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Information Literacy meets
the Mobile Web
The world is going mobile
But what does this mean for us?
Meeting them where they are
What is Information Literacy?
How Information Literacy could become
4.1 billion mobile subscriptions in the world by end of 2008
That’s 61.1% of the global population.
23% of 6.7 billion use the internet
By end of 2008 335m mobile broadband subscribers.
14% in developed world, and 1% in developing world.
ECAR Study 2008
66.1% have internet capable cellphones
of whom 25.9% access internet once a
week or more often
Held back by cost, speed, difficulty of
“I remember when the Internet first arrived in
schools how sceptical some of my teachers were. I
dare some of them said: "It'll never catch on". Well,
it did. Big time. It's about time schools sharpened
their focus on how they can help students power up
their learning with their mobile devices, rather than
have them power down at the school door.”
(Ewan MacIntosh National Adviser: Learning and
Technology Futures,Learning and Teaching,
A report by Toni Twiss, Some lessons
eFellow programme, New “The potential for mobile phone
Zealand Ministry of use in classrooms is exciting”
Education, 2009 Mobiles best used for small
Using mobiles to help build guided tasks in the lessons
student information literacy Many students struggled with
1 Primary and 2 Secondary
Problems with speed, screen
school classes surveyed size and ease of use
using Vodafone 3G Primary class the most
phones.Used OperaMini enthusiastic
browser to view Web.
Able to use unfiltered Web
and YouTube videos.
CIBER report, Information behaviour of
the researcher of the future. Jan. 2008 Flickr mosmanlibrary img 9425
What is Information Literacy?
“Information literacy is the adoption of
appropriate information behaviour to
identify through whatever channel or
medium, information well fitted to
information needs, leading to wise and
ethical use of information in society.”
(Sheila Webber and Bill Johnston)
SCONUL 7 Pillars
Recognising need for information
Distinguishing sources and access
Constructing search strategies
Locating and accessing
Comparing & evaluating
Organising, applying and communicating
Synthesising and adding new knowledge
The MEGO effect!
“Most instructors have stood in
front of a class only to wonder
if their only purpose on that
day was to serve as a sedative
for the majority of the class.”
Payne, et al (2006)
My eyes glaze over
Somebody has been telling
her “about” the Library!
Mobile Web challenges
Special mobile pages?
Lack of additional
Some sites inaccessible
eg video sites, pdfs
Slow speed to load
Pages broken up
Cost of access
Bluetooth is an open wireless protocol
for exchanging data over short distances
from fixed and mobile devices, creating
Personal area networks (PANs).
Count the iPhones
”It will herald a whole generation of advanced
Web-capable mobile devices…
it’s the Web but not as we know it! “
Google Search, Maps and
YouTube in a Palm Pre
5 June 2009)
Is it good idea to do fixed term projects
for high end phones? Most students
don’t have these.
What about lower end?
Where do we start?
“Forget the whole bit about one laptop per child. It
hasn’t worked …. By the time concerned
administrations are done locking down the machines,
they’re little more than electric pencils… So I say we
turn from this idea and go for a plan that can really
work—an iPhone, or at least an iPod Touch, for every
(Christopher Harris, School Library Journal ,11/1/2008)
6. Handhelds for reference services at
Penn State University
Emily Rimland Penn State University
Used Sony Viai UX-490, OQO, Futitsu Lifebook and
Outcomes of trial at Penn State
Each device had good and “Handheld devices
bad points significantly extend the
Each one involved a services that can be
learning curve to get used to
offered to patrons by
Sustainability of wireless
access was an issue
allowing rovers to go to
Screen size made it hard to
the user and assist with
see all options available a variety of online
Lifebook considered overall tasks.”
Different instruments for
separate skill levels
Can use on proprietory
clicker, web browser or cell
Poll Everywhere is good
example of software
available. (Used in the Toni
Twiss project in New
9. For evaluation
Kathy Weise used Palm
handhelds in a school in New
Hampshire loaded with
evaluation criteria that
students could apply and
add to when looking at
material on the web and
then data was uploaded to a
10. QR codes
Using Neo Reader which is free on the iPhone.
1. Scan the QR Code
2. Accept the image taken
3. Neo Reader automatically delivers an action. In this case to open my Flickr stream.
2D barcode usage in
Watch and consider potential
11. Use RefWorks on your
mobile with RefMobile
“The nature of search in this new world
of mobile Internet devices will shift.
This is because the journey that
Generation Y is taking on the Internet is
more concerned with social expression
than finding information”
(Taptu White paper Feb 2008 “Making search social for the mobile
This is just the beginning!
Mobiles foster active learning techniques catering for varied
Don’t underestimate the speed of change
So be among the trend setters and experiment!
Librarians go wild