AP Northern Renaissance

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  • Answer: D
  • AP Northern Renaissance

    1. 1. The Northern Renaissance Brueghel's The Wedding Dance
    2. 2. Bell Ringer <ul><li>The term “humanism,” when applied to Renaissance Italy, refers primarily to the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>renewed interest in the scientific method at many Italian universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>capitalist values advanced by leading Italian merchant bankers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>antireligious movement among leading Italian intellectuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>scholarly interest in the study of the classical cultures of Greece and Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>non-Christian themes that became prominent in Italian art and literature </li></ul></ul>2004 AP Exam
    3. 3. Location <ul><li>Where: North of Italy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Netherlands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scholars went to Italy & brought back Renaissance ideals </li></ul>
    4. 4. Northern Humanism <ul><li>AKA Christian Humanism </li></ul><ul><li>Northern humanists interpreted Italian ideals about & attitudes toward classical antiquity, individualism & humanism in terms of their own traditions </li></ul>
    5. 5. Northern Humanism – cont. <ul><li>Developed program for broad social reform based on Christian ideals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical way of life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classical ideals of calmness, stoic patience & broad mindedness + Christian ideals of faith, hope & love </li></ul>
    6. 6. Northern Humanism – cont. <ul><li>To change society, must first change humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Had profound faith in the power of human intellect to bring about moral & institutional reform </li></ul><ul><li>Human nature = fundamentally good & capable of improvement through education </li></ul>
    7. 7. Desiderius Erasmus <ul><li>1466-1536 </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch humanist </li></ul><ul><li>Well known all over Europe </li></ul>
    8. 8. Erasmus’ Philosophy <ul><li>Two themes in all works: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education is the: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>means to reform </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Key to moral & intellectual improvement </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Erasmus’ Philosophy <ul><li>2. “The Philosophy of Christ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity should: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>show people how to live good lives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>not just give a set of beliefs to follow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>focus inward </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In other words…Christianity (the Church) should “walk the walk” </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Thomas More <ul><li>1478-1535 </li></ul><ul><li>English lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>Ambassador to Flanders under Henry VIII </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous book: Utopia </li></ul><ul><li>Key to improvement & reform of the individual = reform social institutions that molded the individual </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Printed Word <ul><li>Printing Press (w/moveable metal type) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid-15 th Century (mid-1400s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Johan Gutenberg (Bible – 1456) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By 1480 – 110 European cities had presses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Est. 8-20 million books in print by 1500 </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Impact of the Printing Press <ul><li>Transformed European public & private life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion points for people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave silent individuals a voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulated literacy of commoners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bridged gap between written & oral cultures </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Closure <ul><li>With your partner, list & discuss the 4 characteristics of the Italian Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these characteristics applies to the Northern Renaissance? Which do not? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>2 minutes </li></ul>

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