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AP Northern Renaissance
 

AP Northern Renaissance

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AP Northern Renaissance AP Northern Renaissance Presentation Transcript

  • The Northern Renaissance Brueghel's The Wedding Dance
  • Bell Ringer
    • The term “humanism,” when applied to Renaissance Italy, refers primarily to the
      • renewed interest in the scientific method at many Italian universities
      • capitalist values advanced by leading Italian merchant bankers
      • antireligious movement among leading Italian intellectuals
      • scholarly interest in the study of the classical cultures of Greece and Rome
      • non-Christian themes that became prominent in Italian art and literature
    2004 AP Exam
  • Location
    • Where: North of Italy
      • France
      • Germany
      • England
      • Netherlands
    • Scholars went to Italy & brought back Renaissance ideals
  • Northern Humanism
    • AKA Christian Humanism
    • Northern humanists interpreted Italian ideals about & attitudes toward classical antiquity, individualism & humanism in terms of their own traditions
  • Northern Humanism – cont.
    • Developed program for broad social reform based on Christian ideals
      • Ethical way of life
    • Classical ideals of calmness, stoic patience & broad mindedness + Christian ideals of faith, hope & love
  • Northern Humanism – cont.
    • To change society, must first change humanity
    • Had profound faith in the power of human intellect to bring about moral & institutional reform
    • Human nature = fundamentally good & capable of improvement through education
  • Desiderius Erasmus
    • 1466-1536
    • Dutch humanist
    • Well known all over Europe
  • Erasmus’ Philosophy
    • Two themes in all works:
      • Education is the:
        • means to reform
        • Key to moral & intellectual improvement
  • Erasmus’ Philosophy
    • 2. “The Philosophy of Christ”
      • Christianity should:
        • show people how to live good lives
        • not just give a set of beliefs to follow
        • focus inward
      • In other words…Christianity (the Church) should “walk the walk”
  • Thomas More
    • 1478-1535
    • English lawyer
    • Ambassador to Flanders under Henry VIII
    • Most famous book: Utopia
    • Key to improvement & reform of the individual = reform social institutions that molded the individual
  • The Printed Word
    • Printing Press (w/moveable metal type)
      • Germany
      • Mid-15 th Century (mid-1400s)
      • Johan Gutenberg (Bible – 1456)
    • By 1480 – 110 European cities had presses
      • Est. 8-20 million books in print by 1500
  • Impact of the Printing Press
    • Transformed European public & private life
      • Discussion points for people
      • Gave silent individuals a voice
      • Stimulated literacy of commoners
      • Bridged gap between written & oral cultures
  • Closure
    • With your partner, list & discuss the 4 characteristics of the Italian Renaissance
    • Which of these characteristics applies to the Northern Renaissance? Which do not? Why?
    • 2 minutes