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Vietnam war end

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Vietnam War - Nixon

Vietnam War - Nixon

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Vietnam war end Vietnam war end Presentation Transcript

  • Chris Taylor: [voiceover] I think now, looking back, we did not fight the enemy; we fought ourselves. And the enemy was in us. - PLATOON, 1986 VIETNAM: America at war with itself
  • Johnson Steps Down  Totally discredited because of Vietnam and decided not to run in 1968  Nixon won a peace platform but did not pull out of Vietnam
  • Vietnamization: 1969  Antiwar movements in the USA were putting increasing pressure on Nixon to get out of Vietnam-he needed an honourable way out (“Peace with Honour”)  A plan was put in place to replace American troops with Soviet Vietnamese over time View slide
  • Two Track Formula Goal: Make South Vietnamese independent so that the Americans can go home Military Solution Political Solution Strengthen the South Vietnamese Army Strengthen the South Vietnamese government View slide
  • Kent State Shootings May 4th, 1970
  • Withdrawal and Defeat Nixon Peace Offensive (1970) B-52s bombed North Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos Ceasefire with North Vietnam (1973) All troops out of Vietnam (1973)
  • Why did the USA lose? 1) Difficulty fighting guerilla forces 2) Unpopular at home i. Anti-war movement ii. Many casualties iii. Huge costs financially 3) Could not win the “hearts and minds” of the Vietnamese people 4) American military was half-hearted and disillusioned
  • Fundamental beliefs were questioned in American Society: 1)Power of the President 2)The role of the military 3)Was it worth opposing the spread of communism? 4)Moral Identity: America could no longer claim innocence and moral superiority Questions, Change
  • Fundamental beliefs were questioned in American Society: 1)Power of the President 2)The role of the military 3)Was it worth opposing the spread of communism? 4)Moral Identity: America could no longer claim innocence and moral superiority Questions, Change