Prevalence• Hypertension is the most prevalent chronic disease in India with prevalence increasing rapidly among both urban and rural populations.• The prevalence of hypertension ranges from 20- 40% in urban adults and 12-17% among rural adults.• The number of people with hypertension is projected to increase from 118 million in 2000 to 214 million in 2025, with nearly equal numbers of men and women.
Prevalence• A survey of 26,000 adults in South India showed a hypertension prevalence of 20% (men 23% and women 17%) but 67% of those with hypertension were unaware of their diagnosis.• A multi-centre three-year study, spearheaded by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and published in the "Journal of Human Hypertension" on Thursday, said almost – 1 in 2 women in urban study sites and – 1 in 3 women in rural sites, were suffering from hypertension.• Findings from Indias largest clinic-based survey study, called Screening Indias Twin Epidemic (SITE) show that 1 in every 5 Indian adults living in urban cities suffers not only from hypertension but also diabetes.• In Maharashtra, more disturbingly, 1 in 3 persons is struck by the twin epidemic.
Prevalence• Only 1 in 5 hypertensive women were on treatment, and less than 4% are controlled.• Majority of hypertensives still remain undetected & the control of hypertension is also inadequate.• But, despite all this, the good news is that the prevalence of hypertension in India is low as compared to world figures and India fares better than other countries in the South-East Asia Region (SEAR).• SEAR’s average is – 25.40 % in men, & – 24.20 in women.
Prevalence• In India, 23.10 % men and 22.60 % women over 25 years old suffer from hypertension, says the World Health Organisation’s ‘global health statistics 2012’ released in May, 2012.• Recent (2012) studies show that for every known person with hypertension in India, there may possibly be 2 persons with either undiagnosed hypertension or prehypertension.• With over 139 million patients, India accounts for 15 % of world’s uncontrolled hypertension patients.
Prevalence• Recently, a door-to-door survey was conducted amongst all residents of a village in Uttarakhand province to determine the prevalence of hypertension and hypertension risk factors in the rural Indian community.• This study showed that the rates of hypertension in the rural community under study are similar to those seen in high-income countries and in urban India.
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