Enlightenment Philosophers
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Enlightenment Philosophers

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Enlightenment Philosophers slideshow for History Moodle

Enlightenment Philosophers slideshow for History Moodle

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Enlightenment Philosophers Enlightenment Philosophers Presentation Transcript

  • The Enlightenment English and French Philosophers
  • John Locke (1632-1704)
    • English
    • Individuals have natural rights: life, liberty, and property View slide
    • People have the right to change their government if it becomes oppressive
    View slide
  • Montesquieu (1689-1755)
    • French
    • The best government is divided into judicial, legislative, and executive branches; this provides checks on political power.
  • Voltaire (1694-1778)
    • French
    • Freedom of thought and speech
    • Freedom of Religion
    • Separation of Church and State
  • Rousseau (1712-1778)
    • French
    • Government must be created and controlled by the people (popular sovereignty)
    • Govt. should secure freedom, equality, and justice for all
  • Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)
    • English
    • Equality should be extended to women as well as men
    • Women should have the right to an education and the right to vote