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5 themes of geography

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  • 1. 5 Themes of Geography By Mr. Smith
  • 2. Geography (la geografía)
    • Geography is the study of the world, the people in it, the environments they live in, and the relationship between the two.
  • 3. What are the five themes?
    • Tools geographers use to study features on earth.
      • Location (ubicación)
      • Place (lugar)
      • Movement (movimiento)
      • Region (región)
      • Human Environment Interaction(interacción entre los humanos y el ambiente)
  • 4. Location (ubicación)
    • Describes where places are at on earth.
    • Types of Location:
      • ABSOLUTE: exact location on earth (fixed)
        • Doesn’t change
          • Latitude/Longitude
          • Hemispheres
          • Grid System
          • Address
      • RELATIVE: compared to other places (variable)
        • Changes dependent upon where you’re comparing it to .
          • Miles
          • Distance
          • Direction
  • 5. Absolute Location (ubicación absoluta)
    • Examples:
      • Rome is located at 41 N, 12 E
      • Argentina is located in the southern hemisphere
  • 6. Relative Location (ubicación relativa)
    • Examples:
      • Rome is located near the Mediterranean Sea.
      • Argentina is near Brazil.
      • Ecuador is south of Mexico.
      • Lincoln is 50 miles from Omaha.
  • 7. Place (lugar)
    • A place is defined by it’s unique characteristics.
      • Physical characteristics
      • Cultural characteristics
  • 8. Physical Characteristics (características físicas)
    • Specific to THAT place, not generic.
      • The way a place looks .
    • Created by nature.
      • Mountains
      • Rivers, Lakes, Seas
      • Climate
      • Vegetation
    • Examples:
      • Andes Mountains are in South America.
      • Amazon River flows through Brazil.
      • The isthmus of Panama connects Central & South America.
  • 9. Cultural Characteristics (características culturales)
    • Specific to THAT place, not generic.
      • Peoples activities change the way a place looks or is represented.
    • Man-made or invented .
      • Language
      • Unique buildings
      • Religious Practices
      • Celebrations/traditions/holidays
    • Examples :
      • Portuguese is the official language of Brazil.
      • Many Mexicans are Catholic.
      • Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico.
  • 10. Movement (movimiento)
    • Places do not exist in isolation.
      • Interconnectedness of the world changes the way places“look”.
        • Today: “globalization”
      • People, goods & ideas move from place to place.
    • Examples
      • Immigration from Latin America to US.
      • War in Iraq (troops, supplies, ideas, people)
      • Myspace, Facebook, Twitter (ideas)
  • 11. Region (region)
    • The world is divided into different regions based upon similarities & differences.
      • Climate
      • Location
      • Beliefs
      • Languages
      • Ethnicity/Race
    • Types:
      • Formal
      • Functional
      • Perceptual
  • 12. Formal Region (región formales)
    • Most common/familiar.
    • Determined by the distribution of a uniform characteristic (physical or cultural)
      • Location
      • Climate
      • Religion
    • Examples
      • Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama)
      • Latin America (spanish-speaking nations)
      • Tropics (countries located near equator)
  • 13. Functional Region (región funcional)
    • Serves a purpose that affects places around it .
      • Distributes goods/people
      • Serves specific purpose
    • Examples :
      • Panama Canal
      • Amazon River Basin
      • Hollywood
      • Havana, Cuba
  • 14. Perceptual Region (región de la percepción)
    • Groups of areas that provoke a certain stereotype or feeling.
    • Examples:
      • The Bronx
      • Little Italy
      • China town
      • The “hollers”
  • 15. Human Environment Interaction
    • The environment & people are interconnected.
    • Consequences to those actions depend upon how people choose to interact with the world and use their resources.
      • Positive/Negative
      • Intentional/Accidental
      • Favorable/Destructive
  • 16. Human Environment Interaction
    • Current Enviromental Issues:
      • Climate Change (global warming)
      • Energy Resources
      • Water Conservation
      • Deforestation
  • 17. Assignment (la tarea)
    • Using the sheet given, give an example of each theme of geography and how you think it applies to Danville, KY or if unable to think of anything how the theme applies to the United States.
    • Total 22 points = 1 point for each theme + 1 for the example + 3 for explanation + 2 for spelling !