Gallaghers' i2 guidebook

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This guidebook was created for Professor Mulligan and demonstrates basic and advanced charting techniques in i2 Analyst Notebook 8. The guidebook is a summation of essential skills in i2’s Analyst Notebook 8 user guide. The purpose of this guidebook is to aid MCIIS students augment techniques taught in the Advanced Intelligence class.

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Gallaghers' i2 guidebook

  1. 1. Page |0 I2 Analyst Notebook viii Guidebook A Visual Step by Step Guide of Introductory and Advanced Charting tep Introductory Techniques Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  2. 2. Page |1 Tasking To create a guidebook for Professor Mulligan that demonstrates basic and advanced charting techniques in i2 Analyst book Notebook 8. The guidebook is a summation of essential skills in i2’s Analyst Notebook 8 user guide. The purpose of this guidebook is to aid MCIIS students augment techniques taught in the Advanced Intelligence class. Annex I: Written By Michael B. Gallagher Annex II & III: Written By James E. Gallagher : Note This is a wonderful example of planting a seed and getting out of the way to allow smart people to exceed expectati expectations. It began with a short discussion in the lab (where the Gallagers were helping some students with i2). I mentioned their unique position to create a “short” tutorial to help students become familiar with i2 and alleviate numerous frustrations in creating a basic link chart. They creating graciously agreed to put some of their thoughts and tips together for future students. I never imagined they would take the project to its present level of detail. Despite busy schedules, they voluntarily spent numerous hou creating an extremely detailed (click hours n (click-by- click screenshots) guidebook to walk a new i2 user through the process of creating a link chart. And then they created addit additional sections outlining advanced features and capabilities . The result is an invaluable resource for any i2 user (from beginners to uable advanced analysts). I am proud of their product and thankful for the opportunity to play a small part in it. On behalf of all who will benefit from their effort I wish to express sincere gratitude. Dan Mulligan Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  3. 3. Page |2 Table of Contents TASKING ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .............................................................................. 1 BACKGROUND ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................... 4 ANNEX I: INTRODUCTORY AND BASIC TECHNIQUES ................................ ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................. 6 OPENING I2 ANALYST NOTEBOOK 8................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .......................................................................... 8 PAGE AND PRINTER SETUP ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ...................................................... 9 SAVING ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................. 12 WHAT YOUR LINK CHART SHOULD HAVE BEFORE YOU BEGIN ................................ ................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................... 13 COUNTRY STUDY LINK CHART GRADING RUBRIC ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................ 13 DIFFERENT CURSORS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................ 15 OBJECTS AND LINKS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................. 16 ENTITY REPRESENTATIONS................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 18 MORE CHART ITEMS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................ 19 MISCELLANEOUS TIPS................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................... 20 USING THE EDIT BOX ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................... 22 EDITING AN ITEM’S TEXT................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................. 24 EDITING AN ITEM’S DESCRIPTION AND GRADE................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................. 25 EDITING AN ITEM’S TYPE (COLOR & SHADING) ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................... 26 EDITING AN ITEM’S DISPLAY ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................ 27 EDITING AN ITEM’S FONT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................ 30 OLE OBJECTS ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ..................................................................... 31 FINDING HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGES ON GOOGLE IMAGE ................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................ 37 COPYING AND PASTING IMAGES FROM ONLINE ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ......................................................... 41 SETTING IMAGES AS BACKGROUNDS................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................ 43 CREATING LINKS BETWEEN ITEMS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... 47 CHANGING LINE COLOR, SIZE, ATTITUDE AND DIRECTION................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................ 49 UTILIZING MICROSOFT WORD 2007................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................... 51 ANNEX II: LAYOUTS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .................................................. 63 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  4. 4. Page |3 WRITTEN INTELLIGENCE VS. VISUAL INTELLIGENCE ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 65 HOW TO LAYOUT YOUR LINK CHART ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................... 66 BASIC LAYOUT ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................... 66 TARGET CENTRIC LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 68 TARGET CENTRIC VS. HIERARCHY ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................ 69 TIME LINE LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .............................................................. 71 GEO-SPATIAL LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................................... 73 IMAGE LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................... 75 LAYOUTS WITH MICROSOFT OFFICE 2007 ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................... 77 ANALYTICAL LAYOUTS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................................... 81 CIRCULAR CHART LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... 81 GROUPED CHART LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... 83 HIERARCHY CHART LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................... 83 MINIMIZE CROSSED LINKS LAYOUT ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................... 86 ORGANIZATION LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................. 86 COMPACT PEACOCK LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................... 89 PEACOCK CHART LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... 89 ANNEX III: ADVANCED TECHNIQUES ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................ 86 THEME LINES ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................... 94 SETTING UP THEME LINES ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 94 CUSTOMIZING THEME LINES ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................ 100 ADDING AN EVENT FRAME TO YOUR CHART................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................ 101 CHANGING THE SEGMENT COLOR AND STRENGTH OF YOUR THEME LINE ................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 106 IMPORTING DATA ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .............................................................. 112 CHANGING THE LAYOUT OF THE DATA ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................... 126 SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................ 133 IMPORTING MORE ADVANCED WORKSHEETS ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ......................................................... 139 CONCLUSION ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................... 165 SOURCES ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................... 166 PRIMARY CONTACT INFORMATION................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................ 172 SECONDARY CONTACT INFORMATION ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................... 173 I2 CONTACT INFORMATION ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................. 174 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  5. 5. Page |4 Background This guidebook is an attempt to summarize essential skills in i2’s Analyst Notebook 925 page user guide The techniques in uide. this guidebook are a small glimpse of what i2 Analyst Notebook 8 is capable of producing. A fledgling i2 user should not be bound to these steps when creating a presentable or analytical link chart. All of the steps in this handbook can be combined in several different ways. Steps from the Advanced Techniques Annex can be combined with steps from the Introductory Techniques Annex and vice ctory versa. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies 3928 Wayne Street Erie, PA 16546 http://www.mciis.org/ Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  6. 6. Page |5 Page Left Blank Intentionally Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  7. 7. Page |6 Annex I Introductory and Basic Techniques Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  8. 8. Page |7 Page Left Blank Intentionally Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  9. 9. Page |8 Opening i2 Analyst Notebook 8 Step 1 (1) Click Start (2) Then click All Programs (3) Then click i2. Next click i2 Analyst Notebook 8 (4) Finally, click i2 Analyst Notebook 8. 2 3 1 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  10. 10. Page |9 Page and Printer Setup A crucial skill to making good link charts is using a given amount of space efficiently. The analyst must designate what is he important and set aside the required space for it. The mo difficult aspect of creating a link chart is to effectively use the space to most o create a visually aesthetic chart that is easy to follow while accurately portraying intelligence. Therefore, when preparing to create a link chart, it is recommended that the first step is to setup the page area. The reason for this is so the analyst identifies available workspace for the link chart. Note: setting up the page will also set up the correct printer destination. Step 1 1 (1) Click File in the upper right hand corner (2) Then click Page Setup 2 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  11. 11. P a g e | 10 Step 2 Note: These steps are required for large (plotter size) link charts. The page setup box will appear. Click Printer Setup to select the proper printer. Step 3 Select Printer CLASSIFIED CLASSIFIEDMCIISPRO5. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  12. 12. P a g e | 11 Step 4 Select paper size ANSI E and click OK. Step 5 The page border will appear and the analyst can begin populating the page space. Objects in here Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  13. 13. P a g e | 12 Saving WARNING: i2 often tends to freeze up, which requires the analyst to close i2 and reboot it, losing any information that was placed in i2 from the last saving point. Saving is an extremely important part of working with i2. Save constantly and correctly. . Click the symbol on the top left hand side, fill the appropriate information and save in the desired location. Save in at least three different locations. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  14. 14. P a g e | 13 th The 7 central Node (The pink Administrative terrorism box) Title What Your Link Chart Should H Have Before You Begin Information provides a more target centric model. In this example, all aspects of Afghanistan are influenced by Al- Tasking Qaida and other terrorist organizations. Analytical Findings Link analysis of structure, function, and process Legend Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  15. 15. P a g e | 14 Country Study Link Chart Grading Rubric Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  16. 16. P a g e | 15 Different Cursors There are two cursor options within i2, and each serve a different purpose. Confusion in cursors can lead an analyst to believe , his or her chart is frozen, causing much unneeded frustration. Drag Chart: This cursor will drag the chart for viewing purposes. This is used for viewing the chart and will not change an object’s location or state. Select/Move: This cursor will select objects and move the objects as the analyst wishes. This is used for creating and editing charts. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  17. 17. P a g e | 16 Objects and Links Once the page is setup, various objects (i.e. icons, pictures, boxes, circles, links, titles, legends, etc…) can be selected and placed onto the page. Furthermore, links can be established between objects to show relationships and relevance. inks Icons Step 1 Click the button on the top right hand corner to view icons. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  18. 18. P a g e | 17 Step 2 Click on the desired icon and drag it onto the page. Note: The icons must be set to common (indicated by the add chart items box on right). Step 3 To select from more objects, click the on the top right. To find more objects click the search or click all entity types types. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  19. 19. P a g e | 18 Entity Representations Representation Add Chart Items Task Bar Button Example ICON THEME LINE EVENT FRAME BOX CIRCLE TEXT BLOCK OLE OBJECT Piece of text LABEL Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  20. 20. P a g e | 19 More Chart Items Once the page is established, various objects (i.e. icons, pictures, boxes, circles, links, titles, legends, etc…) can be selected , and placed onto the page. Refer to the page numbers to learn more about the objects. Event Frame Circle Page 101 Icon OLE Object (Pictures) Page 31 Theme Line Box Text Block Page 100 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  21. 21. P a g e | 20 Miscellaneous Tips Each item will have an identity (circled in red). To move the identity around the item, simply press and hold n the (ALT) key and click the identity and drag to the desired location. Hold and Drag Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  22. 22. P a g e | 21 To move multiple items together, click and highlight the items completely and the item identities will , item’s shade black. Simply click and drag one of the items which will in turn drag all the selected items along with it. Drag and release your cursor here. Place the cursor on a location outside the area Place the cursor on a highlighted area, left rsor you want to click, and drag drag. encapsulate within the square. Left click and hold down to draw your square. Drag the cursor to the Drag other end of the Meeting 1 box. Lastly, release your cursor (The left click). Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  23. 23. P a g e | 22 Using the Edit Box All chart items can be edited by double clicking on the item or by right clicking and selecting “edit item properties Once the properties.” edit box comes up a plethora of options are available to the analyst. Edits can be made to the object’s color, size, font, te and more. text, Double Click Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  24. 24. P a g e | 23 Possible Entity Information (Displayed Below the Entity) Theme Line (Refer to Annex III) Refer Pin Label Available Fields Description Source Type Source Reference Grades Date & Time Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  25. 25. P a g e | 24 Editing An Item’s Text Edit an items Identity No two items can have the same identity. To overcome this, select this box and fill the desired item’s name in the box labeled “labels” Enter desired name for item after selecting the check box from above. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  26. 26. P a g e | 25 Note: References are required Editing An Item’s Description & Grade Students should place their URL source under the REFERENCE box. If students have more than one URL source, place the main URL source in the Reference box, and paste the remaining URL sources under the DESCRIPTION box. The analyst can enter a description of the item and/or use this area for sourcing. Grades Source Where the item’s info came Grade A-E from (i.e. Informant, record, victim, witness, officer, etc…) Grade 1-5 Reference the item’s source. This can be done either by URL Classification (i.e. or reference document on drive. top secret, secret, unclassified, etc…) Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  27. 27. P a g e | 26 Editing An Item’s Type (Color, Size, Shading, & More) Select to change item’s size to desired pr proportions. Select pull down list to order Select color to desired items by type. By selecting shading for Item. This color the items color may be will shade an icon, changed. NOT a text box, box or a circle. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  28. 28. P a g e | 27 Note: This is optional and not necessary when making a presentable link chart. Editing An Item’s Display If one wants to display information regarding the item below the icon, then this feature would be used. Displayed information includes ould date & time, description, grades, labels, pin, source reference and source type. ades, Date & Time: Displays date & time which is entered in the “Data” folder above the “Style” folder. Date & Time: Displays date & time which is entered in the “Data” folder, which is above the “Style” folder. Description: A description of the item. The description is entered in the “Data” folder. Description: & Grades: This is where the description, along with grades, classification, source type and reference can be entered. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  29. 29. P a g e | 28 Note: This is optional and not necessary when making a presentable link chart. Grades: Entered under the description and grade section of the “Data” folder. Grades: Shows the items grades, which include grade 1 (A-E), grade 2 (1-5), and grade 3 (classification). 5), Label: The items label (or identity) Label: Entered under the identity section of the “Data” folder. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  30. 30. P a g e | 29 Note: This is optional and not necessary when making a presentable link chart. Pin: connects items to theme lines (theme lines are timelines. This is discussed in Annex III (page #). Source Reference & Type: Shows the Items source/reference (can be either URL or document from drive). Source Type shows where the source came from (Informant, intelligence, officer, witness, victim, etc…). fficer, Source Reference & Type: can be entered in the description and grades section of the “Data” folder. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  31. 31. P a g e | 30 Editing An Item’s Font This font area operates much like Microsoft word would and is self explanatory. The font changes font, font style changes style (bold, italics, etc…), size changes font size, color changes font color and shading highlights the font. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  32. 32. P a g e | 31 OLE Objects OLE Objects are, for the most part, images. Videos can be added to the link chart through this object (Media Clip). There are many ways to add images to i2. We will explore some of those ways. e OLE Objects As with the icons, simply click and drag any of these objects. It is n relevant which not one is chosen The only difference is the chosen. label will be different (label can be changed or erased). Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  33. 33. P a g e | 32 When the object is clicked and dragged onto the screen, this “insert object” b box appears. From here a plethora of options are available. Only the key points will be discussed. Also, if an image is saved on the computer’s drive, the image may n be placed with the “create from file” feature. Selecting this will allow the analyst to upload their images from the computer or a flash drive. The results area of the “Insert Objects” box will show the results of each section. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  34. 34. P a g e | 33 Select “Bitmap Image.” A Microsoft paint window will come up. Images can be pasted in and with the editing tools of paint the picture can be formatted or simply left alone. Exit the paint window and the image will appear on i2. Images can also simply be . drawn on Paint and brought to i2 by exiting the paint window. Once the image is inserted into word and formatted to the analyst’s needs, simply exit the paint window and the image will appear on i2. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  35. 35. P a g e | 34 Once the image is in it can be edited just like any other item, by double clicking on the object. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  36. 36. P a g e | 35 The “create from file” selection can be used to import images from the computer’s (or network) drive into i2. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  37. 37. P a g e | 36 Select the desired image. Click OK and the image will appear on the i2 sheet. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  38. 38. P a g e | 37 Finding High Resolution Images on Google Images Go To http://www.google.com/ and click Images Type in Key Word Click Search Images Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  39. 39. P a g e | 38 Click Large. This will refine your image search to only large, high resolution images. After clicking Large high Large, resolution images will appear. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  40. 40. P a g e | 39 Use these Additional options to further refine your search Refer to next page for information regarding theme colors. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  41. 41. P a g e | 40 To find pictures to match a certain color theme for your report or link chart, use this feature Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  42. 42. P a g e | 41 Copying and Pasting Images from online – The Easiest Way to Place Pictures From Online To i2 m Go online and find desired picture, right click on picture and picture, select “copy “copy.” Select “Edit” on the tool bar and click “Paste Special…” Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  43. 43. P a g e | 42 Simply select “OK” Simply select “OK.” Commence editing picture as desired. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  44. 44. P a g e | 43 Setting Images as Backgrounds Setting images (or any other i2 object) as a background can be very beneficial. Backgrounds can be set in order to prevent the items from falling behind other items. For this example, we will be using two maps, which will be set as backgrounds so icons and h links can be placed over them (geo-spacial layout; Pag 73). spacial Page Both pictures are currently not backgrounds a able and to be moved. The first step will be to select both images by holding Ctrl and clicking both images. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  45. 45. P a g e | 44 Click on View and select Make Background. The images are now a background and other objects are ready to be laid over the images. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  46. 46. Example of Entities in Front of a Background P a g e | 45 Afghanistan Pakistan The chart items remain over the background and will not fall to back if the picture where still an image instead of a background. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  47. 47. To Change or Modify Background Images (Bring Background to Front) P a g e | 46 Afghanistan Pakistan Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  48. 48. P a g e | 47 Creating Links Between Items Once chart items are established, links can be made between items to show relation, flow, or relevance. Inserts corners on already established links. Creates link between two Changes link’s color items. and name without having to double click to open editing box. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  49. 49. P a g e | 48 Click, place crosshair over the item and click on the item. Click the second desired item. Multiple links can be established between items. Furthermore, the links can be edited to show direction and color and thickness can be changed. The number of links can be shown to reflect the strength of the relationship. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  50. 50. P a g e | 49 Confirmed creates a smooth line, Changing Link Color, Size, Attitude, & Direction unconfirmed creates a dashed To change color, select “color” under the line, an tentative creates a and palette and a list of colors will appear. dotted line. Increases line thickness, ranges from 1-32. Changes links into arrows which shows direction. If one wanted to change the top six links at once, start by holding down the “Ctrl” key and selecting the top six links. Double click one of the Double links and bring up the edit box, the select “Type” under the “style”, then “Links” folder. Here we can change the links width, strength (dotted & “style”, dashed lines), color, and direction. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  51. 51. P a g e | 50 Links showing all four described changes. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  52. 52. P a g e | 51 Utilizing Microsoft Word 2007 in i2 Microsoft Word 2007 offers a plethora of visual features that allow for most, if not all shapes, nodes, arrows, titles, legends, features etc…, to be made on word and placed on i2 as a background where other i2 objects can be layered over the background. Microsoft excel charts can be utilized the same way as word graphics. Below are a few examples of link charts that utilize Microsoft Word and Excel 2007. *Note: i2 does not have the color orange for arrows or shape outline. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  53. 53. P a g e | 52 This chart illustrates how Microsoft smart art and excel graphs can be utilized to visually present information with features and shapes that i2 does not offer. These features include thick, gradient arrows that bend smoothly. Smooth gradient arrows are mo more aesthetically pleasing to the human eye. i2’s bend link feature tends to bend abruptly. The only parts of this chart that did not derive ’s from Microsoft word are the information within the 10 circles surrounding the Salix node. Template for i2 created using Microsoft Word 2007. Other The final i2 chart once the template was populated with Microsoft word items where added separately to the chart the proper information using i2 chart items. along with other excel chart items. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  54. 54. P a g e | 53 Vs. Using Microsoft Word 2007’s smart chart and shape features, this template was created and then turned to a JPG The image was set as a background (page 43) and the appropriate i2 objects were placed within the designated nodes and links were created. This creates an extremely file via screen shot. visual chart with flowing, gradient colored arrows. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  55. 55. P a g e | 54 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  56. 56. P a g e | 55 The three main features used to create templates to insert into i2 are “Shapes”, “Smart Art”, and “Word Art.” Basic templates can be created using strictly shapes. However, for more advanced visual templates, “Smart Art” should be used. “Word , Art” is used strictly for creating text that can bend. This enables the bent text to be placed over a bent arrow. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  57. 57. P a g e | 56 To insert a shape, click on the desired shape, and with the crosshair on the sheet, create the desired proportions for the shape. In our example here we are using a rectangle. To add text into the rectangle, simply right click on the rectangle and select “Edit Text.” Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  58. 58. P a g e | 57 Select multiple shapes and use the align feature to perfectly align the shapes. The “bring to front” and “send to back” selections are very important in layering objects over one another. For example, this shape (the one you are Fills the shape with the desired reading in) is in color. Furthermore, the Changes the shape’s Gives the shape a shadow. Also “front” of the picture shape’s color can be made border/outline color and note the 3-d effects on the d behind it. gradient. This can be used thickness. Can also make the effectively with arrows. right of the shadow effects shape’s outline dashed. feature. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  59. 59. Note: The arrows on this page P a g e | 58 were made with Smart Art Example of Smart Art Graphics Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  60. 60. P a g e | 59 Click the “Word Art” icon and choose the desired text type (a simple font is preferred). Click OK Once the font type is chosen, enter the desired text. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  61. 61. P a g e | 60 Drag Once the desired text is entered, text wrap the text to be in front of text and bend the word as needed to fit the grade of the curved shape or arrow. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  62. 62. P a g e | 61 The word art is now over the arrow. The analyst is ready to take a print screen, crop the image in paint and copy and paste it into i2. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  63. 63. P a g e | 62 Page Left Blank Intentionally Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  64. 64. P a g e | 63 Annex II Layouts Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  65. 65. P a g e | 64 Page Left Blank Intentionally Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  66. 66. P a g e | 65 Written Intelligence vs. Visual Intelligence A link chart is a tool to visually convey information or intelligence to a decision maker (DM). Most DMs don’t want lenghty y reports. Sometimes, DMs may not have time to read your report. A link chart offers the solution to this problem. A link chart substitutes written information with visual information. Furthermore, a link chart aids in visually map ing ideas, easily conveying mapping information and visually helping to close intelligence gaps. A link chart is a great tool because it takes large amounts of information and visually and accurately depicts it onto one sheet. A link chart can also identify patterns in data that might be missed using other to analytical approaches. Furthermore, the advanced charting techniques will reduce the time spent on analysis and deliver rich, advanced actionable intelligence. During the analysis process, analysts have several different analytical models at their disposal. Because one model does not ecause work for every problem. The model that works best for a certain problem is the one the analyst should use. The same is true about link charts. There are several different approaches to making a link chart. These approaches come in the form of different types of layouts. The layout the analyst will use depend on the problem, the amount of space provided, and whether or not the analyst is depends making the chart for presentation or analysis. If the analyst is making a chart with the intent to print it, then space becomes a factor. If intent printing is not a factor, then the analyst does not have to take space into consideration. Note: Why space is a facor to take into consideration is discused on page nine of this guidebook. From Written to Visual Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  67. 67. P a g e | 66 How to Layout your Link Chart Depending on the problem, and possibly the amount of space, there are several ways to layout your link chart. These layouts are described in detail throughout this section. Basic Layout The Basic layout is the term used for the most rudimentary layout for a link chart. This approach simply populates the chart with boxes that will be used to categorize information. Next, the relevant information can then be placed into the appropriate boxes in the link chart. After this, information in the chart can then be linked to one another in terms of their relevance This approach is good relevance. for learning how to make a link chart, but is not the most effective method for analyzing information or intelligence. This is because intelligence. the information is not layed out in an “objective orientated” manner; the information is scattered rather than targeted at an objective, ; goal, or intelligence gap. Legend Title Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  68. 68. P a g e | 67 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of a Basic Layout
  69. 69. P a g e | 68 Target Centric Layout The Target Centric layout is one of the most effective la layouts for a link chart. In the Target Centric layout the target (the layout, center) is usually the problem (the requirment or the intelligence gap that you are trying to solve). The book that best justifies the the reason for why intel analysts should think “target centric” is Intelligence Analysis; A Target-Centric Approach by Robert Clark. Clark Centric describes how some of the most common intelligence failures are associated with the traditional Intelligence Cycle, which is either a ntelligence linear process or a cycle. The target centric apporach is an “objective orientated” view of the intelligence process; it is neither a linear process nor is it a cycle. Legend Title Target Target Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  70. 70. P a g e | 69 Target Centric vs. Hierarchy Compared to the traditional hierarchical layout, the target centric layout is vastly superior. The hierchal layout connects all of the entities to the leader at the top of the chart. Though this layout is good for connecting entities to the leader, it doesn’t show how the entities are connected to each other. The target centric layout demonstrates how all of the entities are interrelated to each other, and to the leader. An example of this was when Colonel James Hickey (US Army) asked his analysts to make a network diagram of people in Saddam Hussein’s regime. The network diagram was to show who these people were and how they relate to each other. Unlike the traditional hierarchical layout (where the leader is at the ve top), the network diagram created for COL Hickey had Saddam Hussein where very at the very center (target centric). The network diagram closed se several intelligence gaps for COL Hickey. Furthermore, analysts discovered additional information that a hierarch chical layout would not reveal. Hierarchy vs. Target Centric Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  71. 71. P a g e | 70 Saddam Hussein Network Diagram Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of a Target Centric Layout
  72. 72. P a g e | 71 Time Line Layout The “Time Line” layout is the most effective layout to analyze data involving time, or a sequence of events. Timeline charts show a chronology of events over a period of time— example, a series of phone calls or transactions. These iteams have controlling —for items: date and time. This method of charting is described in detail in Annex III: Advanced Techniques. January February March April May Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  73. 73. P a g e | 72 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of Time Line Layout
  74. 74. P a g e | 73 Geo-Spatial Layout The “Geo-Spatial” layout is most effective at conveying information or intelligence on a map or several maps layered together. This layout can be used to visually illustrate the movement of money transactions, materials or persons on a map. When using this materials, layout, the map will be set as a background so that other objects do not fall behind the image (how to make images background is ow described in Annex II: Introductory Techniques After the map is set as a background, i2 objects can then be layered over the map. Techniques). Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  75. 75. P a g e | 74 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of Geo Geo-Spatial Layout
  76. 76. P a g e | 75 Image Layout The Image Layout is an efficient layout to analyze complicated images, blue prints, crime scenes and other imgaes. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  77. 77. P a g e | 76 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of an Image Layout
  78. 78. P a g e | 77 Layouts with Microsoft Office 2007 These layouts are made with Microsoft Office 2007 Smart Charts and other shapes found on Microsoft Office. These layouts can range from processes to target centric models. The user is not limited to using Microsoft Office’s Smart Charts. Shapes from Microsoft office can be used to customize whatever layout the user wants to create. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  79. 79. P a g e | 78 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of a Layout with Microsoft Office
  80. 80. P a g e | 79 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example #2 of a Layout with Microsoft Office
  81. 81. P a g e | 80 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example #3 of a Layout with Microsoft Office
  82. 82. P a g e | 81 Analytical Layouts The analytical layouts on i2 are premade, and can most effectively be utilized when importing data into i2. i2’s premade analytical layouts help organize data and the way you want it to appear on i2. This is one of the more complex features of i2, and is . described in detail in Annex III: Advanced Techniques. There are seven different analytical layouts in i2, which are described below. , Circular Chart Layout This layout places objects along the outside of the circle in alphabetical order. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  83. 83. P a g e | 82 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of a Circular Chart Layout
  84. 84. P a g e | 83 Grouped Chart Layout This layout arranges entities that are common members of two or more groups, and places those entities in the center of the chart. Other entities that have only one link are fanned outward, away from the center. Hierarchy Chart Layout This layout places the most relevant entities at the top of the chart. Less relevant entities are placed below the more relevant entities. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  85. 85. P a g e | 84 The entities that are common members of two or more groups are placed around the circle The entities that only have one common link are fanned out away from the center Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of a Grouped Chart Layout
  86. 86. P a g e | 85 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of a Hierarchy Chart Layout
  87. 87. P a g e | 86 Minimize Crossed Links Layout This layout places the icons on the chart and minimizes the amount of crossed over links. Organization Layout This layout organizes items in order of entity connections or by selecting any entity as the starting point. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies
  88. 88. P a g e | 87 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of Minimize Crossed links Layout
  89. 89. P a g e | 88 Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example of Organization Layout
  90. 90. P a g e | 89 Compact Peacock Layout This layout arranges entities with the most degrees (links) as small targets on the chart. Other entities that share link(s) with these entities are fanned outward, away from the center of each main entity. Peacock Chart Layout This layout is very similar to the Compact Peacock Layout. Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies

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