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Hypertension power point

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Hypertension power point

  1. 1. Blood Pressure: HypertensionFrom Bethel University Nursing Students
  2. 2. Types of Hypertension Affects ~50 million people in the US Types:  1. Primary  Chronic high blood pressure without a source or associated with any other disease  Most common form of hypertension  2. Secondary  Elevation of blood pressure associated with another disease such as kidney disease
  3. 3. Causes Genetics-some people are prone to hypertension simply based off of their genetic makeup Family History- your risk for high blood pressure/hypertension increases if it is in your family history Environment  Inactivity  Stress  Obesity  Alcohol  High Sodium Diet  Tobacco Use  Age  Menopausal Medications
  4. 4. Further Complications of High Blood Pressure Thickening of the heart muscle Increased workload of the heart May lead to other conditions such as:  Heart attack  Stroke  Renal (Kidney) Failure  Loss of vision
  5. 5. Who is at Risk?? African Americans have a higher risk of high blood pressure/hypertension 40% of all African Americans in the US will develop hypertension in comparison to 27% in white populations This is due to:  African Americans respond differently to Blood Pressure medications  African Americans have a higher sensitivity to salt  ½ teaspoon of salt can raise your blood pressure 5mmHg
  6. 6. Signs and Symptoms Diagnosed through repeat blood pressure readings Primary Hypertension does not have symptoms other than high blood pressure Secondary Hypertension  Most likely caused by Renal Disorders, symptoms you will see:  Decreased urine formation  Increased sodium and water retention
  7. 7. Treatments Step 1:  Lifestyle modifications  Diet and exercise  Limit alcohol and tobacco use  Reduce stress factors Step 2:  If lifestyle changes are not enough, drug therapy will be introduced Step 3:  If previous steps don’t work, drug dose or type will be changed or another drug is added Step 4:  More medications are added until blood pressure is controlled
  8. 8. Prevention Lifestyle changes Having regular checkups with your physician Education  Being aware of your blood pressure and where it should be  Understanding your personal risk factors  Engaging in community health awareness acitivities
  9. 9. Living With High Blood Pressure Living with High Blood Pressure requires a lot of lifestyle changes  Diet  Exercise Taking prescribed medications as required by your doctor Recognize it is an ongoing process which requires regular checkups, taking medication regularly and checking blood pressure regularly Recognizing there can be complications with pregnancy while living with high blood pressure  Damage to kidneys and other organs in mother and fetus  Low birth weight  Preeclampsia
  10. 10. References Powerpoint notes taken from Dr. Van Berkhom, Professor of Biology at Bethel Univeristy, Hypertension lecture http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health- topics/topics/hbp/signs.html

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