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4 Countries


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4 Countries

  1. 1. 4 European Countries <ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>EQ: WHY are people attracted to certain regions to live? </li></ul>
  3. 3. U. K. <ul><li>4 regions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scotland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Ireland </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. ENGLAND
  5. 5. British Royal Guard
  6. 6. Beefeaters
  7. 7. Wales
  8. 8. Scotland
  9. 9. North Ireland
  10. 10. U.K. Population / Languages <ul><li>Population: 60 million people live in the U.K. </li></ul><ul><li>Wales – 2.9 millions </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland – 5.1 million </li></ul><ul><li>North Ireland – 1.8 million </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: 90% of the UK’s people live in cities. </li></ul><ul><li>Languages: </li></ul><ul><li>English, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic </li></ul>
  11. 11. Government <ul><li>Parliamentary Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>The political leader is called the Prime Minister. </li></ul><ul><li>The UK also has a constitutional monarchy , in which the king or queen is the official head of state. </li></ul>
  12. 12. British Parliament Building
  13. 13. Prime Minister – Gordon Brown
  14. 14. Queen Elizabeth of England
  15. 15. Location <ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>all the </li></ul><ul><li>ISLANDS?? </li></ul>
  16. 16. English Channel
  17. 17. Resources <ul><li>Major export: manufactured goods </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources: coal, petroleum, and </li></ul><ul><li>natural </li></ul><ul><li>gas </li></ul>
  18. 18. RUSSIA
  19. 19. Location
  20. 20. <ul><li>Saint </li></ul><ul><li>Basil’s </li></ul><ul><li>Cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>is one of </li></ul><ul><li>Russia’s </li></ul><ul><li>most famous </li></ul><ul><li>buildings. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Population / Languages <ul><li>Russia is one of the most populous countries in the world, with 145.5 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people live WEST of the Ural mountains, where the climate is mildest and the land is the most fertile. (see next slide) </li></ul><ul><li>Russian and local village languages </li></ul>
  22. 23. (population map)
  23. 24. Government <ul><li>Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia has moved away from a communist government. </li></ul><ul><li>Today Russia is a democracy , (a government in which people freely elect their leaders) AND </li></ul><ul><li>a federal republic (the power is divided between national and state governments) </li></ul>
  24. 25. President - Dmitry Medvedev
  25. 26. Climate <ul><li>Western Russia has a continental climate . Summers are warm and rainy, while winters are cold and snowy. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Climate <ul><li>Northern Russia is a tundra and the land is frozen all year. </li></ul><ul><li>Siberia is a famous part of the Russian tundra. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Siberia
  28. 29. Natural Resources <ul><li>Major export: petroleum </li></ul><ul><li>Bauxite, coal, copper, fishing, </li></ul>
  29. 30. GERMANY
  30. 31. Location <ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>the LAND on </li></ul><ul><li>sides? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>the small </li></ul><ul><li>peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>on top? </li></ul>
  31. 33. Population / Language <ul><li>Germany has 82.6 </li></ul><ul><li>million people. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of its rivers </li></ul><ul><li>and fertile land, Germany’s </li></ul><ul><li>northern plain has many </li></ul><ul><li>cities and towns. </li></ul><ul><li>People speak German. </li></ul>
  32. 34. The Rhine River <ul><li>The Rhine River </li></ul><ul><li>Has a HUGE impact </li></ul><ul><li>on Germany’s </li></ul><ul><li>cities, population, </li></ul><ul><li>economy and </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation. </li></ul>
  33. 35. Government <ul><li>Federal Republic (US and Russia) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in which the national and state governments share power. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Chancellor - chosen by the parliament and is the real head of government. </li></ul><ul><li>President - serves as head of state, but only has ceremonial powers. </li></ul>
  34. 36. President and Chancellor <ul><li>President: </li></ul><ul><li>Horst Köhler </li></ul><ul><li>Chancellor: </li></ul><ul><li>Angela Merkel </li></ul>
  35. 37. Climate <ul><li>Because of its mountainous landscape, Germany has a cool climate. Part of the Alps are in the South. </li></ul>
  36. 38. Natural Resources <ul><li>The Ruhr ranks (in west Germany) has one of the WORLD’s LARGEST deposits of coal and iron ore . </li></ul><ul><li>Black Forest is a huge producer of timber. </li></ul>
  37. 39. ITALY
  38. 40. Location <ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>the funny </li></ul><ul><li>Peninsula? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>How close it </li></ul><ul><li>is to Africa? </li></ul>
  39. 42. Population <ul><li>Italy has 57.2 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>About 70% of the population live in towns and cities. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 90% of Italians work in manufacturing and service industries. </li></ul>
  40. 43. Languages <ul><li>The people of Italy speak Italian </li></ul><ul><li>(which developed from Latin, the language of ancient Rome) </li></ul><ul><li>Italian is closely related to French and Spanish </li></ul>
  41. 44. Natural Resources <ul><li>Major export: metal </li></ul><ul><li>coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land </li></ul>
  42. 45. Government <ul><li>After WWII, Italy became a democratic government , although it is not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Many political parties exist in Italy, and no single party has been strong enough to gain control alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Italy is unique because often two or more political parties work together to run the country. </li></ul>
  43. 46. President – Giorgio Napolitano
  44. 47. Climate <ul><li>Most of Italy has a mild climate of sunny summers and rainy winters. </li></ul><ul><li>In spring and summer, hot dry winds called siroccos blow across Italy from North Africa. </li></ul>
  45. 48. 4 European Countries….. <ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Which one would you live in? </li></ul>