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Language, Society and
Culture
   The way you speak provide you with
    some information about your social
    context or your region.

   But there are some other variations.
   A speech community is a group of
    people who share a set of norms,
    rules and expectations regarding the
    use of language.

   Investigating language from this
    perspective is sociolinguistics.
   Sociolinguistics: Deals with the inter-
    relationships between language and
    society.
   Social Dialects:

   Is the result of the taking into account
    that we are able to make studies on
    social dialects.
   Interaction between social values and
    language we recognized.

   Over prestige: Positve valued ways of
    speaking in social communities.

   Covert prestige: Hidden positive
    values.
Social Class and Education
   There are variation according to social
    class and also according to education
    level. It will depend on the level of
    education the speaker has and their
    social position.
Age and Gender
   Variation according to age is possible
    to be found among parents and their
    children, for example. But it is most
    noticiable across the grandparents –
    grandchild time span.
   Among male and female speakers
    there are some other variations.
    Women and men do not use the
    language in the same way.

   For example, women tend to use more
    formal style.
Ethnical Backgroung
   One of the social varieties is according
    to ethnical background. A clear
    example of this is the one used by the
    African-Americans known as Black
    English Varnicular (BEV)
   Idiolect:

   Personal dialect of each speaker of a
    language.
Style Register
   According to the style of register used
    by the speaker it goes from the
    informal to the very formal.

   This differences can also be found in
    written language with business letters
    versus letters to friends.

   *Written language will always be more
    formal than spoken language.
   Jargon:

   Technical vocabulary associated with
    a special activity or group.

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Language, society and culture

  • 2. The way you speak provide you with some information about your social context or your region.  But there are some other variations.
  • 3. A speech community is a group of people who share a set of norms, rules and expectations regarding the use of language.  Investigating language from this perspective is sociolinguistics.
  • 4. Sociolinguistics: Deals with the inter- relationships between language and society.
  • 5. Social Dialects:  Is the result of the taking into account that we are able to make studies on social dialects.
  • 6. Interaction between social values and language we recognized.  Over prestige: Positve valued ways of speaking in social communities.  Covert prestige: Hidden positive values.
  • 7. Social Class and Education  There are variation according to social class and also according to education level. It will depend on the level of education the speaker has and their social position.
  • 8. Age and Gender  Variation according to age is possible to be found among parents and their children, for example. But it is most noticiable across the grandparents – grandchild time span.
  • 9. Among male and female speakers there are some other variations. Women and men do not use the language in the same way.  For example, women tend to use more formal style.
  • 10. Ethnical Backgroung  One of the social varieties is according to ethnical background. A clear example of this is the one used by the African-Americans known as Black English Varnicular (BEV)
  • 11. Idiolect:  Personal dialect of each speaker of a language.
  • 12. Style Register  According to the style of register used by the speaker it goes from the informal to the very formal.  This differences can also be found in written language with business letters versus letters to friends.  *Written language will always be more formal than spoken language.
  • 13. Jargon:  Technical vocabulary associated with a special activity or group.