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Enlightenment Philosophers

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Enlightenment Philosophers slideshow for History Moodle

Enlightenment Philosophers slideshow for History Moodle

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  • 1. The Enlightenment English and French Philosophers
  • 2. John Locke (1632-1704)
    • English
    • 3. Individuals have natural rights: life, liberty, and property
    • 4. People have the right to change their government if it becomes oppressive
  • 5. Montesquieu (1689-1755)
    • French
    • 6. The best government is divided into judicial, legislative, and executive branches; this provides checks on political power.
  • 7. Voltaire (1694-1778)
    • French
    • 8. Freedom of thought and speech
    • 9. Freedom of Religion
    • 10. Separation of Church and State
  • 11. Rousseau (1712-1778)
    • French
    • 12. Government must be created and controlled by the people (popular sovereignty)
    • 13. Govt. should secure freedom, equality, and justice for all
  • 14. Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)
    • English
    • 15. Equality should be extended to women as well as men
    • 16. Women should have the right to an education and the right to vote