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AVETRA 2008 ePortfolios: Policy Issues and Interoperability Jerry Leeson
About us <ul><li><PORTFOLIO> </li></ul><ul><li><who we are> </li></ul><ul><li>education.au is a not-for-profit ministerial...
 
Overview <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research report for the Australian Flexible Learning Framework  </li></u...
ePortfolio Classifications <ul><li>‘ ePortfolios mean a lot of different things to a lot of different people ’ </li></ul><...
Use Case Scenarios / consultation <ul><li>Developed scenarios in order to explore the application of eportfolios in differ...
Transitions RPL RPL RPL RPL
Emerging differences <ul><li>Looked at a number of projects/project reports, as part of desktop research. </li></ul><ul><u...
 
Policy and Business Issues <ul><li>Guidelines for the development and provision of ePortfolio services </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Organisation vs Systemic ePortfolios <ul><li>Research based on the premise that ePortfolios are ‘learner-owned’ </li></ul>...
Some examples <ul><li>National example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>https://www.careerswales.com/home.asp?language=English </li><...
Other Models to Consider (1) <ul><li>JISC ePortfolio Engine Reference Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ePortfolio described as ...
ePortfolio as a set of services Aggregation Presentation planning CV builder … .. reflection evidence networks course info...
Other Models to Consider (2) <ul><li>The Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use web services for everything </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Read/Write Web <ul><li>Is Google my ePortfolio? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No (at least, not yet)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>–...
Some examples <ul><li>Example of ePortfolio built with free web services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// eportfolios.googlep...
But what about authenticated evidence? <ul><li>EUN Bologna Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diploma Supplement </li></ul></ul...
Authenticating claims Aggregation Presentation planning CV builder RPL claims reflection evidence networks course informat...
Some definitions <ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A definition: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ A Standard is a pu...
Standards and specifications <ul><li>Some of the standards we looked at included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMS </li></ul></ul...
 
Some observations <ul><li>Impact of Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tension between individuals and systemic benefits </li><...
Acknowledgements and References <ul><li>Acknowledgements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Australian Flexible Learning Framework ...
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Eportfolio Presentation

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discussion on systemic vs organisation ePortfolios. Policy and interoperability considerations

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  • Transcript of "Eportfolio Presentation"

    1. 1. AVETRA 2008 ePortfolios: Policy Issues and Interoperability Jerry Leeson
    2. 2. About us <ul><li><PORTFOLIO> </li></ul><ul><li><who we are> </li></ul><ul><li>education.au is a not-for-profit ministerially owned agency, governed through a Board by nominees from the Australian Government, higher education, school education, and vocational education and training sectors. </li></ul><ul><li>The agency focuses on the needs of Australian education, training and careers within the context of emerging information and communications technologies (ICTs) and standards as they apply to the Internet. </who we are> </li></ul><ul><li><aspirations> </li></ul><ul><li>to be Australia’s leading ICT agency for education </aspirations> </li></ul><ul><li><plan> </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.educationau.edu.au/jahia/webdav/site/myjahiasite/shared/site/business_plan_2005-2008.pdf </plan> </li></ul><ul><li><evidence> </li></ul><ul><li><1> http://www.edna.edu.au </1> </li></ul><ul><li><2> http://www.myfuture.edu.au </2> </li></ul><ul><li><3> http://www.education.gov.au </3> </li></ul><ul><li><4> http://code.google.com/p/distributed-search-manager </4> </li></ul><ul><li><5> http://e-standards.flexiblelearning.net.au/docs/vet-eportfolio-report-v1-0.doc. </5> </li></ul><ul><li><6> http://www.globe-info.net <6> </li></ul><ul><li></evidence> </li></ul><ul><li></PORTFOLIO> </li></ul>
    3. 4. Overview <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research report for the Australian Flexible Learning Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-Standards for Training project </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://e-standards.flexiblelearning.net.au/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental scan of current practice in ePortfolio field (emphasis on VET sector) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of use case scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of business rules, policy considerations for ePortfolio implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of technical standards to support ePortfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some observations </li></ul>
    4. 5. ePortfolio Classifications <ul><li>‘ ePortfolios mean a lot of different things to a lot of different people ’ </li></ul><ul><li>Some classifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPICC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment, showcase, development, reflective </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JISC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation, transition, learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning, assessment, presentation, transition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment, presentation, learning, personal development, multiple owner, working </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 6. Use Case Scenarios / consultation <ul><li>Developed scenarios in order to explore the application of eportfolios in different stages of a learners involvement in the VET system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition into the VET sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning/transition within the VET sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition out of the VET sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing a VET sector workforce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition into self employment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Revealed common functionality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portability of information about qualifications and competencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognition of prior learning (RPL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management and provision of secure and verifiable information </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Transitions RPL RPL RPL RPL
    7. 8. Emerging differences <ul><li>Looked at a number of projects/project reports, as part of desktop research. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JISC,BECTA, Europass, Bologna Process etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some reports not available at time of project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Findings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Australia lags behind similar jurisdictions (Sectoral perspective) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reference model for ePortfolio services particularly useful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Separating content and services provides users/portfolio owners the ability to access multiple sources </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supports the scenarios that we looked at - transitions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At a sectoral level, standards compliance is very important for widespread use </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 10. Policy and Business Issues <ul><li>Guidelines for the development and provision of ePortfolio services </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility and Customisation </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eg Europass CV </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How much? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seems to be a major issue for a number of the organisational based ePortfolios that we looked at </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner Identity Management Framework (LIMF) / Australian Access Federation (AAF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>authenticity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data management </li></ul><ul><li>Data exchange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policies and procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability (data format, vocabularies, qualifications etc) </li></ul></ul>
    9. 11. Organisation vs Systemic ePortfolios <ul><li>Research based on the premise that ePortfolios are ‘learner-owned’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner-owned ePortfolios have the potential to cross organisational boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do organisational ePortfolios satisfy learners needs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over the long term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With regards to current and evolving usage of other online services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implications of Web 2.0 type services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combining organisation based services with Web services (not all of a learner’s portfolio may reside in the organisation infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Custodianship of content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who, how long for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>archiving </li></ul></ul>
    10. 12. Some examples <ul><li>National example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>https://www.careerswales.com/home.asp?language=English </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public CV builder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/europass/home/vernav/europasss+documents/europass+cv/navigate.action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organisational ePortfolio integrating external services (eg YouTube) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.clemson.edu/ugs/eportfolio/examples.html </li></ul></ul>
    11. 13. Other Models to Consider (1) <ul><li>JISC ePortfolio Engine Reference Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ePortfolio described as a set of services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These services could be web services that are distributed across the Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An ePortfolio implementation could be seen as an aggregation of a set of portfolio related services relevant to a particular set of needs (eg resume builder, planner, evidence store, presentation builder etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisations and ePortfolio system buildersneed not be responsible for providing all the services that are required by the users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognises that there is no ‘one size fits all approach’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity exists to include more generic web services to provide some of the functionality (eg blogs, document/image sharing services etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the policy considerations for such a model? </li></ul></ul>
    12. 14. ePortfolio as a set of services Aggregation Presentation planning CV builder … .. reflection evidence networks course information Users ePortfolio ‘engine’
    13. 15. Other Models to Consider (2) <ul><li>The Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use web services for everything </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In an age where organisations are moving more applications to the Web (email, Office, CRM etc, why not ePortfolios) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing competition from Web 2.0 services and acceptance by learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In some cases, preference for web-based services </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 16. Read/Write Web <ul><li>Is Google my ePortfolio? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No (at least, not yet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– for a number of reasons. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 17. Some examples <ul><li>Example of ePortfolio built with free web services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// eportfolios.googlepages.com /home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to do it yourself with that service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// eportfolios.googlepages.com/howto </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.facebook.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ professional’ social network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.linkedin.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integration between social network and job site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// myspacejobs.careerone.com.au/index.cfm?fuseaction = careers.au </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Claiming your content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// claimid.com / </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. But what about authenticated evidence? <ul><li>EUN Bologna Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diploma Supplement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certificate Supplement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language Supplement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Australian Graduation Statement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains authenticated information about an award (eg degree) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure and verifiable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Static (unlike an ePortfolio which is a continually evolving document) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What value would an authenticated (electronic) statement of achievement have in an ePortfolio? </li></ul><ul><li>In a lifelong ePortfolio such services could perform an important component </li></ul>
    17. 19. Authenticating claims Aggregation Presentation planning CV builder RPL claims reflection evidence networks course information Users ePortfolio ‘engine’ Certificate supplement
    18. 20. Some definitions <ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A definition: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ A Standard is a published document which sets out specifications and procedures designed to ensure that a material, product, method or service is fit for its purpose and consistently performs in the way it was intended.” (Standards Australia website: http://www.standards.org.au/cat.asp?catid=2 - March 2008) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables us to make ePortfolio related information portable (eg aggregation, syndication, migration) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete interoperability requires agreement on: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communications method </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common data format </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Semantics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>vocabularies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to achieve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How necessary is it? </li></ul></ul>
    19. 21. Standards and specifications <ul><li>Some of the standards we looked at included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ePortfolio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RDCEO </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LIP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content Packaging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Definition Exchange </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General Web services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS, Atom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WebDAV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>W3C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microformats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shibboleth / MAMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HR-XML </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOAF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>opensocial </li></ul></ul>
    20. 23. Some observations <ul><li>Impact of Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tension between individuals and systemic benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A number of specifications are very complex and difficult to implement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little support / few implementations of complex specifications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agreement on complex, heavy weight specifications and implementation of such would be very difficult to achieve across a large, disparate sector </li></ul><ul><li>Simple, lightweight specifications already have widespread support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be adapted/adopted in this area </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Longevity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will the lifespan of individual ePortfolios outlast the technologies / solutions that support them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage space / ownership / custodianship </li></ul></ul>
    21. 24. Acknowledgements and References <ul><li>Acknowledgements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Australian Flexible Learning Framework and in particular, the E-Standards Expert Group for providing the opportunity to undertake the initial study. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Australian ePortfolio Project for the Australian ePortfolio Symposium. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Maine: Reading Revolutions for the Magna Carta Image: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/5190MagnaCarta_wl.jpg </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AeP (2008). The Australian ePortfolio Project. Retrieved February 10, 2008 from http://www.eportfoliopractice.qut.edu.au/information/ . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smallwood A. (2008), the Australian ePortfolio Symposium, Review of Day 1. Retrieved March 16, 2008 from http://www.eportfoliopractice.qut.edu.au/docs/AeP_presentations_web/AeP_Smallwood_8Feb08.pdf . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PILIN (2008). PILIN Project. Retrieved February 10, 2008 from http://www.arrow.edu.au/PILIN.php. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission (2008) a. The Diploma Supplement. Retrieved February 17, 2008 from http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/rec_qual/recognition/diploma_en.html . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission (2008) b. Recognition and transparency of qualifications. Retrieved February 17, 2008 from http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/rec_qual/rec_qual_en.html . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harman G (2008). Proposal for an Australian Higher Education Graduation Statement. Retrieved March 16 from http://www.eportfoliopractice.qut.edu.au/docs/AeP_presentations_web/AeP_Harman_7Feb08.pdf . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curyer, Leeson, Mason, Williams (2007). Developing e-portfolios for VET: Policy issues and interoperability. Retrieved December 2007 from http://e-standards.flexiblelearning.net.au/docs/vet-eportfolio-report-v1-0.doc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 Australia License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/au/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. </li></ul>
    22. 25. Thank you
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