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Reconstruction and it Effects


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Reconstruction and it Effects

  2. 2. <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Readmitting southern states into the union leads to legislative vs. executive branch power struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship of African-Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Impeached Johnson, not guilty by one vote </li></ul><ul><li>1867 legislation to readmit a state after approving 14 th amendment and giving African-American men the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>14 th Amendment: Born or naturalized= citizens </li></ul><ul><li>15 th Amendment: Voting right not based on race or color of skin </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks elected to political office </li></ul><ul><li>KKK terrorized and killed blacks </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Responses </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Devastation of industry, infrastructure, agriculture, and end of slave labor </li></ul><ul><li>Severe problems with value of property, investment gone, small farms ruined </li></ul><ul><li>1/5 of adult white males and tens of thousands of black men died in the war </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman’s march = Massive destruction </li></ul><ul><li>Who will control the land? </li></ul><ul><li>Southern government increased taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Scalawags: white southerners who joined the Republican Party to improve economic position against wealthy landowners </li></ul><ul><li>Carpetbaggers: Northerners who moved South to help with reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman promised 40 acres and a mule to former slaves who followed the Northern Army, but months later, Johnson returned the land to original owners </li></ul><ul><li>Plantations were replaced with sharecropping, whites controlled land, African-American “rented” land to grow crops on </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Helping former slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Freedman’s Bureau: Medical aid and education to freed slaves and war refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Act 1866: Equal protection under law to African-Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Act 1875: Outlawed racial segregation in public services </li></ul>