INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

  1. 1. 105SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 viuh lkjh miyfC/k;ksa ds ckotwn blesa dksbZ lUnsg ugha gS fd fganh dfork esa le; chrus ds lkFk lgtrk dk {kj.k gqvk gSA fu'p; gh ;g dfork vc izkS<+ gS( cgqvkkeh gS vkSj ,d lhek ls vf/kd ckSf)d HkhA fdUrq jpukdkj ds tfVy vUrekZul ds lekukarj dfork ls og lgtrk xk;c gksrh x;h gS ftlls dfork O;kid :i ls vFkZoku curh gSA ;fn dgha lgtrk dks egRo feyk Hkh gS rks og dfo ds lgt vUrekZul ls mHkjh gS ;k ugha] dguk dfBu gSA bl n`f"V ls ns[ksa rks Hkokuh HkkbZ tulk/kkj.k ds cksys vkSj vius fy[ks esa de ls de Qklyk j[kus okys vafre jpukdkj gSaA feJ th ds O;fDrRo dks ;fn ge ,d 'kCn esa ck¡/kuk pkgsa rks og gS&lgtrkA ;g lgtrk u rks vks<+h gqbZ gS vkSj u gh muds O;fDrRo dk vyadj.k gSA ;g lgtrk viuh vfdapurk ds ,glkl ls izk.kjl xzg.k djrh gSA viuk ifjp; nsrs gq, os bl vfdapurk ls gh vius O;fDrRo dks laiq"V djrs nh[krs gSa& ^^NksVh lh txg esa jgrk Fkk] NksVh lh unh ueZnk ds fdukjs] NksVs ls igkM+ foa/;kpy ds vk¡py esa NksVs&NksVs lk/kkj.k yksxksa ds chpA ,dne ?kVuk&foghu] vfofp= esjs thou dh dFkk gSA**1 fdUrq ;g vfdapurk nhurk ugha gSA bl vfdapurk esa Hkh ,d csykx csykSl QDdM+iu gS tks mudh lgtrk dks izkekf.kd cukrk gSA bl lgtrk dk ,d vR;Ur egRoiw.kZ lzksr gS& muds lkekftd ljksdkjA os O;fDr ds vdsysiu mldh fofPNUurk dks fujFkZd ekurs gSaA lkekftdrk dks os O;fDr dh ÅtkZ vkSj vFkZoRrk ekurs gSaA JhdkUr tks'kh ds iz'u dk mRrj nsrs gq, Hkokuh HkkbZ fy[krs gSa] ^tSls cw¡n X X X /kkjk ls vyx gksdj dksbZ vFkZ ugha j[krh vFkok mruk vFkZ ugha j[krh] ftruk /kkjk j[krh gSA og ,d fujh cw¡n gS tks oSlk dksbZ dke ugha dj ldrh tks /kkjk djrh gSA u fdlh dks gjk ldrh gS] u Mqck ldrh gSA**2 viuh deZ&lk/kuk esa tks lgtrk vkSj lknxh gesa izsepan esa feyrh gS] ogh lgtrk vkSj lknxh deZ&lk/kuk ls Nurs gq, Hkokuh HkkbZ ds O;fDrRo esa ekStwn gSA izk;% yksx vius O;fDrRo ds oSf'k"V~; dks ¼oks u gks rc Hkh½ xys esa <ksy dh rjg p<+h lgtrk vkSj fouezrk dk izn'kZu vkSj fn[kkok djrs feyrs gSaA fdUrq Hkokuh HkkbZ izd`R;k Lo;a dks ,d ,slk lk/kkj.k O;fDr ekurs vkSj eglwl djrs gSa tks ?kj esa] ckt+kj esa] n¶rj esa] ;k=k esa viuh Hkwfedk vkSj nkf;Ro ds izfr csgn laosnu'khy gSA og iRuh ls ukjkt gksus December ,2013 'kks/k i= & fgUnh MkW- ehuk{kh pkSgku Hkokuh izlkn feJ ds dkO; dk oSf'k"V~; ij lCth pyk nsus vkSj fy[kus ds chp dksbZ Hksn ugha djrkA3 ,d vke Hkkjrh; ftl izdkj uSfrdrk vkSj vuSfrdrk ds izfr lgt laosnu'khy gksrk gS oSls gh gSa Hkokuh HkkbZA& ^^dksbZ xyr dke dksbZ vfu"V u gks tk,**4 bldks ysdj os csgn ltx gSaA cgqr cM+h fMfxz;k¡ vkSj mikf/k;k¡ muds fgLls esa ugha vkbZa fdUrq bldk mUgsa dksbZ eyky ugha D;ksafd lkFkZd dfork dHkh cqf) vkSj rdZ ds flj ij p<+dj ugha cksyrhA mlds fy;s ekuoh; laosnuk dh iw¡th gh i;kZIr gSA blfy;s mudk ;g eku ysuk vdkj.k ugha fd ^^X X X T;knk i<+us ls dfork [kjkc gks tkrh gSA**5 xk¡/kh vkSj xk¡/khokn dks Hkokuh HkkbZ us ekuork dk Hkko le> dj viuk;k vkSj ml ij vafre lk¡l rd vfMx vkLFkk j[khA xk¡/kh ys'kek= Hkh muds O;fDrRo ij ugha ynrs] mlesa lgt vkSj LokHkkfod :i eas ?kqyrs tkrs gSaA mUgksaus vius vfdapu vkSj lgt O;fDrRo dks dHkh cM+h&cM+h egRodka{kkvksa ls mf)Xu ugha gksus fn;k fdUrq vius bl vlarks"k dks ysdj cspSu Fks fd mUgsa&^^XXXthfodk dk lzksr ys[ku dks cukuk iM+k vkSj 'kgj esa gh ,MtLV djuk iM+kA**6 fdUrq ;g vlUrks"k mudh 'kjhj&Je ij vfMx fu"Bk dk thrk&tkxrk izek.k gSA lexzr% Hkokuh HkkbZ dk O;fDrRo ,d vke Hkkjrh; dh izo`fRr;ksa ls la?kfVr gqvk gSA lgtrk] fouezrk] vfMx vkLFkk&Hkko] thou dks ns[kus dh ikjn'khZ fdUrq ldjkRed n`f"V Hkkjrh; tu dks iwjs fo'o esa fof'k"V cukrh gSA lpeqp Hkokuh HkkbZ dk O;fDrRo fganh ds vk/kqfud dfo;ksa esa xk¡/kh ds O;fDrRo dk lkfgfR;d laLdj.k dgk tk ldrk gSA Hkokuh HkkbZ ds O;fDrRo vkSj mudh ekU;rkvksa ds chp ,d lq[kn rknkRE; ns[kus dks feyrk gSA ftl izdkj os vius O;fDrRo esa lgt] lqyHk vkSj lk/kkj.k gS] oSls gh os dfo&de dks Hkh dksbZ vfrfjDr oSf'k"V~; u ekurs gq, mls vke vkneh ds dk;Z&O;kikj ds leku gh lgt vkSj LoHkkfod ekurs gSaA dfork mudh n`f"V esa tulk/kkj.k dh gh ok.kh gSA7 mudh ,d dfork ^dfo ls* esa mUgksaus fy[kk& ^^ftl rjg ge cksyrs gSa@ml rjg rw fy[k@vkSj mlds ckn Hkh@ge ls cM+k rw fn[kA**8 bu iafDr;ksa esa Hkokuh HkkbZ dk lEiw.kZ dkO;&n'kZu LifUnr gksrk gSA lk/kkj.krk esa vlk/kkj.krk] lgtrk esa xfjek vkSj vfdapurk esa gh fojkV dh flf) gh dfork dh vFkZDrk dk vk/kkj gSA ;g mudh dkO;&;k=k dk izLFkku&fcUnq Hkh gS vkSj pjeflf) HkhA mudh n`f"V esa vius * C&103B] lsDVj&39] uks,Mk ¼m-iz-½
  2. 2. 106 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 le; dk lk{kh gksuk egRoiw.kZ gS fdUrq ijEijk dh vis{kk ls os lger ugha] ^^gekjk dky egRoiw.kZ gks ldrk gS vkSj gekjk fy[kuk HkhA ysfdu tks fy[kk tk pqdk gS] mldh vksj ihB nsdj [kM+k gks tkuk u vkèkqfud ds i{k esa gS] u Hkfo"; dsA** Hkokuh HkkbZ dk dfo&deZ dHkh vfHkO;fDr&dsfUnzr ugha jgkA bl n`f"V ls vkReltxrk dh vis{kk os vius ^dfo* dks eqDr dj nsrs gSaA bl eqfDr dh ifj.kfr gS& mudh dforkA dfork dh pje&flf) mudh n`f"V esa ;g gS fd ^^XXX dfork rjy vkSj ljy vkSj izkaty gksA mlesa ekuork dk Hkko gksA og nq:g vkSj izpkjkRed u gksA mlesa dfo dk fopkj gkoh u gks] cfYd mlesa vkRek ds Loj xqaFks gksaA**10 lkfgR; dks ysdj mudh vo/kkj.kk Hkko&l`f"V vkSj Hkko&n`f"V dk leUo; gSA 'kCn dks czg~e ekurs gq, lekt ls feys 'kCnksa dks ekatrs gq, mlesa u, vFkZ dh izfrifRr dj lekt dks ykSVkuk os jpkukdkj dh ftEesnkjh ekurs gSaA11 Nk;koknh dfork ls mudk rkyesy blfy;s u cSB ldk D;ksafd ^^X X X bl dfork esa ,d chekj O;fDrokn Fkk& nek ihfM+r 'kCn&tky Fkk& ;g peRdkjksa dh dfork Fkh&X X X**12 os u;s lkfgR; dk Loj uSfrd rks ekurs gSa ij lEizs"k.kh;rk ds vHkko us muds 'kCnksa esa ^ok.kh dk ladV* iSnk dj fn;k gS ftlls dfo f?kls&fiVs eqgkojksa esa vius dks nksgjkrk gSA13 vUrr%mudh n`f"VesamudhdforkouLifr&txr dh laosnuk ls cuh jph dfork gSA14 lexzr% dgsa rks Hkokuh HkkbZ lR;] f'ko vkSj lqUnj dks ,d fcUnq ij laØfer dj ysus dks dfork dh pje flf) ekurs gSaA Hkokuh izlkn feJ dh dfork dks lkfgR;sfrgkl esa izpfyr vk/kqfud lkfgR; ds :f<+c) ukedj.kksa ds vk/kkj ij ugha le>k tk ldrkA mudh dfork esa Lor% LQwfrZ dh tks ÅtkZ gS og mls okn ;k fopkj/kkjk dh lhekvksa esa ca/kus ugha nsrhA ^^;g vkdfLed ugha gS fd fganh esa u;s <ax dh ;k rFkkdfFkr ubZ dfork fy[kus okyksa esa Hkokuh izlkn feJ 'kk;n vdsys ,sls dfo gSa tks fganh ds ltx ikBdksa ds chp gh ugha] cfYd lkekU; ikBdksa ds chp Hkh [kkls yksdfiz; gSaA**15 bldk dkj.k ;g gS fd mudh dfork esa ,d vkReh; ckrwuhiu] ,d thoUr laokn&rRo izk;% ?kqyk&feyk jgrk gS& ^;s dey ds Qwy@ysfdu ekulj ds gSa@bUgsa gw¡ chp ls yk;k@u le>ks rhj ij ds gSaA**16 dfo ekulj ds chp ls yk;s bu Qwyksa dks vfiZr djus esa laokn dh ftl 'kfDr dk m;ksx djrk gS] mldh ltZukRedrk ns[krs gh curh gS& ^^Qwy yk;k gw¡ dey ds@D;k d:¡ budk@ilkjsa vki vk¡py@NksM+ nw¡(@gks tk; th gYdkA**17 ;gk¡ laokn dk ;g rRo viZ.k vkSj foltZu dk ,d lEiw.kZ fcEc jprk gSA laokn vkSj fcEc dh ;g ?kqyu'khyrk ^xhrQjks'k* dfork esa vius mRd"kZ fcUnq ij igq¡p tkrh gS& ^^th gk¡ gqtwj eSa xhr csprk gw¡@th] eky nsf[k, nke crkÅ¡xk@csdke ugha gSa dke crkÅ¡xk@dqN xhr fy[ksa gSa eLrh esa eSaus@dqN xhr fy[ksa gSa iLrh esa eSaus( ;g xhr l[r ljnnZ Hkqyk,xk(@;g xhr fi;k dks ikl cqyk,xk@th] igys dqN fnu 'keZ yxh eq>dks@ij ihNs&ihNs vDy txh eq>dks(@th] yksxksa us rks csp Mkys bZeku@th] vki u gksa lqu dj T;knk gSjku@eSa lksp&le> vkf[kj@vius xhr csprk gw¡(@th gk¡] gqtwj eSa xhr csprk gw¡A**18 lp iwfN, rks Hkokuh HkkbZ us viuh 'kSyh dks dqN bl <ax ls fodflr fd;k gS fd mudh vfHkO;fDr ds miknku ,d [kkl rjg dh ^crdgh* eas cny tkrs gSaA izd`fr ls Hkokuh HkkbZ dk vVwV lEcU/k gSA lp iwfN;s rks izd`fr mudh dfork dh lk¡l gSA ^^izd`fr muds fy, dfork ;k dyk dk fo"k;&ek= ugha gS cfYd mudh viuh Le`fr dk vfoHkkT; fgLlk gSA os mls vDlj gh egt ^:i* dh rjg ugha ns[krs] ;k fd egt Le`fr&pkj.k dh rjg Hkh ugha ns[krs] cfYd mls vius eu esa ns[krs gq, viuh eu%fLFkfr ls] viuh fopkj&izfØ;k ls] viuh ewY;&psruk vkSj viuh lkSUn;Z&psruk ls tksM+rs gSaA**19 mudk xzkeh.k eu gh izd`fr dks vius <ax ls mdsjrk vkSj vfHkO;fDr nsrk gSA ^lriqM+k ds taxy* dfork esa izd`fr ds js'ks&js'ks dks vfHkO;fDr nsrs le; dfo tSls ifjos'k esa viuh lRrk dks iwjh rjg y; dj ysrk gS& ^^lM+s iRrs] xys iRrs@ gjs iRrs tys iRrs@oU; iFk dks <¡d jgs ls@iad ny esa iys iRrs@pyks bu ij py ldks rks@nyks budks ny ldks rks]@;s f?kukSus ?kus taxy@Å¡[krs vueus taxyA**20 izd`fr ds vkyEcuxr] mn~nhiuxr :iksa ls i`Fkd mudk izd`fr&txr ftl izdkj izHkko ds fHkUu&fHkUu Lrjksa dks mn~?kkfVr djrk gS] og Li`g.kh; gS& ^^cw¡n Vidh ,d uHk ls]@fdlh us >qddj >jks[ks ls@fd tSls g¡l fn;k gks@g¡l jgh lh vk¡[k us tSls fdlh dks dl fn;k gks(@Bxk lk dksbZ fdlh dh vk¡[k@ns[ks jg x;k gks]@ml cgqr ls :i dks] jksekap jksds lg x;k gksA**21 izd`fr ds lkSUn;Z dks mdsjrs gq, dfo izk;% mls vius ewY;&cks/k esa ?kqyrk gqvk ns[kk tk ldrk gSA lp iwfN, rks lkSUn;Z pkgs izd`fr dk gks ;k euq"; dk] og lR; vkSj f'ko dh vksj gh mUeq[k gSA viuh ^izy;* dfork esa os izy; ds ftl Hk;kog :i dh l`f"V djrs gSa og gesa dgha Hkhrj rd FkjFkjk nsrh gSA fdUrq e`R;q dks ijkftr djus ds fy, dfo tks fodYi izLrqr djrk gS] og tSls gesa ,d u;h ÅtkZ ls nhIr dj nsrk gS& ^^bl nq[kh lalkj esa ftruk@cus ge lq[k yqVk nsa(@cu lds rks fu"dV e`nq gkl ds@nks du tqVk nsa(@nnZ dh Tokyk txk,¡] usg@Hkhxs xhr xk;sa(@pkgrs gSa xhr gh xkrs jgsa@fQj jhr tk,¡(@fd rc iNrk;sxh viuh@foo'krk ij izy; Hkh@er jgs rc >ksiM+h@feV tk; fQj uhye fuy; HkhA**22 fuLlUnsg dfo us ;gk¡ euq"; vkSj mldh ekuoh; laosnuk dh loksZifjrk dks js[kkafdr fd;k gS ftlds vkxs izy; Hkh foo'k gSA vius le; ls laokn Hkokuh HkkbZ dh dfork esa Hkh ekStwn gS fdUrq ;gk¡ mudk ijEijk'khy ltx Hkkjrh; ekul
  3. 3. 107SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 cjkcj bl laokn dks lkFkZd cukrk gSA ^^dqy feykdj dqN iqjkuk lk t¡prk Hkokuh HkkbZ dk BkB Qjd+ fn[kkbZ nsxk] ij os bls ysdj ,dne lgt vkSj vdqaB Hkko esa fn[ksaxsA**23 ftthfo"kk muds O;fDrRo dh Hkh 'kfDr gS vkSj dfork dh HkhA os VwV tkus] NwV tkus] QwV tkus ij O;fFkr ugha gksrs cfYd ,sls esa ,d vkarfjd lq[k dk vuqHko djrs gq, dg mBrs gSa& ^^;s fdlh fuf'pr fu;eØe dh ljklj lhf<+;k¡ gSa@ik¡o j[kdj c<+ jgh ftl ij fd viuh ihf<+;k¡ gSa@fcuk lh<+h ds c<+saxs rhj ds tSls c<+saxsA24 Hkokuh HkkbZ vius dfo&deZ dks Hkh vfdapurk dh vka[kksa ls ns[krs gSaA os viuh ok.kh dh nhurk dks HkyhHkkafr phUgrs Hkh gSa vkSj eglwl Hkh djrs gSaA ,slk dfo gh ok.kh ds cquus vkSj dadM+ ds pquus esa u fdlh ghurk dk vuqHko djrk gS 1 Hkokuh izlkn feJ lapf;rk] la- MkW- fot; cgknqj flag] JhdkUr tks'kh ds iz'uksa ds mRrj] i`- 519&20 2 ogh] v'kksd vks>k ls ckrphr] i`- 523 3 ogh] i`- 523 4 ogh] i`- 524 5 ogh] i`- 527 6 nwljk lIrd] la- v/;sjk] oDrO;] i`- 4 7 dfo ls] i`- 8 ogh] i`- 519 9 ogh] i`- 524 10 vUrjax lk{kkRdkj] MkW- d`".knRr ikyhoky] i`- 15&16 11 ogh] i`- 19 12 Hkokuh izlkn feJ lapf;rk] la- MkW- fot; cgknqj flag] JhdkUr tks'kh ds iz'uksa ds mRrj] i`- 526 u fdlh mRd"kZ dkA25 muds fy;s dfork djuk bruk lgt gS ftruk lkal ysukA blfy, mldk izHkko Hkh lgt vkSj eeZLi'khZ gksrk gSA èoU;kRedrk] y; vkSj xfr dks os vkeaf=r ugha djrs] os muds jpuk&deZ ds fy, Lo;afl) gSa& ^^fQlyh lh ixMaMh] f[klyh vk¡[k ythyh jh]@banz/kuq"k jax&jaxh] vkt eSa lgt j¡xhyh jh@#u>qu fcfN;k vkt fgykMqy esjh csuh jh]@Å¡ps&Å¡ps isax] fgaMksyk ljx ulSuh jhA**26 muds fcEc vkSj izrhd iqjkus gks ldrs gSa fdUrq vankts+ c;ka bruk thoUr] vkReh; vkSj ÅtkZoku gS fd og dfork dks vkSj u;k djrk tkrk gSA dPph xjh lh&f'k'kq dh g¡lrh vk¡[kksa lh mudh mYyflr ekuoh; laosnuk mudh dfork dks fo'oluh; Hkh cuk, j[krh gS vkSj iwjh eeZLif'kZrk ds lkFk laizs"k.kh; HkhA 13 vUrjax lk{kkRdkj MkW- d`".knRr ikyhoky] i`- 10 14 Hkokuh izlkn feJ lapf;rk] la- MkW- fot; cgknqj flag] ^Hkwfedk*] izHkkr f=ikBh] i`- 7 15 nwljk lIrd] la- vKs;] ^dey ds Qwy*] i`- 6 16 ogh] i`- 6 17 nwljk lIrd] la- vKs;] ^xhr Qjks'k* dfork] i`- 23 18 Hkokuh izlkn feJ lapf;rk] la- MkW- fot; cgknqj flag] ^Hkwfedk* izHkkr f=ikBh] i`- 8 19 nwljk lIrd] la- vKs;] ^lriqM+k ds taxy*] i`- 7 20 ogh] ^cw¡n Vidh ,d uHk ls* dfork] i`- 13 21 nwljk lIrd] la- vKs;] ^izy;* dfork] i`- 18 22 fganh lkfgR; vkSj laosnuk dk fodkl] MkW- jkeLo:i prqosZnh] i`- 209 23 nwljk lIrd] la- vKs;] ^VwVus dk lq[k*] dfork] i`- 15 24 ogh] ^ok.kh dh nhurk* dfork] i`- 26 25 ogh] ^eaxy o"kkZ*] i`- 14

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