AP Italian Renaissance


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  • City-state = A sovereign state consisting of an independent city and its surrounding territory
  • AP Italian Renaissance

    1. 1. The Italian Renaissance
    2. 2. Bell Ringer <ul><li>The word “Renaissance” means: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flowering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genius </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eruption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New day </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rebirth </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Defining the Renaissance <ul><li>Renaissance = “rebirth” </li></ul><ul><li>1375-1600 </li></ul><ul><li>Italian Renaissance - the period of great cultural change and achievement in European history that began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe </li></ul>
    4. 4. Characteristics of the Renaissance <ul><li>Secularism </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance Italy - mostly an urban society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Powerful city-states became centers of Italian political, economic & social life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Result - an emergence of secular , or worldly, society as increased wealth created new enjoyment of material things </li></ul></ul>Map pg 285
    5. 5. Characteristics (cont.) <ul><li>2. Humanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cultural and educational reform, engaged in by scholars, writers, and civic leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studia Humanitatis - s tudied grammar rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy & history (the humanities ) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Humanism (cont.) <ul><ul><li>Petrarch - Father of Italian Renaissance humanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stressed: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intellect </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Civic involvement </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Humanism (cont.) <ul><li>Revival of Classicism/Greek & Roman Antiquity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational reforms guided by ideals of useful education & becoming a well-rounded person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florentine “ Academy ” ( La Academia) —not a formal school, but gathering of influential Florentine humanists devoted to reviving Plato & the Neoplatonists </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Characteristics (cont.) <ul><li>3. Individualism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on individual ability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High regard for human worth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Realization of what individuals could achieve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outward expression – artists signed work for first time </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Characteristics (cont.) <ul><li>4. Skepticism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance Era – also the beginning of the Scientific Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Question everything! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Begins w/ arts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Then gov’t </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Then Church (eventually leads to Reformation) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Renaissance Geo-Political Life <ul><li>Italian City-States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No central, unified monarchical state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of single strong ruler - easy for C-S to remain independent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Milan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Venice expanded & played critical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Florence roles in Italian politics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Papal States </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Naples </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prospered in terms of trade (merchant oligarchies = powerful) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Milan (Milano) <ul><li>Visconti Family - dukes of Milan/ Lombardi </li></ul><ul><li>Viscontis died off - Sforzas conquered </li></ul><ul><li>Sforza - </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient tax system = large state revenues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>hired mercenaries ( soldiers who sold their services) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Pair & Share: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What would be 1 advantage & 1 disadvantage of hiring mercenaries? </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Venice (Venezia) <ul><li>Link btwn. Asia & W. Europe = profitable trade empire & international power </li></ul><ul><li>Officially a republic w/ elected leader </li></ul><ul><li>Realistically run by small group of wealthy merchant aristocrats who ran gov’t for own benefit </li></ul>
    13. 15. Florence (Firenze) <ul><li>Powerhouse of Tuscany </li></ul><ul><li>de Medici Family </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bankers (“God’s Bankers”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used power, wealth, & personal influence to make Florence the cultural center of Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Birthplace of the Renaissance </li></ul>
    14. 20. Politics in Renaissance Italy
    15. 21. Medieval View of Gov’t <ul><li>Theory: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>human nature = sinful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov’t = provide justice, law & order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruler = conduct self w/ high Christian standards </li></ul></ul>
    16. 22. Machiavelli & The Prince <ul><li>How to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain, maintain & increase power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ruler - “cunning of a fox w/ ferocity of a lion” </li></ul><ul><li>Human nature = selfish & out to advance own interests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Result – ruler can manipulate the people </li></ul></ul>
    17. 23. Loved or Feared? <ul><li>Ideal = both </li></ul><ul><li>Safer = feared </li></ul><ul><li>“ The ends justify the means” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does Machiavelli mean by this? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Come up with an example </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss w/ partner – 1 minute </li></ul></ul>
    18. 24. Florence <ul><li>Piero de Medici vs. Girolamo Savonarola </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Savonarola wins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Piero de Medici = exiled </li></ul></ul>Piero de Medici
    19. 25. Savonarola Rules <ul><li>Dominican Friar with “visions” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predicted Florence would fall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divine punishment for immorality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti-pope </li></ul><ul><li>Theocracy – 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested & executed </li></ul>
    20. 26. Girolama Savonorala Execution of Savonarola
    21. 28. Closure <ul><li>With a partner, name and explain the 4 characteristics of the Renaissance. </li></ul><ul><li>2 minutes </li></ul>