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The Enlightenment English and French Philosophers
John Locke (1632-1704) <ul><li>English
Individuals have natural rights: life, liberty, and property
People have the right to change their government if it becomes oppressive </li></ul>
Montesquieu (1689-1755) <ul><li>French
The best government is divided into judicial, legislative, and executive branches; this provides checks on political power...
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Enlightenment Philosophers

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Enlightenment Philosophers slideshow for History Moodle

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Transcript of "Enlightenment Philosophers"

  1. 1. The Enlightenment English and French Philosophers
  2. 2. John Locke (1632-1704) <ul><li>English
  3. 3. Individuals have natural rights: life, liberty, and property
  4. 4. People have the right to change their government if it becomes oppressive </li></ul>
  5. 5. Montesquieu (1689-1755) <ul><li>French
  6. 6. The best government is divided into judicial, legislative, and executive branches; this provides checks on political power. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Voltaire (1694-1778) <ul><li>French
  8. 8. Freedom of thought and speech
  9. 9. Freedom of Religion
  10. 10. Separation of Church and State </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rousseau (1712-1778) <ul><li>French
  12. 12. Government must be created and controlled by the people (popular sovereignty)
  13. 13. Govt. should secure freedom, equality, and justice for all </li></ul>
  14. 14. Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) <ul><li>English
  15. 15. Equality should be extended to women as well as men
  16. 16. Women should have the right to an education and the right to vote </li></ul>
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