Gilded Age
1880 Presidential Election: Republicans James A. Garfield  Chester A. Arthur (VP)
1880 Presidential Election: Democrats
1880 Presidential Election
1881:  Garfield Assassinated! Charles Guiteau: I Am a Stalwart, and Arthur is President now!
Pendleton Act (1883) <ul><li>Civil Service Act. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Magna Carta” of  civil service reform. </li></ul><u...
1884 Presidential Election Grover Cleveland  James Blaine   *  (DEM)  (REP)
A Dirty Campaign Ma, Ma…where’s my pa? He’s going to the White House, ha… ha… ha…!
1884 Presidential Election
Cleveland’s First Term <ul><li>The “Veto Governor” from New York. </li></ul><ul><li>First Democratic elected since 1856. <...
Interstate Commerce Act - 1887 <ul><li>No more rebates  </li></ul><ul><li>Set up Interstate Commerce Commission – regulate...
1888 Presidential Election Grover Cleveland  Benjamin Harrison   (DEM)  *   (REP)
Changing Public Opinion <ul><li>Americans wanted the federal govt. to deal   with growing soc. & eco. problems & to curb  ...
Sherman Anti-Trust <ul><li>No more trusts or monopolies </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Courts u...
1892 Presidential Election Grover Cleveland  Benjamin Harrison   again!  *  (DEM)  (REP)
Cleveland Loses Support Fast! <ul><li>The only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Blamed for ...
Reforms and Reformers <ul><li>Reformers – progressives </li></ul><ul><li>forward thinking people who wanted  </li></ul><ul...
Robert La Follette “Battling Bob” <ul><li>More direct participation in government </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced Primaries <...
Mother Jones <ul><li>Mary Harris Jones </li></ul><ul><li>March of the Mill Children </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labor laws pas...
John Muir <ul><li>Protector of the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to set aside land for Parks </li></ul>
Upton Sinclair <ul><li>Mukraker </li></ul><ul><li>The Jungle – best seller </li></ul><ul><li>Congress passed Meat Inspecti...
Alice Paul <ul><li>Wanted to win suffrage by constitutional amendment </li></ul><ul><li>states in the west gave women righ...
Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) <ul><li>Organized in 1874 </li></ul><ul><li>Spoke out against “evils of alcohol”...
W.E.B. DuBois <ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Lynching </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreed with Booker T Washington – edu...
Two Amendments <ul><li>Income tax – 16 Amendment – ratified in 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Direct election on Senators – 17 th ...
Election of 1896 <ul><li>William McKinley   William Jennings Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Democrat </li></ul>
 
McKinley <ul><li>USS Maine explodes in Cuban harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish-American war (chapter 23) </li></ul>
Election of 1900 <ul><li>William McKinley   William Jennings Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Democrat </li></ul>
 
Teddy Roosevelt 26 th  President <ul><li>Intervenes in coal mining strike </li></ul><ul><li>Makes Philippines a United Sta...
 
Election of 1904 <ul><li>Roosevelt Alton B Parker </li></ul><ul><li>Republican  Democrat </li></ul>
 
Teddy Roosevelt <ul><li>Hepburn Act </li></ul><ul><li>Meat Inspection Act </li></ul><ul><li>Pure Food and Drug Act </li></ul>
Election of 1908 <ul><li>William Howard Taft   Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Republican  Democrat </li></ul>
Taft – 27 th  President <ul><li>Triangle Shirtwaist company fire </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Oil asked to dissolve under Sh...
Election of 1912 <ul><li>Taft Woodrow Wilson   Teddy Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Democrat  Bull Moose </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1912 presidential campaign saw issues raised that raised questions about the future of  </li></ul><ul><li>Ameri...
<ul><li>and the relationship between the federal government and American citizens.  </li></ul><ul><li>women voting </li></...
 
Wilson – 28 th  President <ul><li>New Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Reserve system established </li></ul><ul><li>17 th...
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Gilded Age1a

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Gilded Age1a

  1. 1. Gilded Age
  2. 2. 1880 Presidential Election: Republicans James A. Garfield Chester A. Arthur (VP)
  3. 3. 1880 Presidential Election: Democrats
  4. 4. 1880 Presidential Election
  5. 5. 1881: Garfield Assassinated! Charles Guiteau: I Am a Stalwart, and Arthur is President now!
  6. 6. Pendleton Act (1883) <ul><li>Civil Service Act. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Magna Carta” of civil service reform. </li></ul><ul><li>1883  14,000 out of 117,000 federal govt. jobs became civil service exam positions. </li></ul><ul><li>1900  100,000 out of 200,000 civil service federal govt. jobs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1884 Presidential Election Grover Cleveland James Blaine * (DEM) (REP)
  8. 8. A Dirty Campaign Ma, Ma…where’s my pa? He’s going to the White House, ha… ha… ha…!
  9. 9. 1884 Presidential Election
  10. 10. Cleveland’s First Term <ul><li>The “Veto Governor” from New York. </li></ul><ul><li>First Democratic elected since 1856. </li></ul><ul><li>A public office is a public trust! </li></ul><ul><li>His laissez-faire presidency: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposed bills to assist the poor as well as the rich. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vetoed over 200 special pension bills for Civil War veterans! </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Interstate Commerce Act - 1887 <ul><li>No more rebates </li></ul><ul><li>Set up Interstate Commerce Commission – regulate the railroad </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1888 Presidential Election Grover Cleveland Benjamin Harrison (DEM) * (REP)
  13. 13. Changing Public Opinion <ul><li>Americans wanted the federal govt. to deal with growing soc. & eco. problems & to curb the power of the trusts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interstate Commerce Act – 1887 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sherman Antitrust Act – 1890 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McKinley Tariff – 1890 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on the theory that prosperity flowed directly from protectionism. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased already high rates another 4%! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rep. Party suffered big losses in 1890 (even McKinley lost his House seat!). </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sherman Anti-Trust <ul><li>No more trusts or monopolies </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Courts used it to control unions instead of businesses </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1892 Presidential Election Grover Cleveland Benjamin Harrison again! * (DEM) (REP)
  16. 16. Cleveland Loses Support Fast! <ul><li>The only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Blamed for the 1893 Panic. </li></ul><ul><li>Defended the gold standard. </li></ul><ul><li>Used federal troops in the 1894 Pullman strike. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reforms and Reformers <ul><li>Reformers – progressives </li></ul><ul><li>forward thinking people who wanted </li></ul><ul><li>to improve American life </li></ul><ul><li>the ills of society could be solved or </li></ul><ul><li>cured </li></ul>
  18. 18. Robert La Follette “Battling Bob” <ul><li>More direct participation in government </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced Primaries </li></ul><ul><li>voter’s select party’s candidates </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative – voters can propose legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Referendum- voters can overturn an existing law </li></ul><ul><li>Recall- voters can remove elected officials from office </li></ul>
  19. 19. Mother Jones <ul><li>Mary Harris Jones </li></ul><ul><li>March of the Mill Children </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labor laws passed by states </li></ul><ul><li>“Slowly the cause of his children becomes the cause of all.” </li></ul>
  20. 20. John Muir <ul><li>Protector of the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to set aside land for Parks </li></ul>
  21. 21. Upton Sinclair <ul><li>Mukraker </li></ul><ul><li>The Jungle – best seller </li></ul><ul><li>Congress passed Meat Inspection Act </li></ul><ul><li>Congress passed Pure Food and Drug Act </li></ul>
  22. 22. Alice Paul <ul><li>Wanted to win suffrage by constitutional amendment </li></ul><ul><li>states in the west gave women right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Carrie Chapman Catt organized plans to win the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>1920 – 19 th amendment ratified </li></ul>
  23. 23. Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) <ul><li>Organized in 1874 </li></ul><ul><li>Spoke out against “evils of alcohol” </li></ul><ul><li>Carrie Nation </li></ul><ul><li>radical crusader </li></ul><ul><li>18 th Amendment – illegal to </li></ul><ul><li>sell alcohol in </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><li>ratified in 1919 </li></ul>
  24. 24. W.E.B. DuBois <ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Lynching </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreed with Booker T Washington – education would win respect and jobs </li></ul><ul><li>NAACP – worked for equal rights </li></ul>
  25. 25. Two Amendments <ul><li>Income tax – 16 Amendment – ratified in 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Direct election on Senators – 17 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>ratified in 1913 </li></ul>
  26. 26. Election of 1896 <ul><li>William McKinley William Jennings Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Democrat </li></ul>
  27. 28. McKinley <ul><li>USS Maine explodes in Cuban harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish-American war (chapter 23) </li></ul>
  28. 29. Election of 1900 <ul><li>William McKinley William Jennings Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Democrat </li></ul>
  29. 31. Teddy Roosevelt 26 th President <ul><li>Intervenes in coal mining strike </li></ul><ul><li>Makes Philippines a United States territory </li></ul><ul><li>Begins work on Panama Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Youngest President (42) </li></ul>
  30. 33. Election of 1904 <ul><li>Roosevelt Alton B Parker </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Democrat </li></ul>
  31. 35. Teddy Roosevelt <ul><li>Hepburn Act </li></ul><ul><li>Meat Inspection Act </li></ul><ul><li>Pure Food and Drug Act </li></ul>
  32. 36. Election of 1908 <ul><li>William Howard Taft Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Democrat </li></ul>
  33. 37. Taft – 27 th President <ul><li>Triangle Shirtwaist company fire </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Oil asked to dissolve under Sherman Anti-Trust act </li></ul><ul><li>Eight hour work day for all workers with federal contracts </li></ul><ul><li>16 th amendment ratified </li></ul>
  34. 38. Election of 1912 <ul><li>Taft Woodrow Wilson Teddy Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Democrat Bull Moose </li></ul>
  35. 39. <ul><li>In 1912 presidential campaign saw issues raised that raised questions about the future of </li></ul><ul><li>American democracy, </li></ul><ul><li>direct democracy </li></ul><ul><li>conservation of natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>the future shape of the American economy, </li></ul><ul><li>the tariff </li></ul><ul><li>regulation of big business </li></ul><ul><li>labor question </li></ul>
  36. 40. <ul><li>and the relationship between the federal government and American citizens.  </li></ul><ul><li>women voting </li></ul><ul><li>race problems </li></ul>
  37. 42. Wilson – 28 th President <ul><li>New Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Reserve system established </li></ul><ul><li>17 th amendments ratified </li></ul><ul><li>Panama Canal is completed </li></ul><ul><li>WWI begins in Europe </li></ul>

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