Progressivism

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good visuals for the Progressive Movement of the early 20th Century

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Progressivism

  1. 1. Unit 2 Visual Reinforcement Progressivism
  2. 2. <ul><li>Muckrakers </li></ul><ul><li>Triangle Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Galveston Hurricane of 1900 </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive State Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>16 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Election of 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Crow (caution: graphic images) </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s Suffrage Movement </li></ul>Table of Contents
  3. 3. Upton Sinclair <ul><li>Progressive writer – expose on meat packing industry in US </li></ul><ul><li>The Jungle (1906) was an immediate success selling over 150,000 copies. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Socialists in the United States wanted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>End of capitalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribute wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government ownership of industries </li></ul></ul>Socialism
  5. 5. Florence Kelley <ul><li>Leader in area of work reform: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibit child labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulate sweatshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit hours of work for women </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Mother Jones <ul><li>Irish immigrant who was inspired by her own personal convictions and tragedies. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized unions in the mines of West Virginia and Colorado. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What was a “muckraker”? <ul><li>Muckraker is a name that was first given to American writers in the early 20th century who exposed corruption and scandals in business and politics. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ida Tarbell <ul><li>Famous exposé of the Standard Oil Company and its executive, John D. Rockefeller </li></ul>
  9. 9. Lincoln Steffens <ul><li>Investigative reporter, Steffens first and most noted book, The Shame of the Cities, dealt with political decay in America. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Triangle Shirtwaist Company in 1911 <ul><li>146 workers died in an unsafe factory when a fire broke out. </li></ul><ul><li>The doors were locked and many women jumped to their deaths. </li></ul>
  11. 21. More Power to Voters Direct Primary Voters select party candidate Initiative Voters put bill on ballot Referendum Voters approve/reject a law passed by legislature Recall Remove elected official before term is up
  12. 25. 16 th Amendment <ul><li>The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration. </li></ul>
  13. 26. Tax Rates today…
  14. 27. William Howard Taft (27) <ul><li>Only person to serve in all 3 Branches of Federal Government: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Reps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief Justice of Supreme Court </li></ul></ul>
  15. 28. Election of 1912
  16. 29. Woodrow Wilson (28) <ul><li>Progressive Governor of New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>President of Princeton University </li></ul><ul><li>Wins election because Republicans were split </li></ul>
  17. 30. What did the Federal Reserve Board create? <ul><li>A nationwide system of 12 regional reserve districts, each with its own central bank. </li></ul><ul><li>These banks had the power to issue paper money. </li></ul>
  18. 32. Jim Crow <ul><li>After the end of Reconstruction, African Americans in the South lost their hard-won political rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Crow (segregation) became a fact of life in the South. </li></ul>
  19. 34. Lynching
  20. 36. Woman’s Suffrage
  21. 41. The Leaders…. Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  22. 42. Next generation of leaders… Carrie C. Catt and Alice Paul
  23. 43. Protest at White House…

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