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Lifespan Psychology Module 6 Middle Childhood Powerpoint

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CC-BY-SA 3.0 Powerpoint on Middle Childhood by Laura Overstreet from Lifespan Psychology: http://opencourselibrary.org/econ-201/

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Lifespan Psychology Module 6 Middle Childhood Powerpoint

  1. 1. Middle Childhood
  2. 2. Middle Childhood PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
  3. 3. The Healthiest Time  Growth slows  Gain 5-7 pounds and 2 inches per year  Slim down  Muscle strength and lung capacity  Motor skills improve
  4. 4. Children and Sports  Sports are best when parents stay home  College Sports Excesses Seep Into High School
  5. 5. Childhood Obesity  16-33 percent American children obese  Doubled since 1980s  Orthopedic, self-esteem problems  Pediatric type II diabetes on the rise
  6. 6. School Lunches
  7. 7. Nutrients for the Day
  8. 8. Middle Childhood COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
  9. 9. Concrete Operational Stage  Classification  Identity: 5 is always 5  Reversibility: 2+3=5 and 5-3=2  Reciprocity: 4x6=2x12
  10. 10. Information Processing Theory  Sensory register  Working memory  Knowledge base  Processing speed improves  Metacognition: strategize
  11. 11. Language Development  Vocabulary growth at 20 words per day  5th graders know about 40,000 words  New understanding of words  Grammar more easily learned
  12. 12. Kohlberg’s Moral Development  Preconventional based on reward and punishment  Conventional based on what other people think  Postconventional based on the welfare of others rather than self
  13. 13. Developmental Problems Consequences of labeling Self-fulfilling prophecy
  14. 14. Autism Spectrum Disorders  Autism or “selfism”  Poor language skills  Sensitive to touch, sound, detail  Fear change and prefer repetition  Lack social awareness or social emotions  Asperger’s syndrome
  15. 15. Learning Disability: “A measured discrepancy between expected learning and actual accomplishment in a particular academic area” (Berger, p. 282)
  16. 16. Learning Difficulties  Specific to academic skills (not retardation)  Dyslexia (reading)  Dyscalcula (math)  Attention deficit disorder (attention)  Numerous causes
  17. 17. Assessment of Intellectual Skills  Achievement tests are designed to measure what kids have learned  Aptitude tests are designed to measure potential to learn  IQ tests are a type of aptitude test
  18. 18. Gardner’s Domains of Intelligence  Logical-mathematical  Linguistic  Spatial  Bodily-kinesthetic  Musical  Intrapersonal  Interpersonal  Naturalistic  Existential
  19. 19. Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence  Academic (Componential)  Creative (experiential)  Practical (contextual)
  20. 20. The World of School  Parental involvement  Family capital  Student perspectives  McLaren  Student state (298 minutes)  Street corner state (66)  Home state  Sanctity state
  21. 21. Cultural Influences  Hidden curriculum  What lessons do children learn that are not part of the stated curriculum?
  22. 22. Psychosocial Development
  23. 23. The Society of Children  A living laboratory for social skills  Popular-prosocial children  Popular-antisocial children  Withdrawn-rejected children  Aggressive-rejected children
  24. 24. Self-Concept  Where do the comparisons come from? http://www.bratz.com/ Industry vs. Inferiority
  25. 25. False Self-Training: Being a child but being held to external, adult standards; having developmental needs denied
  26. 26. Child Sexual Abuse  Sexual act with a child performed by an adult or an older child  Disregard for child’s developmental immaturity and inability to understand the sexual behavior (Steele)
  27. 27. Consequences of Abuse  Traumatic Sexualization  Betrayal  Powerlessness  Stigmatization
  28. 28. Family Tasks  Food, clothing, shelter  Encourage learning  Developing self-esteem  Nurturing friendships  Providing harmony/stability
  29. 29. Divorce’s Impact Depends on:  Degree of conflict prior to divorce  Amount of financial hardship  Actions of divorcing couple  Adjustment of custodial parent
  30. 30. Short Term Consequences (First Year)  Grieving over loss  Reduced standard of living  Adjusting to transitions  Relief from conflict
  31. 31. Long Term Negative Consequences  Greater anxiety about marriage  Unrealistically high expectations for a partner  Economic/Occupational impact (tied to financial hardship rather than divorce)
  32. 32. Positive Consequences: Beyond the Deficit Model  Most lead happy, well-adjusted lives  Better relationship with custodial parent  More communication with mothers  More democratic parenting  Freedom to escape negative role models  Greater emotional independence in sons
  33. 33. How to Take Care of Yourself During Divorce  Take care of your own mental health  Allow children to grieve  Try to have a conflict-free relationship with ex  Comfortable, healthy environment
  34. 34. Impact of Repartnering  Remarriage more difficult than divorce  Changes in parenting  Disagreement over roles
  35. 35. Impact of Repartnering  Impact on parental involvement  Greatest involvement when neither partner has remarried  Least involvement when father has remarried and mother has not
  36. 36. Impact of Repartnering  Dating concerns  Cohabitation and severed ties
  37. 37. Stepfamilies/Blended Families  As common today as in the 1700-1800s  From divorce rather than death  “Incomplete institution” (Cherlin)  Do children in stepfamilies have more difficulties than those in single-parent families?
  38. 38. Characteristics of Stepfamilies  More complex  Born of loss  Love not assumed  Unclear roles  Sexual attractions
  39. 39. Ten Commandments for Step parenting  Neutral territory  No preconceived roles  Set limits  Past loyalties  Neutral responses  No instant love
  40. 40. Developmental Stages of Stepfamilies  A 7 year process  Early stages  Fantasy, immersion, and awareness  Middle stages  Mobilization and action  Later stages  Contact and resolution

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