves; it brings a healthy glow to growth and also improves texture of the hair. · It alsothe skin and makes them beautiful. They also help to prevents premature graying of hairs and dandruff,restore or maintain youth by controlling wrinkle andcrease formation on the surface of the skin. Effectual which is flaking of dead cells of the scalp. ·It is helpfulhealing properties of turmeric have made it accepted in making skin glow and works as an antioxidantafter ingredient in cosmetics and drugs, as the leaf oil therefore prevents wrinkles and loosening of skin.RESE ARCH AN ALYSI S AND EVALU ATION 77
  • 3. International Reseach Journal,November,2010 ISSN-0975-3486 RNI: RAJBIL 2009/300097 VOL-I *ISSUE 14(4) Carrot (Common name: Gajar, Daucus carota, Family: Caricaceae)Family: Apiaceae )Carrot has got multi level benefits The papaya is full of vitamins. They have A, C,for our body. They are very high in vitamin A and a potassium in high amounts and also calcium, iron,source of vitamin C, folacin and potassium (Ogunlesi thiamine, riboflavin and niacin. It’s beneficial for skinet al., 2010). Vitamin ‘C’ also known as ascorbic acid care, repair, as cleanser, toner, softener and removalis a water soluble antioxidant found to prevent tissue of wrinkle. We can use papaya to treat or eliminatedamage (Parviainen, 1995: Xu et al., 1996 and Romay old dead skin cells, dandruff and other skin disorderset al. 1998). Antioxidants can prevent the chemical and even to reduce the signs of premature aging.damage caused by reactive oxygen species such as Intake of papaya reduces the effect of stress andfree radicals that are generated by a variety of strain of modern life on skin. The antioxidants insources including pesticides, tobacco smoke, papaya control premature ageing of the skin, thusexhaust fumes, certain pollutants and organic imparting a youthful skin. Papain is the proteolyticsolvents (Halliwell and Gutteridge, 1989: Davies, enzymes. Cosmetically it acts as an exfoliative agent1994; Robinson et al., 1997). Carrots can actually and removes dead cells. It is also used in somehelp to clear up skin problems. Carrot is used in skin dentifrices, shampoos, and face-lifting preparationsas pack and drink as juice. (Oloyede, 2005)(5) Cucumber (Common name: Khira, Cucumis (7) Potato (Common name: Aaloo, Solanumsativus, Family: Cucurbitaceae) tuberosum, Family: Solanaceae) Its plant is a warm season annual plant cultivated The potatoes are vegetables, known asfor its fleshly fruit, eaten as a salad vegetable or used “underground Apple”. Potato is not only a life offor pickling (TEA, 1980). Cucumber has been the nutrition food but can be an important alternativeconsidered as one of the oldest cultivated vegetables therapy for skin problems.on earth (Simons, 1976). Its cultivation in western Asia · They relieve dark or puffy circles under eyes.dates to at least 3,000 years (McCollum, 1980). · They also remove excess oil from face.Cucumber contains lactic acid, glycolic acid and salicylic · A grated raw potato can be used as a mask whichacid fiber, potassium and magnesium. These acids are helps in removing tanning and dead cells on face.known as organic or fruit acids because they contain (8) Sandalwood Plant (Common name: Chandan ,one or more carboxyl radicals (COOH) in their structure Santalum album, Family: Santalaceae)(McGrawHill Dictionary of Chemistry, 1984). Lactic Sandalwood oil is one of the oldest known perfumeand glycolic acid belong to a subdivision known as materials and is still used for incense and as aalpha hydroxyl acids while salicylic acid belongs to fragrance and fixative in soaps, cosmetics andbeta hydroxyl acid (Brannon, 2002). Another perfumes. The main chemical constituents in Indianconstituent of cucumber is ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), Sandalwood are “Santalol, Santyl acetate andcaffeic acid (Tindall, 1975) and 14a-methyl D- Santalene” (Esoteric Oils, 2009). Alpha-santalol andphytosterol (phytosterols) (Pollak, 1953). Alpha beta-santalol amount to more than 90 % of the oil,hydroxyl acids have been used as chemical exfoliants beta-santalol being the most important characterto promote the natural removal of dead cells and to impact compound. The characteristic odor andkeep the protective surface layers healthy by dissolving medicinal properties of sandalwood oil are mainlythe glue like substance in the epidermal layer that cause due to the santalols. Sandalwood, a product of thea buildup of dead skin cell layer; leaving skin tropical sandalwood tree that grows in India, is one of natures most versatile and effective skin-caredehydrated, dull and coarse. It also possesses treatments when made into a powder or oil. It is afungicidal properties and is used topically in the key ingredient in many perfumes, incense andtreatment of fungal skin infections such as tinea Ayurvedic skin-care treatments for scrapes, rashes,(Reynold, 1996). Cucumbers have very high water blemishes, acne, and more. Sandalwood can be usedcontent of around 96% and are excellent body to treat many conditions such as:dehydrators (Simons, 1976) has a cooling and · Heal scrapes and cuts: Sandalwood hasrefreshing effect on body. antimicrobial properties, making it a popular herbal(6) Papaya (Common name: Papita, Carica papaya, antiseptic for treating minor skin abrasions78 RESEARCH ANALYSI S AND EVALUATION
  • 4. International Reseach Journal,November,2010 ISSN-0975-3486 RNI: RAJBIL 2009/300097 VOL-I *ISSUE 14· Shrink pimples: Sandalwood can reduce random and the most analyzed compounds isolated frompimples overnight. ·Calm acne: Many believe neem include nimbin has been reported to possesssandalwood and rosewater can tamp down acne flare- anti-inflammatory activities; nimbidin as anti-ups on face, chest, shoulders, and back. bacterial, anti-ulcer (Pillai et al., 1978 and 1984) ,· Sandalwood oil calms itchy, irritated skin all over analgesic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-fungal activity;body ·Dry skin becomes smooth with sandalwood nimbidol as antitubercular, anti-protozoan, anti-oil: Sandalwood oil can be used as a moisturizer on pyretic activity.the face and body, making it great for anti-ageing Benefits of Neem on Skinskincare - and the astringent action has a great · Since early times Neem is known for its wonderfultoning effect and is also used with great results in properties and marvelous results on skin. It works asoily skin conditions (Mojay, 2007). ·Banish bug blood purifier and is very helpful in eradicating toxinsbites with sandalwood: To fight the stinging and from the blood that are supposed to cause harm to theitchy swelling of an insect bite, apply a sandalwood skin. ·Local application of Neem powder or Neem oilpaste right away. (9) Nutmeg (Common name: Jaiphal, has miraculous results. It is a famous anti microbialMyristica sp., Family: Myristicaceae) herb; it renders all the microorganisms inactive thereforeNutmeg has aromatic, stimulant, narcotic, helping in proper healing of wound without causingcarminative, astringent, aphrodisiac, hypolipidemic, any infections and septic conditions.antithrombotic, anti-platelet aggregation, antifungal, Tropical application and internal use ofantidysenteric, anti-inflammatory activities (Nadkarni neem makes us relieved from eczema and even1998). The presence of two compounds, myristicin ringworms. Good results have been seen on skinand elemicin, is often related to intoxication and to problems like acne and blemishes. It helps inthe hallucinogenic action of nutmeg while safrole disinfecting the hair follicles and helps in eradicatinghas been suspected to be carcinogenic (Green, 1959; the particle which is the main culprit in blocking theShulgin, 1966; Harvey 1998). pore.·Neem helps in early healing of burns and Oil of Nutmeg is used in perfumes and injuries that might also helps in fading of scars thatointments. Nutmeg is commonly used for seasoning are left after the any injury. ·Neem is very helpful infoods. Apparently nutmeg has anti-inflammatory providing internal glow to the skin by providingproperties and was used since ancient times for natural supplements that are required for good andvariety of skin diseases including ringworms and healthy skin. ·eczema. When added with honey which has Neem is extensively used in hair fall andantiseptic benefits and the concoction is supposed early graying of hairs with very satisfying results.to help erase acne marks over time. ·It also finds its application in dandruff and in lice(10) Gram flour (Common name: Chana atta, Cicer growth. ·Neem is helpful in lighting dark circlesarietinum), Family: Fabaceae) which are usually caused due to life style Gram flour is a very important ingredient in Indian disturbances.kitchens. We use it to make different dishes like Conclusion:snacks and sweets. It is very useful for skin care. A Good skin care is essential if you want tomixture of gram flour and rose water are good to use look young and keep your skin glowing and wrinkleon face for spots. This mixture gives a clean and free the natural way without botox and plasticclear skin. Its mixture with milk improve complexion surgery or cosmetics that are loaded with chemicals.and make skin feel very smooth. In cold weather this It is best to go the natural care route if you are seriousmixture will help prevent the wrinkly look of the skin. about skin care because:(11) Neem (Azadirachta indica, Family: Our skin cannot differentiate betweenMeliaceae)Neem is a wonder herb and the most good and bad chemicals. It indiscriminately absorbsuseful traditional medicinal plant in India (Kausik whatever chemicals we slather on our face and body,et al., 2002). causes adverse effect on our body. More womenNeem trees have many unique compounds that have are realizing the harsh affects that chemical ladenbeen identified (Sankaram, 1987). The more common products can have on their skin. They want to seeRESE ARCH AN ALYSI S AND EVALU ATION 79
  • 5. International Reseach Journal,November,2010 ISSN-0975-3486 RNI: RAJBIL 2009/300097 VOL-I *ISSUE 14results, but the side effects often cause worse prepared by hand, within the highest quality withproblems than what they are trying to cure. the least chemical processes. We can also beNatural skin care embodies a trend to go back to the assured that no product will introduce a rash,basics. By choosing eco-friendly, natural body or irritation or allergic reaction because its ingredientsskin care products, we know that our skin is are pure and natural. And that is best thing we canabsorbing products rooted in nature and simply do for ourselves.R E F E R E N C E1. Muhammed Majeed and Lakshmi Prakash, Cosmeceuticals: A Revolution in the making, Sabinsa Corporation, USA.2. Kamal Dua, 2007. The Cosmetic World: A New Substrate for Pharmaceuticals, Pharmainfo.net, Vol. 5, Issue 2.3.AbinashPratim Saikia, Venkat Kishore Ryakala, Pragya Sharma, Pranab Goswami and Utpal Bora, 2006. Ethnobotany ofmedicinal plants used by Assamese people for various skin ailments and cosmetics, Journal of Enthnopharmacology,Volume 106, Issue 30, June 2006, Pages 149-157.4.Somia Khattak, Saeed-ur-Rehman, Hamid Ullah Shah, Waqar Ahmadand Manzoor Ahmad, (2005), Biological effects of indigenous medicinal plants Curcuma longa and Alpinia galangal,Fitoterapia, Vol 76, issue 2, March 2005, Pages 254-257. 5.Miquel J., A. Bernd, J. M. Sempere, J. Díaz-Alperiand A.Ramírez, The curcuma antioxidants: pharmacological effects and prospects for future clinical use. A review, (2002),Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol 34, Issue 1, February 2002, Pages 37-46.6.Adhikary, N., Mohanty, I., Joshi,S., Vajpayee, R. B. and Gupta, S. K., 2000. Ocimum Sanctum: An Indigenous Plant with Anticataract Potential, IndianJournal of Pharmacology; 32: 132-175.7.Khopde S. M., K. Indira Priyadarsini, H. Mohan, V. B. Gawandi, J. G. Satav, J.V. Yakhmi, M. M. Banavaliker, M. K. Biyani and J. P. Mittal, 2001. Characterizing the antioxidant activity of amla(Phyllanthus emblica) extract, Current Science, Vol. 81, No. 2,pp, 185-190, 25 July 2001.8.Rajkumar N.V., Theres M,Kuttan R., 2001. Emblica officinalis fruits afford protection against experimental gastric ulcers in rats. Pharmaceut.Biol., 39 (5):375-380.9.Poonam Mishra, Vijeyta Srivastava1, Deepmala Verma1, O. P. Chauhan2 and G. K. Rai1, 2009.Physico-chemical properties of Chakiya variety of Amla (Emblica officinalis) and effect of different dehydrationmethods on quality of powder, African Journal of Food Science Vol. 3(10) pp. 303-306, October, 2009 10.Jamwal, K. S.,Sharma, I.P. and Chopra, L., 1959. Pharmacological investigations on the fruits of Emblica Officinalis. J. Sci. Ind. Res.18c: 180-181.11.Jayshri, S. and Jolly, C. I., 1993. Phytochemical antibacterial and pharmacological investigations onMonordica chiranlia and Emblica officinalis. Ind. J. Pharm. Sci. 1: 6-13.12.Thakur, C.P. and Mandal, K., 1984. Effectof Emblica officinalis on cholesterol induced atherosclerosis in rabbits. Ind. J. Med. Res. 79:142-146. 13.Ogunlesi, M., W.Okiei, L. Azeez, V. Obakachi, M. Osunsanmi, G. Nkenchor, 2010. Vitamin C Contents of Tropical Vegetables and FoodsDetermined by Voltammetric and Titrimetric Methods and Their Relevance to the Medicinal Uses of the Plants,International Journal of ELECTROCHEMICAL SCIENCE, 5 (2010) 105 - 11580 RESEARCH ANALYSI S AND EVALUATION