Information Literacy gets mobile


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Presentation given at Second M-Libraries Conference in Vancouver June 2009

Published in: Education, Business

Information Literacy gets mobile

  1. 1. Information Literacy gets Mobile Peter Godwin University of Bedfordshire June 2009
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  3. 3. Information Literacy meets the Mobile Web  The world is going mobile  But what does this mean for us?  Meeting them where they are  What is Information Literacy?  How Information Literacy could become mobile  Future challenges
  4. 4. 4.1 billion mobile subscriptions in the world by end of 2008 That’s 61.1% of the global population.
  5. 5. 23% of 6.7 billion use the internet By end of 2008 335m mobile broadband subscribers. 14% in developed world, and 1% in developing world.
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  8. 8. ECAR Study 2008  66.1% have internet capable cellphones of whom 25.9% access internet once a week or more often  Held back by cost, speed, difficulty of use
  9. 9. “I remember when the Internet first arrived in schools how sceptical some of my teachers were. I dare some of them said: "It'll never catch on". Well, it did. Big time. It's about time schools sharpened their focus on how they can help students power up their learning with their mobile devices, rather than have them power down at the school door.” (Ewan MacIntosh National Adviser: Learning and Technology Futures,Learning and Teaching, Scotland)
  10. 10. Ubiquitous information  A report by Toni Twiss, Some lessons eFellow programme, New  “The potential for mobile phone Zealand Ministry of use in classrooms is exciting” Education, 2009  Mobiles best used for small  Using mobiles to help build guided tasks in the lessons student information literacy  Many students struggled with the navigation  1 Primary and 2 Secondary  Problems with speed, screen school classes surveyed size and ease of use using Vodafone 3G  Primary class the most phones.Used OperaMini enthusiastic browser to view Web.  Able to use unfiltered Web and YouTube videos.
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  14. 14. But what does this mean for us in libraries?
  15. 15. CIBER report, Information behaviour of the researcher of the future. Jan. 2008 Flickr mosmanlibrary img 9425
  16. 16. What is Information Literacy? “Information literacy is the adoption of appropriate information behaviour to identify through whatever channel or medium, information well fitted to information needs, leading to wise and ethical use of information in society.” (Sheila Webber and Bill Johnston)
  17. 17. SCONUL Seven Pillars framework
  18. 18. SCONUL 7 Pillars  Recognising need for information  Distinguishing sources and access  Constructing search strategies  Locating and accessing  Comparing & evaluating  Organising, applying and communicating  Synthesising and adding new knowledge
  19. 19. The MEGO effect! “Most instructors have stood in front of a class only to wonder if their only purpose on that day was to serve as a sedative for the majority of the class.” Payne, et al (2006) My eyes glaze over
  20. 20. Somebody has been telling her “about” the Library!
  21. 21. What’s next? But…..
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  23. 23. Mobile devices Blackberry Pda Cellphone iPodTouch iPhone
  24. 24. Mobile Web challenges  Special mobile pages?  Lack of additional windows  Poor navigation  No Javascript or cookies  Some sites inaccessible eg video sites, pdfs  Slow speed to load  Pages broken up  Compressed pages  Cost of access
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  26. 26. WiFi hotspots
  27. 27. Bluetooth Bluetooth is an open wireless protocol for exchanging data over short distances from fixed and mobile devices, creating Personal area networks (PANs).
  28. 28. iPhone
  29. 29. Count the iPhones
  30. 30. ”It will herald a whole generation of advanced Web-capable mobile devices… it’s the Web but not as we know it! “ (Dan Appelquist)
  31. 31. Google Search, Maps and YouTube in a Palm Pre (Mobiles Technology 5 June 2009)
  32. 32. Question  Is it good idea to do fixed term projects for high end phones? Most students don’t have these.  What about lower end?
  33. 33. Where do we start? “Forget the whole bit about one laptop per child. It hasn’t worked …. By the time concerned administrations are done locking down the machines, they’re little more than electric pencils… So I say we turn from this idea and go for a plan that can really work—an iPhone, or at least an iPod Touch, for every student.” (Christopher Harris, School Library Journal ,11/1/2008)
  34. 34. How Information Literacy could become mobile
  35. 35. 1.Library Web site  Make your site viewable on a cell phone or other device
  36. 36. Mobilib at NCSU Library
  37. 37. 2. Tours
  38. 38. 3. Database access  Special mobile version or  Standard version?
  39. 39. PubMed on Tap  PubMed on tap  OCLC WorldCat
  40. 40. Mobile Social Current awareness Information flow (t for libs Joe Murphy) Twitter Use for ref , instruction, outreach
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  42. 42. 5. SMS Reference desk
  43. 43. 6. Handhelds for reference services at Penn State University  Emily Rimland Penn State University  Used Sony Viai UX-490, OQO, Futitsu Lifebook and Nokia N-810
  44. 44. Outcomes of trial at Penn State  Each device had good and “Handheld devices bad points significantly extend the  Each one involved a services that can be learning curve to get used to offered to patrons by  Sustainability of wireless access was an issue allowing rovers to go to  Screen size made it hard to the user and assist with see all options available a variety of online  Lifebook considered overall tasks.” best
  45. 45. 7.Screencasting, podcasting and vodcasting
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  47. 47. 8. Polls  Different instruments for separate skill levels  Can use on proprietory clicker, web browser or cell phone  Poll Everywhere is good example of software available. (Used in the Toni Twiss project in New Zealand)
  48. 48. 9. For evaluation  Kathy Weise used Palm handhelds in a school in New Hampshire loaded with evaluation criteria that students could apply and add to when looking at material on the web and then data was uploaded to a database. 2594018979
  49. 49. 10. QR codes
  50. 50. Using Neo Reader which is free on the iPhone. 1. Scan the QR Code 2. Accept the image taken 3. Neo Reader automatically delivers an action. In this case to open my Flickr stream.
  51. 51. 2D barcode usage in Aftonbladet Watch and consider potential for libraries
  52. 52. 11. Use RefWorks on your mobile with RefMobile
  53. 53. 12. Youtube
  54. 54. But cell phones are hard
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  56. 56. Limitations  Variations and capabilities of types of devices  Speed  Cost  Need for Bluetooth and more joined up Wi-Fi access
  57. 57. OCLS Mobile for iPhone and iTouch
  58. 58.  “The nature of search in this new world of mobile Internet devices will shift. This is because the journey that Generation Y is taking on the Internet is more concerned with social expression than finding information” (Taptu White paper Feb 2008 “Making search social for the mobile generation”)
  59. 59. This is just the beginning! Mobiles foster active learning techniques catering for varied learning styles Don’t underestimate the speed of change So be among the trend setters and experiment!
  60. 60. Librarians go wild