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VIETNAM WAR
A Overview Consequence ofContainment Policy A quagmire Objective Problems the U.S.was faced with Ho Chi Minh– Goal of...
Vietnam Map
Timeline: 1945-1963 1945: France takes control of Vietnam 1946: French arrive to fight offVietminh revolt 1954: Dienbie...
Timeline: 1945-1963 Cont.What to do with Vietnam? Geneva Accords– 17thParallel– Fear of the Domino Effect Ngo Dinh Diem ...
Timeline 1945-1963 Cont.Kennedy’s Administration 1961: Promised free election in Vietnam butU.S. denies U.S. sends in mo...
Timeline 1964-1968Johnson’s WarOverall expansion of U.S. involvement inVietnam
Gulf of Tonkin Incident Feb. 1964: OperationPlan 34 Alta (Oplan 34-A) – commando raidsin North Vietnam– Desoto Patrols – ...
Gulf of Tonkin Incident Cont. Aug 2, 1964: 3 N.V. ships attack USSMaddox – captain wants to leave area butordered to stay...
Goals of 1965 1) Stabilize government of S. Vietnam 2) Get rid of guerillas in S. Vietnam 3) Escalation of ground troop...
1965: Operation Rolling Thunder U.S. land 3,500 marines into N. Vietnamalong with constant bombing of the North inone of ...
U.S. Choices at this time 1) Cut loses and get out 2) Give into Minh and leave 3) Take middle road – attrition Introdu...
Overall Escalation1961-1968 1961: 400 advisors 1963: 16,500 men 1965: 161,000 men 1966: 400,000 men 1967: 475,000 men...
U.S. Anti-WarMovementAmerica Speaks Out
Govt. loosing support (why) 1) LBJ promised quick and decisive war, butwar kept dragging on 2) Number of U.S. troops in ...
The New Left Growing youth movement in the ’60sthat called for a change in Americansociety, basing it more on equality
Students for aDemocratic Society Tom Hayden & Al Haber University of Michigan Port Huron Statement
Free Speech Movement Cal Berkley Focused on the American Machine
America’s Two Camps Doves vs. Hawks The Silent Majority
Woodstock
1968The Tumultuous Year
Tet Offensive Phase One– Draw troops out ofcities– Bring them into thecountry side– Ex: Kha Sahn Phase Two– 84,000 VC & ...
Outcome of Tet Technically a failure for N.V. Psychologically a victory for the N.V. Media plays a role at home Westmo...
Election of 1968M a r c hP r im a r y E le c t io n sN o v e m b e rP o p u la r V o t eD e c e m b e rE le c t o r a l C ...
Events of the Electionof 1968 Primaries– Johnson loosing, announces will not seekparties nomination– Bobby Kennedy assass...
Outcome of theElection of 1968 Democrat: Humphrey Republican: Nixon Radical: Wallace Nixon wins with 56% of the electo...
Journal Activity Examine how the year of 1968 isconsidered a turbulent year thatforever changed the US, removing anysense...
Overall Effect of 1968 Created widespread distrust andcontempt for the US govt. Shamed the US govt. and military Massiv...
Nixon on Vietnam1969 - 1973
Vietnamization (March ’69) Calls for the withdraw of 540,000troops in Vietnam over a period of time SV with US money and...
My Lai MassacreMarch 16, 1969 Presumed all villagers were VC orhelping Soldiers opened fire on villagers killingaround 5...
Actions UnderVietnamization June 8, 1969: Nixon Doctrine April 30, 1970: Announce invasion ofCambodia– Kent State Massac...
Actions UnderVietnamization Cont. Jan. 1973: Paris Peace Agreement – acease fire Nov. 1973: War Powers Act Fall 74-75: ...
US Embassy Evacuation
Vietnamwar
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Vietnamwar

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Vietnamwar

  1. 1. VIETNAM WAR
  2. 2. A Overview Consequence ofContainment Policy A quagmire Objective Problems the U.S.was faced with Ho Chi Minh– Goal of the Vietminh
  3. 3. Vietnam Map
  4. 4. Timeline: 1945-1963 1945: France takes control of Vietnam 1946: French arrive to fight offVietminh revolt 1954: Dienbienphu – Vietminh defeatthe French
  5. 5. Timeline: 1945-1963 Cont.What to do with Vietnam? Geneva Accords– 17thParallel– Fear of the Domino Effect Ngo Dinh Diem put in charge of SouthVietnam 1957: Vietcong/NLF established
  6. 6. Timeline 1945-1963 Cont.Kennedy’s Administration 1961: Promised free election in Vietnam butU.S. denies U.S. sends in more advisors and the GreenBerets to train S.V. army Spring 1963: Buddhist protest against Diem Oct. 26, 1963: Lodge gives signal for a coupover Diem Nov. 1, 1963: Coup successfully kills Diem Kennedy announces a plan to withdrawfrom Vietnam– He is assassinated
  7. 7. Timeline 1964-1968Johnson’s WarOverall expansion of U.S. involvement inVietnam
  8. 8. Gulf of Tonkin Incident Feb. 1964: OperationPlan 34 Alta (Oplan 34-A) – commando raidsin North Vietnam– Desoto Patrols – navalsurveillance of N.V. June 1964: U.S. sendsout peace feelers –only peace if U.S. getsout of Vietnam– Westmoreland namedGeneral
  9. 9. Gulf of Tonkin Incident Cont. Aug 2, 1964: 3 N.V. ships attack USSMaddox – captain wants to leave area butordered to stay Aug 4, 1964: radar goes off and the Maddoxfires back – think they are being attacked Aug 5, 1964: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution– Blank Check– Undeclared Declaration of War Nov-Dec 1964: Johnson wins re-election
  10. 10. Goals of 1965 1) Stabilize government of S. Vietnam 2) Get rid of guerillas in S. Vietnam 3) Escalation of ground troops 4) Cut off supply routes– Ho Chi Minh Trail
  11. 11. 1965: Operation Rolling Thunder U.S. land 3,500 marines into N. Vietnamalong with constant bombing of the North inone of the largest attacks– Bomb industry, roads, bridges– Restricted on what can bomb Negotiations: Johnson wants Minh to rejectgoal of all control of Vietnam, however Minhrefuses
  12. 12. U.S. Choices at this time 1) Cut loses and get out 2) Give into Minh and leave 3) Take middle road – attrition Introduce Search and DestroyMissions
  13. 13. Overall Escalation1961-1968 1961: 400 advisors 1963: 16,500 men 1965: 161,000 men 1966: 400,000 men 1967: 475,000 men 1968: 500,000+ men
  14. 14. U.S. Anti-WarMovementAmerica Speaks Out
  15. 15. Govt. loosing support (why) 1) LBJ promised quick and decisive war, butwar kept dragging on 2) Number of U.S. troops in Vietnammassively increasing along with casualties 3) First TV war, showed the US was at astalemate with no end in site 4) Gen. Westmoreland’s claim that US waswinning looked like a lie
  16. 16. The New Left Growing youth movement in the ’60sthat called for a change in Americansociety, basing it more on equality
  17. 17. Students for aDemocratic Society Tom Hayden & Al Haber University of Michigan Port Huron Statement
  18. 18. Free Speech Movement Cal Berkley Focused on the American Machine
  19. 19. America’s Two Camps Doves vs. Hawks The Silent Majority
  20. 20. Woodstock
  21. 21. 1968The Tumultuous Year
  22. 22. Tet Offensive Phase One– Draw troops out ofcities– Bring them into thecountry side– Ex: Kha Sahn Phase Two– 84,000 VC & NVAattack cities of S.V.– U.S. Embassy inSaigon– Hue
  23. 23. Outcome of Tet Technically a failure for N.V. Psychologically a victory for the N.V. Media plays a role at home Westmoreland wants more men –believes N.V. are crippled– VC lost 70% of fighting force
  24. 24. Election of 1968M a r c hP r im a r y E le c t io n sN o v e m b e rP o p u la r V o t eD e c e m b e rE le c t o r a l C o lle g eJ a n u a r yI n a u g u r a t io nE le c t io n T im e lin e
  25. 25. Events of the Electionof 1968 Primaries– Johnson loosing, announces will not seekparties nomination– Bobby Kennedy assassinated Democratic National Convention– Riot breaks out – shows how the war hasreached home
  26. 26. Outcome of theElection of 1968 Democrat: Humphrey Republican: Nixon Radical: Wallace Nixon wins with 56% of the electoralvote
  27. 27. Journal Activity Examine how the year of 1968 isconsidered a turbulent year thatforever changed the US, removing anysense of innocence. Completelyexplain your response.
  28. 28. Overall Effect of 1968 Created widespread distrust andcontempt for the US govt. Shamed the US govt. and military Massive questioning of the US as aworld superpower Changed US policy towards foreignpolicy and intervention
  29. 29. Nixon on Vietnam1969 - 1973
  30. 30. Vietnamization (March ’69) Calls for the withdraw of 540,000troops in Vietnam over a period of time SV with US money and weapons willtake over the fight To implement US must get rid ofsupply routes– Calls for increase in bombing - Cambodia
  31. 31. My Lai MassacreMarch 16, 1969 Presumed all villagers were VC orhelping Soldiers opened fire on villagers killingaround 500 people Lasted 2 hours Led by Officer Calley
  32. 32. Actions UnderVietnamization June 8, 1969: Nixon Doctrine April 30, 1970: Announce invasion ofCambodia– Kent State Massacre June 29, 1970: Gives SV 8 months tobuild military and prepare to take over 1972: Easter Offensive – an attack byNV on SV
  33. 33. Actions UnderVietnamization Cont. Jan. 1973: Paris Peace Agreement – acease fire Nov. 1973: War Powers Act Fall 74-75: NV resumes attack on SV– US doesn’t help– US helicopter people out of embassy inSaigon
  34. 34. US Embassy Evacuation

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