PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT IN
THE CHANGING SENSE OF SELF CONTROL
Children’s evaluation of themselves and their competencies
Self-esteem (Self Worth):
How Children rank themselves compared with others.
Children’s sense of self-esteem; related to athletic competence, peer popularity,
physical apperance, and behavior.
Restraint exercised over impulses, emotions, or desires
Children and Impulse Control
A child’s lack of ability to delay gratification.
Children think what they do in different terms.
The Influence of Peers
Refers to youngsters who are similar in age to other
children, usually within 12 months of one another.
Level of social complexity
Several level of social complexity these are following
Friendship: Non familial relationship that offers the feelings of warmth and
Social perspective taking: The idea that how child relate to others
Level of social perspective taking
Level Friendship Years
0 Depends on physical closeness. 03-06
1 Depends on someone doing what a child wants or a child does
what another wants.
2 Depends on desirable interactions. A “meeting of the
3 Includes mutual interest and sharing. 10-15
4 Depends on open and flexible relationships to satisfy
Schools and Middle Childhood
Are Schools really that important?
Schools and Development
Schools, Development and Learning
TELEVISION AND DEVELOPMENT
3 Hours of television per day
1 Hour of computer games
48 minutes of recorded music
44 minutes of reading
39 minutes of radio
How active are children in the process?
To what do they attend?
How much do they understand?
How much do they remember
Television and Violence
Children views an estimated 10.000 to 15,000 acts
of violence each year.
61% of all shows contain violence, with children’s
programming being the most violent.
26% of all violent acts involve the use of guns.
Children can learn that violence is acceptable to
resolve conflicts and achieve goals.