Ap vietnam war

1,129 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,129
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ap vietnam war

  1. 1. VIETNAM WAR 1954-1975
  2. 2. MOVING TOWARDS CONFLICT  Vietnam under foreign rule most of its history, by France, then Japan  1945 – After WWII, Vietnam declares independence, led by Ho Chi Minh
  3. 3. French Indochina consisted of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
  4. 4. 1945 (CONT.)  Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese leader, leads revolution  U.S. opposed Ho Chi Minh because he was  ccommunist  US will support???  France in reclaiming
  5. 5. 1954 - GENEVA ACCORDS ENDS FRENCH CONTROL  Divided Vietnam in half until an election in 1956  North- Communist  South – Democratic  1956, South Vietnamese President Diem, refused to hold election
  6. 6. President Ho Chi Minh, Democratic Republic of Viet Nam President Ngo Dinh Diem Republic of Viet Nam
  7. 7.  belief that if South Vietnam fell to communism, others will fall.  main goal to stop spread of communism 1954 US Aid - “Domino Theory”
  8. 8. ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH VIETNAM  U.S. develops, trains ARVN (South Vietnam)
  9. 9. VIET CONG CREATED TO HELP UNIFY VIETNAM
  10. 10. GUERRILLA WARFARE INCREASES  no front lines, Viet Cong blend in with population  VC = Viet Cong, Charlie, Victor Charles  eventually North Vietnamese Army joins the war effort
  11. 11. DIEM VERY UNPOPULAR WITH PEOPLE  Eventually overthrown, executed
  12. 12. 1960-1963 President Kennedy sends military advisors
  13. 13. 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 60- 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 U.S. troop strength in Vietnam: 1960-1972
  14. 14. The U.S. military set up schools and clinics in an attempt to win the “hearts and minds” of the South Vietnamese people.
  15. 15. LBJ stated in the 1964 presidential campaign that he was “not going to send American boys nine or ten thousand miles away from home to do what Asian boys ought to be doing for themselves.”
  16. 16. HO CHI MINH TRAIL  major supply, reinforcement route from N. Vietnam to S. Vietnam  1000’s of jungle trails through Laos, Cambodia
  17. 17. GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION-1964  result of North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacking U.S. destroyers  Gave the President strong war powers (usually reserved for Congress)
  18. 18. 1965  First U.S. combat troops arrive  begin “search and destroy” missions
  19. 19. 1966 - JOHNSON ESCALATES WAR  Dramatically increases number of boots on the ground
  20. 20. U.S. BEGINS USE OF AGENT ORANGE  chemical that kills vegetation  Farmlands, forests destroyed
  21. 21. Beginning in 1965 other nations sent troops to aid the U.S. military in Vietnam:  Australia  Canada  New Zealand  Philippines  South Korea
  22. 22. U.S. CONFIDENT OF QUICK VICTORY  had support of American people at first  as war dragged on support decreased  credibility gap begins in 1966 - can we believe what government tells us?
  23. 23. VIET CONG TUNNELS
  24. 24. The VC used underground tunnel complexes to hide from U.S. firepower.
  25. 25. Using smoke grenades to find tunnels
  26. 26. “Tunnel rat” prepares to enter Viet Cong tunnel
  27. 27. Viet Cong pulled from tunnel
  28. 28.  Tunnels Clip
  29. 29. BOOBY TRAPS
  30. 30. PUNJI PITS
  31. 31. GRENADE IN A CAN
  32. 32. PORCUPINE
  33. 33. MALAYAN WHIP
  34. 34. DEADFALL
  35. 35.  Booby Traps Clip
  36. 36.  also used napalm  jellied gasoline that explodes on contact (used in WW II, Korean War)
  37. 37. 1968 - PIVOTAL YEAR
  38. 38. TET OFFENSIVE - JAN. 30, 1968  Vietnamese New Year holiday  communists forces launch massive attacks all over South Vietnam  militarily it was a disaster for communists
  39. 39.  major political victory for communists  shocked American people  began to doubt the war, political leaders  convinced the War was not winnable  turning point in war US Embassy Tet Offensive, cont.
  40. 40. A NATION DIVIDED  Anti-War movement grows
  41. 41.  anti-war protests increased  led to bombing halt of North Vietnam  Which led to increased supplies, reinforcements on Ho Chi Minh Trail  Which led to increase in American casualties  caused LBJ to withdraw from 1968 Presidential Election
  42. 42.  unrest towards the war grew on college campuses  by 1967 Americans were divided into 2 groups Hawks - supported LBJ and the war Doves - wanted the war to end immediately  Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) charged that corporations, large government had taken over America and the war
  43. 43. Examples of anti-war posters from the 1960’s
  44. 44. 1968  LBJ withdraws from 1968 Presidential Election
  45. 45. NOVEMBER 1968  Nixon Wins  http://photographyinterviews.blogspot.com/2012/09/bob-peterson- old-school-pro-there-is_7.html
  46. 46. ROY BENAVIDEZ  From Cuero, TX  Stepped on land mine in Vietnam, recovers, retur ns  http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=_oUtJxE4sjs  Armed w/ only a knife, saves at least 8 men  Injured; thought dead  Medal of Honor
  47. 47. MY LAI MASSACRE-1968  Nov. 1969 news breaks about My Lai  U.S. Army troops massacred 200 Vietnamese
  48. 48.  followed orders of Lt. William Calley  25 others were charged but only Calley went to jail
  49. 49. 1969 saw some of the bloodiest fighting of the war. This led to massive anti-war demonstrations and the announcement of a new policy. Nixon visited Vietnam, 1969
  50. 50. NIXON LAUNCHS “VIETNAMIZATION” PROGRAM  End Vietnam War “Peace with honor”  gradual withdrawal of American troops  replaced by South Vietnamese troops 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 400000 450000 500000 1969 1970 1971 troops
  51. 51. YOUNG MEN AVOIDED THE DRAFT BY ENROLLING IN COLLEGE
  52. 52. SOME BURNED DRAFT CARDS IN PROTEST, LEFT FOR CANADA DRAFT NUMBERS - HTTP://WWW.SSS.GOV/LOTTER8.HTM
  53. 53. THOUSANDS MARCHED ACROSS THE NATION TO PROTEST
  54. 54. CAMBODIA, 1970  Nixon sends troops to destroy communist sanctuaries
  55. 55.  sparks college protests  Felt Nixon was escalating the war  students are killed by National Guard at Kent State and Jackson State  violence breaks out in cities, college campuses which actually hurt Anti- War movement
  56. 56. 26TH AMENDMENT  Lowers voting age to 18  “Why be drafted if I can’t even vote?”
  57. 57. PENTAGON PAPERS, 1971  7000 word document released by Daniel Ellsberg, Defense Dept. worker  showed the Johnson Admin. was not honest with America
  58. 58. 1973, CEASE FIRE ANNOUNCED  U.S. troops are now out of Vietnam  POW’s are freed
  59. 59. The wives welcomed home POWs at Camp Pendleton in California. The POW and MIA (missing in action) flag is meant to acknowledge the veterans who were taken prisoner during the war or did not return.
  60. 60. WAR POWERS ACT, 1973  new law which limits Presidents power to send troops into combat  President must inform Congress within 48 hours  cannot stay more than 90 days without Congressional approval  Nixon vetoes the Bill but Congress overrides it
  61. 61. 1975, SOUTH VIETNAM COLLAPSES  North Vietnam invades, no American help this time
  62. 62. In 1975 South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos became communist states.
  63. 63. 1975 SAIGON FALLS  http://www.history.com/videos/saigon- falls#saigon-falls
  64. 64. 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 60- 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 The human cost of the Vietnam war. U.S. Battle deaths 1960-1972
  65. 65. VIETNAM WAR MEMORIAL  dedicated Nov. 1982  work began in March, 1982 after 3 years of fund raising  275,000 individuals, groups donated $8.4 million  No Federal funds were used
  66. 66. NATION WIDE CONTEST TO DESIGN THE MEMORIAL  Criteria - should be reflective and contemplative in character  make no political statement about the war  committee of 8 recognized artists, designers unanimously picked entry #1026 out of 1421 entries
  67. 67. 58,235 NAMES 151 MEDAL OF HONOR WINNERS’, 16 CLERGY, 8 WOMEN (NURSES)
  68. 68. THREE PARTS TO THE MEMORIAL  the Wall  statue of 3 soldiers  flag pole, where the flag flies 24 hrs a day

×