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Chpt 6 learning goals
 

Chpt 6 learning goals

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    Chpt 6 learning goals Chpt 6 learning goals Document Transcript

    • Chpt 6 Learning Goals 1. Discuss the key processes and four stages in Piaget’s theory.  What are the key processes in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development?  What are Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development?  What are the main characteristics of the sensorimotor stage?  What are the main characteristics of the preoperational stage?  What are the main characteristics of the concrete operational stage?  What are the main characteristics of the formal operational stage? 2. Apply Piaget’s theory to education, and evaluate Piaget’s theory.  How can Piaget’s theory be applied to educating children?  What are some key contributions and criticisms of Piaget’s theory? 3. Identify the main concepts in Vygotsky’s theory, and compare it with Piaget’s theory.  What is the zone of proximal development?  What is scaffolding?  How did Vygotsky view language and thought?  How can Vygotsky’s theory be applied to education?  What are some similarities and differences between Vygotsky’s and Piaget’s theories? 4. Describe cognitive changes in adulthood.  What is Piaget’s view of adult cognitive development?  Do young adults retain the idealism of the formal operational stage?  What is Perry’s view of cognitive changes from adolescence to adulthood?  What characteristics have been proposed for a fifth, postformal stage of cognitive development? Key TermsA-not-B error Formal operational stage Postformal thoughtAccommodation Hypothetical-deductive reasoning ScaffoldingAdolescent egocentrism Imaginary audience Schemas (schemes)Animism Intuitive thought substage Sensorimotor stageAssimilation Neo-Piagetians SeriationCentration Object permanence Social constructivist approachConcrete operational stage Operations Symbolic function substageConservation Organization TransitivityEgocentrism Personal fable Zone of proximal developmentEquilibration Preoperational stage Key People Renee Baillargeon Barbel Inhelder William Perry Elena Bodrova Gisela Labouvie-Vief Jean Piaget David Elkind Deborah Leong K. Warner Schaie Rachel Gelman Andrew Meltzoff Lev Vygotsky