OCW Search Services for Lifelong Learners


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  • All rights reserved by NIME and Tsuneo Yamada
  • All rights reserved by NIME and Tsuneo Yamada
  • OCW Search Services for Lifelong Learners

    1. 1. Center of ICT and Distance Education (CODE) The Open University of Japan (OUJ) Tsuneo YAMADA & Yosuke Morimoto            OCW Global Hanoi, Vietnam May 5-7, 2010
    2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction and Backgrounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our institution and partners: OE, LLL, OER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical backgrounds: Federated Search and Harvesting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GLOSS and JOCW Search </li></ul><ul><li>Prospects: New Value-added Services for Lifelong Learners </li></ul>          
    3. 3.            Introduction: NIME and OUJ-CODE 2004 NIME was reorganized as an “Independent Administrative Institution” to promote government policies as the National Core Institution for the educational use of ICT in HE. 1978 NIME was founded to support the establishment of Univ. of the Air (currently, OUJ) as a governmental institute. April 2009 (By the decision by the Cabinet meeting), NIME was closed and the main support functions were moved to new OUJ –CODE .
    4. 4.            CODE’s Missions <ul><li>As continued operations from NIME, </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation of ICT-enhanced education in Japanese HE </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation of Internationalization and International Collaboration in Japanese HE </li></ul><ul><li>OER movements </li></ul><ul><li>As an institute of OUJ ( as a NC for LLL ), </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty member </li></ul><ul><li>Research institute for ICT and distance education </li></ul><ul><li>ICT-related support center </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Open source </li></ul><ul><li>Open architecture and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Open content </li></ul>           Openness and OUs Open Education in LLL Open Educational Resources Movements (OERs) Accumulation and utilization of quality learning resources is a key factor for high-quality LLL. To realize the “open access” to the quality resources, agreements and infrastructure are necessary in/outside of OUJ. (OUJ)
    6. 6.            Balances for Openness Sustainability Quality assurance “ What is the merits of OER at OUJ?” Openness OER Movements Open Universities
    7. 7. <ul><li>How can we find the most appropriate content from deep web? </li></ul><ul><li>Course providers: in developing courseware </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers: in preparing classroom materials </li></ul><ul><li>Learners: in searching suitable content </li></ul>           A solution: Global cross-institutional search
    8. 8.            Japanese Nation-wide Infrastructure for sharing digital learning resources: “ NIME-glad” <ul><li>National Center </li></ul><ul><li>Higher/Tertiary Ed </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Aggregation </li></ul><ul><li>Gateway to Overseas </li></ul>
    9. 9. IEEE/Learning Object Metadata (LOM) (Maximum elements ) <ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Meta-metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Relation </li></ul><ul><li>Annotation </li></ul><ul><li>Classification </li></ul>          
    10. 10. Our view: The present <ul><li>Although the quality issue is still remained, the huge number of learning content is accumulated in the repositories all over the world. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. OER movements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In addition to open content, the delivery of proprietary learning objects are now focused and more complicated access control is required. </li></ul>           Users have to visit many sites and compare information among pages.
    11. 11. International collaborations for distribution and exchange of LO <ul><li>Open Educational Resources Movements (OERs) </li></ul><ul><li>OCWC, JOCW </li></ul><ul><li>International Brokerage </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBE </li></ul><ul><li>International Standardization Activities for Open Standards </li></ul><ul><li>IMS/GLC-LODE, </li></ul><ul><li>ADL, SCORM, CORDRA, ISO </li></ul>          
    12. 12. Global Learning Object Brokered Exchange (GLOBE)            <ul><li>An international broker </li></ul><ul><li>To reach “Critical Mass” (originally) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on educational/learning resources </li></ul><ul><li>All levels </li></ul><ul><li>Federated search and harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonizing with international standardization organizations (e.g. IEEE, IMS-GLC) </li></ul><ul><li>Finding scalable and interoperable infrastructure and sustainable business model </li></ul>
    13. 13. Global Learning Object Brokered Exchange (GLOBE)            September, 2004 February , 2007 September, 2007 April, 2008 September, 2008 March, 2009 OUJ-CODE February, 2010 Education Services Australia
    14. 14. Cross-institutional Search
    15. 15. Cross-institutional Search Search Results Order is decided by local rules.
    16. 16. Federated Search ( NIME-glad )            ① Search keyword 「 Science 」 ⑥ display after the merge of search results ② query learning object include keyword &quot; Science&quot; SQI : Simple Query Interface ③ return search result ⑤ return search result ④ query learning object include keyword &quot; Science&quot; SQI Server MERLOT API edNA API SQI     ○○○○      ××××××      ××××     △△△△△△     ・・・・・     ○○○○     □□□□□□      ××××××     △△△△△      ××××     △△     ○○○     △△△△△△     ○○○○○     ・・・・     △△△△△     ○○○     ○○○○○     ・・・・
    17. 17. Harvesting ( GLOSS ) OAI-PMH Harvester from ARIADNE 300K European Schoolnet 190K OER Commons (ISKME) 30K OUJ OAI-PMH Repostory http://lor.code.ouj.ac.jp/oai/OAI-script
    18. 18. Use Cases : Tomorrow <ul><li>Lifelong Learner </li></ul><ul><li>A learner need not consider the optimality of the learning content. By referring to learner’s profile (including, e-portfolio) and contexts, the computer finds the most appropriate modules from the content repositories from the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>A teacher can find the most appropriate materials which he/she uses at the classroom by consulting with the knowledge-base on the pedagogy, quality, right and other information. </li></ul>           They can concentrate in learning and teaching in various contexts (incl. Social)
    19. 19.            Next-generation int’l standards of metadata and infrastructure for the discovery and delivery of content/metadata are indispensable e.g. IMS/GLC LODE, SCORM…. GLOBE 2.0 for the new value-added services <ul><li>advanced global search </li></ul><ul><li>quality assurance </li></ul><ul><li>optimization / recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>right management / processing </li></ul><ul><li>localization </li></ul>
    20. 20. Technologies and architecture <ul><li>Federated search and Harvesting (OAI-PMH) </li></ul><ul><li>Federation of registries </li></ul><ul><li>DRM </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata auto tagging </li></ul><ul><li>LOM 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomies in disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Control vocabularies bank across languages and cultures </li></ul>          
    21. 21. <ul><li>New framework in open education and lifelong learning </li></ul><ul><li>New value-added services, e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>copyright management and processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>educational guidance and recommendation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>quality assurance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federation of Japanese domestic repositories and referatories </li></ul>           GLOSS: Global Learning Object Search System (GLOSS)
    22. 22. New cross-institutional search: GLOSS’s features <ul><li>Customized search engine </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata extension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Covering both open and proprietary content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogical / learning information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Domestic network for metadata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvesting </li></ul></ul>          
    23. 23. New cross-institutional search: features            Central MD DB Collections GLOBE OUJ FOLC -ACPA JOCW Academic Society GLOBE Harvester / Federated search JOCW_HP
    24. 24.           
    25. 25.           
    26. 26. <ul><li>ID of metadata * </li></ul><ul><li>Title * </li></ul><ul><li>Language of LO ** </li></ul><ul><li>Description ** </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords ** </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregation level * </li></ul><ul><li>Language of metadata * </li></ul><ul><li>File format * </li></ul><ul><li>URL * </li></ul><ul><li>Technical requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Educational context ** </li></ul><ul><li>Typical learning time </li></ul><ul><li>Intended level of learners </li></ul><ul><li>Cost * </li></ul><ul><li>Restriction of usage </li></ul><ul><li>Classification ** </li></ul><ul><li>Rights (&quot;Catalog&quot; and its &quot;Entry&quot; of applied license) </li></ul><ul><li>Quality (&quot;Catalog&quot; and its &quot;Entry&quot; of obtained certification) </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of harvesting * </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of federated search * </li></ul><ul><li>Collection </li></ul>red item : not based on IEEE LOM ( * ) mandatory item ( ** ) recommended item ID of LO is made of URL (Catalog is &quot;URI&quot; and Entry is URL of LO)
    27. 27.           
    28. 28.           
    29. 29.            keywords course title media language CC license
    30. 30.            License System Value Creative Commons Version 3.0 Attribution Attribution- No Derivative Works Attribution-NonCommercial - No Derivative Works Attribution-NonCommercial Attribution-NonCommercial -ShareAlike Attribution-ShareAlike
    31. 31.            http://keyaki.code.ouj.ac.jp/mt/lorsearch.cgi?app=jocw&limit=&q=Japanese%E3%80%80language&btn=%E6%A4%9C%E7%B4%A2&ti=&u=&lc= CC License http://ocw.nagoya-u.jp/index.php?lang=en&mode=c&id=22&page_type=index
    32. 32. Business Model            Promotion of sharing resources between academia and industries
    33. 33. ACPA’s Activities            <ul><li>Development of occupational database containing competencies which each occupation needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcome: “Standard Skill Matrix”, “Skill description” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Certification of training courses in academia / corporates and institutions as a neutral organization </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome: “Skill-course Matching Table” </li></ul><ul><li>Certification of practical abilities of each individual </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome: “Certificate” </li></ul>
    34. 34.           
    35. 35.           
    36. 36.            http://www.acpa.jp/en/acpa/standard_skill_matrix_bmd.pdf http://www.acpa.jp/en/acpa/standard_skill_matrix_ictd.pdf
    37. 37.           
    38. 38.            skill occupation level skill
    39. 39. <ul><li>Lifelong Learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent, Autonomous, Self-directed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad spectra of personal characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plus Internationalization and Globalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>languages, social customs, school systems, curricula and standards, pedagogies, ICT environments, learner characteristics and so on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>New value-added Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Localization for cultural diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personalization and optimization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendation, (Right, Quality, Pedagogical and so on) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaborations to sustain quality content and learning communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing courseware materials for co-development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing information for learners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Global search system will be effective also in both OE and LLL frameworks. </li></ul>          
    40. 40. <ul><li>Thank you very much!! </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Information </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>