1. character- a person who takes part in the action 2. protagonist- the good guy- usually the main character 3. antagonist- the bad guy 4. dialogue- what is being said among the characters 5. character traits- words that are used to describe the character’s personality 6. conflict- struggle or problem 7. external conflict-character struggles against an outside force character vs. character character vs. nature character vs. society 8. internal conflict- struggle that takes place within the character’s mind, usually a decision a. character vs. character 9. plot - chain of events in a story built around conflict 10. setting- when and where a story takes place 11. exposition - background information at the start of the story 12. rising action - where suspense builds 13. climax! - turning point- most exciting part! 14. falling action - little events after the climax 15. resolution- conflict ends, problem is solved 16. theme- lesson learned 16.main idea - what the story is mainly about, or a brief summary of the story 17. point-of-view- how the story is told, who is telling it? 18.1st person - author uses “I, me, we” 19.3rd person- author uses “he, she, they” 20. tone- the writer’s attitude/mood towards his subject Ex. humorous (funny), melancholy (sad), suspenseful (mystery), serious, fast-paced, etc.