4 language, society and culture

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4 language, society and culture

  1. 1. Language, Society and Culture Gabriel Fernando Jara Muñoz
  2. 2. Before we start Way of Speaking Can give clues of Accent Dialect Social Identity Social Groups Speech Communities Rules Norms Expectations Everything is studied by the SOCIOLINGUISTICS
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sociolin guistics </li></ul><ul><li>Society - language </li></ul>Anthropology Language/culture Sociology Social Groups Institutions Social Psychology Attitudes Perceptions Social Dialects Class Education Age Sex however are required to study As social dialects have a social background, there are other factors when it comes to the valorisation of the language in use: Social Values  Language Use Overt prestige Covert prestige General recognized way of speaking non-standard ways of speaking SUB- GROUPS
  4. 4. Social Dialects: Class & Education Class Education low Middle High Low high College Written/ Formal Language Pronunciation /r/ /n/ /h/ There are changes in the Low class avoid those sounds
  5. 5. Social Dialects: Age & Gender Young Old Grandparents Grandchild Expressions AGE GENDER Female Male Co-operation Prestigious Topic: Feelings Solutions Informal Sports News Competitive Analysed between Have different Language is usually gives Language is usually
  6. 6. Social Dialects: Ethnic Background Idiolect Black English Vernacular Absence of Copula Lexical Changes Grammatical Changes Personal dialect Of each individual Speaker Voice Physical features called contains Is a Deals with
  7. 7. Context Situation USE Style Spoken Written Formal Informal Register Religion Legal Jargon Technical Vocabulary Inside of Certain areas Social Dialects: Style , Register & Jargon Deals with the And the Can be Refers to Can be means just

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