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Strokovne podlage za vključitev Slovenije v PEFC certifikacijsko shemo (Technical bases for inclusion of Slovenia in PEFC certification scheme), 2002

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The document includes all neccesary technical bases for inclusion of Slovenia into PEFC scheme and served as main background for later adoption of PEFC Slovenia.

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Transcript of "Strokovne podlage za vključitev Slovenije v PEFC certifikacijsko shemo (Technical bases for inclusion of Slovenia in PEFC certification scheme), 2002"

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  231. 231. IL]LþQD VHJUHJDFLMD 3UYD GYD WHPHOMLWD QD LQYHQWXUQL NRQWUROL LQ ELODQFDK OHVQLK WRNRY WUHWML SD QDIL]LþQHP ORþHYDQMX ,QSXWRXWSXW SULVWRS SRPHQL GD VH ODKNR FHUWLILFLUD WROLNãHQ GHOHå OHVQLKSURL]YRGRY NRW MH ]QDãDO GHOHå FHUWLILFLUDQHJD OHVD NL MH VWRSLO Y SUHGHODYR 6LVWHP PLQLPDOQHJDSRYSUHþQHJD SURFHQWD OHVD NL Y 3() ]QDãD SRPHQL GD PRUD QDMPDQM WROLNãHQ GHOHåFHUWLILFLUDQHJD OHVD YVWRSLWL Y SUHGHORYDOQR YHULJR GD EL ODKNR VNXSQD NROLþLQD SURL]YRGRY ELOD
  232. 232. R]QDþHQD NRW FHUWLILFLUDQD )L]LþQD VHJUHJDFLMD SD YNOMXþXMH IL]LþQR ORþHYDQMH OHVD L] UD]OLþQLKL]YRURY Y YVHK ID]DK WUDQVSRUWD SURL]YRGQMH LQ GLVWULEXFLMH9 SULQFLSX R SRNULYD FHUWLILFLUDQH JR]GQH SURL]YRGH RG WRþNH NMHU GRORþHQD RUJDQL]DFLMDSUHY]DPH ODVWQLãWYR DOL NRQWUROR QDG WHPL SURL]YRGL GR QDVOHGQMHJD þOHQD Y SURL]YRGQL YHULJL OHVDDOL SD GR NRQþQHJD XSRUDEQLND 9HULILNDFLMD SURL]YRGQH YHULJH OHVD VH ]DKWHYD ]D YVDSUHGHORYDOQD SRGMHWMD Y SURL]YRGQL YHULJL LQ WUJRYVND SRGMHWMD NL L]YDMDMR SUHSDNLUDQMH VLFHUR]QDþHQLK ODEHOLUDQLK
  233. 233. SDNHWRY SURL]YRGRY 6LVWHP 3()R RG SRGMHWLM ]DKWHYD VLVWHPYHULILNDFLMH SRUHNOD OHVD LQDOL SURL]YRGD FHUWLILFLUDQR JRVSRGDUMHQMH ] JR]GRYL FHULILNDW R DOLGUXJ GRND] R L]YRUX OHVD
  234. 234. 3UHG YVDNR QDVOHGQMR VWRSQMR SUHGHODYH PRUD ELWL ]DJRWRYOMHQ L]YRUOHVD LQDOL SURL]YRGD9HULILNDFLMR R RSUDYOMD QHRGYLVQR FHUWLILNDFLMVNR WHOR NL MH DNUHGLWLUDQR V VWUDQL QDFLRQDOQHJDDNUHGLWDFLMVNHJD WHOHVD .RQWUROQL VLVWHP SRGMHWMD PRUD GHILQLUDWL RGJRYRUQR RVHER NL MHSRREODãþHQD ]D NRQWUROR SRVWRSNH ]D REGHODYR LQ VKUDQMHYDQMH LQIRUPDFLM WHU SRWUHEQHGRNXPHQWH REUD]FH
  235. 235. 1D WDN QDþLQ MH RPRJRþHQ YSRJOHG Y NROLþLQH LQ GHOHåH FHUWLILFLUDQHJD OHVDLQ OHVQLK L]GHONRY GREDYH QD VNODGLãþLK WHU LQSXWH Y SURL]YRGQML LQ Y SULPHUX XSRUDEH VLVWHPDR]QDþHYDQMD OHVD V þUWQLPL NRGDPL HQRVWDYQR NRQWUROR 9 SULPHUX XSRUDEH PHWRG NL WHPHOMLMRQD GHOHåX FHUWLILFLUDQHJD OHVD Y SURL]YRGX VH ]D XJRWDYOMDQMH RGVWRWNRY XSRUDEOMD ERGLVL YROXPHQDOL SD VXKD PDVD OHVD9HULILNDFLMD FHUWLILNDWD R ODKNR SRWHND SUHNR 3() WHU SUHNR FHUWLILNDWRY VWDQGDUGRY ,62,62(0$6 NL YNOMXþXMHMR YHULILNDFLMR 2 WHU VR Y VNODGX V SULQFLSL 3() 6LVWHPFHUWLILFLUDQMD R MH VKHPDWLþQR SUHGVWDYOMHQ Y JUDILNRQX Y SULORJL ãW =DKWHYH R VH ODKNRQDQDãDMR QD UD]OLþQH ID]H SURL]YRGQLK SURFHVRY LQ ]D UD]OLþQH YUVWH SUHGHODYH OHVD HUWLILFLUDQ MHODKNR FHORWHQ SURL]YRGL REUDW SRVDPH]QD SURL]YRGQD HQRWD DOL SD OH GHO SURL]YRGQMH 0RåQD MHPRGLILNDFLMD R FHUWLILNDFLMH ]D PDMKQH LQ VUHGQMH OHVQR SUHGHORYDOQD SRGMHWMD NL MR SUHGVWDYOMDVNXSLQVNR FHUWLILFLUDQMH NURYQLK RUJDQL]DFLM VNXSLQ SUHGHORYDOFHY OHVD SURGDMH OHVD
  236. 236. .URYQDRUJDQL]DFLMD PRUD FHUWLILNDFLMVNHPX WHOHVX SUHGORåLWL OLVWR þODQRY ]GUXåHQMD SROHJ WHJD SDSUHY]DPH WXGL DGPLQLVWUDWLYQH GHMDYQRVWL1DFLRQDOQR XSUDYQR WHOR YRGL UHJLVWHU YVHK SRREODãþHQFHY R]LURPD LPHWQLNRY FHUWLILNDWRY ]D R3RREODãþHQH RUJDQL]DFLMH EL SR L]SROQLWYL UHJLVWUDFLMVNHJD IRUPXODUMD SODþLOX SULVWRMELQH LQSUHGORåLWYL FHUWLILNDWD SULGRELOH UHJLVWUDFLMVNR ãWHYLONR LQ SRWUGLOR GD VR ]DYHGHQH Y UHJLVWUXFHUWLILFLUDQLK SRREODãþHQLK RUJDQL]DFLM
  237. 237. 1DFLRQDOQD L]KRGLãþD1D QDFLRQDOQL UDYQL VH PRUDMR XSRãWHYDWL GRORþLOD VWDQGDUGD R3() NL VR RSUHGHOMHQD YWHKQLþQHP GRNXPHQWX 0RåQRVWL PRGLILNDFLMH QD QDFLRQDOQL UDYQL VR PRþQR RPHMHQH NDUSRWUMXMHMR WXGL QDFLRQDOQL VWDQGDUGL R3() GUXJLK HYURSVNLK GUåDY 1DYRGLOD SUHYRG DQHNVDãW
  238. 238. LQWHUSUHWDFLMH SULND] RUJDQL]DFLMH 3()R WHU WXMLK L]NXãHQM ]ODVWL Y SRJOHGX PRGHORYFHUWLILFLUDQMD R PDMKQLK LQ VUHGQMLK SRGMHWLM WHU VWURNRYQH SRGODJH ]D WRYUVWQD VORYHQVNDQDYRGLOD VR SULND]DQD Y SULORJL ãW WH ãWXGLMH %ODJRYQD ]QDPND 3() LQ ORJRWLS 3() L]KRGLãþD3UDYLOD LQ VPHUQLFH NL ]DGHYDMR EODJRYQR ]QDPNR 3() LQ ORJR VR SRGDQD Y DQHNVX ãW WHKQLþQHJD GRNXPHQWD 9 QMHP MH VSHFLILFLUDQR NGR MH ODVWQLN LQ XSUDYOMDYHF ORJD NGR LPDSUDYLFR XSRUDEH EODJRYQH ]QDPNH LQ ORJD NDWHUH ]DKWHYH VR YNOMXþHQH Y ORJR QD NDNãHQ QDþLQRQ DOL RIISURGXFW
  239. 239. VH ODKNR XSRUDEOMD LQ NDNãQH VR VSHFLILNDFLMH Y ]YH]L ] UHSURGXNFLMR ORJD YWLVNDQLK LQ SXEOLFLUDQLK REOLNDK6NXSQL NROHNWLY EODJRYQH ]QDPNH LQ ORJD MH UHJLVWULUDQ LQ Y ODVWL 3() 8SRUDEOMDWD VH ODKNR NRWNRPXQLNDFLMVNR VUHGVWYR NL YNOMXþXMH WXGL R]QDþHYDQMH SURL]YRGRY NL L]KDMDMR L] FHUWLILFLUDQLKJR]GRY 3RVHEQD SUDYLOD ]D XSRUDER EODJRYQH ]QDPNH GRJRYRUMHQD PHG QDFLRQDOQLPL WHOHVL VRSRGUREQHMH SRGDQD Y QDYHGHQHP DQHNVX3() ORJR VH ODKNR XSRUDEOMD QD GYD UD]OLþQD QDþLQD LQ VLFHU NRW GHNODUDFLMD QD SURL]YRGX QDR]QDNL QD VDPHP SURL]YRGX DOL NRW åLJ QD RNURJOHP OHVX
  240. 240. DOL QD GRNXPHQWDFLML VSUHPOMDMRþLGRNXPHQWL VSORãQL GRNXPHQWL
  241. 241. 9 RGYLVQRVWL RG PHWRGH QD NDWHUL ED]LUD YHULILNDFLMD R VHORJRWLS ODKNR GRSROQL LQ VLFHU ] EHVHGLORP SRVSHãHYDQMH WUDMQRVWQHJD JRVSRGDUMHQMD ] JR]GRYL]D LQSXWRXWSXW VLVWHP LQ PLQLPDOQL SRYSUHþQL SURFHQW
  242. 242. DOL L] WUDMQRVWQR JRVSRGDUMHQLK JR]GRY]D VLVWHP IL]LþQHJD ORþHYDQMD OHVD SUL NDWHUHP MH FHUWLILFLUDQHJD OHVD
  243. 243. 9 ]YH]L ] EODJRYQR ]QDPNR LQ ORJRWLSRP 3() LPDMR QDFLRQDOQD XSUDYQD WHOHVD QDVOHGQMH QDORJH SUDYLFH‰ XSRUDED ORJRWLSD ]D L]REUDåHYDOQH QDPHQH‰ L]GDMDQMH VXE
  244. 244. OLFHQF RE VRJODVMX 3() SR SRJRGEL
  245. 245. LQ Y VNODGX ] QDYRGLOL‰ YRGHQMH DåXUQHJD UHJLVWUD YVHK SRGHOMHQLK VXE
  246. 246. OLFHQF XSRUDEQLNRY ORJRWLSD Y LPHQX 3()
  247. 247. WHU ]DJRWRYLWHY HOHNWURQVNH SRYH]DYH V 3() VHNUHWDULDWRP
  248. 248. 1DFLRQDOQD L]KRGLãþD1D QDFLRQDOQL UDYQL VH PRUD XSRãWHYDWL GRORþLOD WHKQLþQHJD GRNXPHQWD R]LURPD QDYRGLO Y QMHJRYLSULORJL ãW 6LVWHP UDEH ORJRWLSD 3() MH VKHPDWLþQR SULND]DQ Y JUDILNRQX Y SULORJL ãW 3UHYRGSRGUREQLK QDYRGLO LQWHUSUHWDFLMD RUJDQL]DFLMD SULND] WXMLK L]NXãHQM LQ VWURNRYQH SRGODJH ]DWRYUVWQD VORYHQVND QDYRGLOD VR SULND]DQD Y SULORJL ãW WH ãWXGLMH 35(/2* 25*$1,=,5$1267, 3() 6/29(1,-$ 3() ,=+2,âý$)XQNFLRQLUDQMH VKHPH 3() QD PHGQDURGQL UDYQL LQ NRRUGLQDFLMD ] QDFLRQDOQLPL XSUDYQLPL WHOHVLMH ]DJRWRYOMHQR SUHNR 6YHWD 3() 3()
  249. 249. 2UJDQL]DFLMVNH XUHGLWYH VR GRORþHQH V VWDWXWL0HGQDURGQR XSUDYQR WHOR 3() MH RUJDQL]LUDQR Y REOLNL QHSURILWQH QHYODGQH RUJDQL]DFLMH VVYRMLP VHGHåHP Y /XNVHPEXUJX JOHM 6WDWXW 3()
  250. 250. 6NODGQR V WDPNDMãQMR ]DNRQRGDMR LPD VYRMHXSUDYQH RUJDQH *HQHUDOQR VNXSãþLQR LQ 2GERU GLUHNWRUMHY ýODQLFH 3() R]LURPD *HQHUDOQHVNXSãþLQH VR QDFLRQDOQD XSUDYQD WHOHVD 3() þH YDQM SULVWRSLMR SODþDMR þODQDULQR
  251. 251. ýODQLFHLPDMR RG HQHJD GR WUHK JODVRY RGYLVQR RG QMLKRYH YHOLNRVWL PHUMHQH Y PLOLMRQLK NXELþQLK PHWURYOHWQHJD SRVHND GR ± LQ !
  252. 252. 9 RNYLUX XSUDYQHJD WHOHVD 3() VR REOLNRYDQMHSRVDPH]QH GHORYQH VNXSLQH QSU ]D VWDQGDUGH
  253. 253. 8SUDYQRDGPLQLVWUDWLYQH LQ GUXJH QDORJH ]DXSUDYQR WHOR RSUDYOMD *HQHUDOQL VHNUHWDULDW9 WHKQLþQLP GRNXPHQWX 3() MH GRORþHQR GD V FLOMHP NRQVWLWXLUDQMD QDFLRQDOQHJD XSUDYQHJDWHOHVD RUJDQL]DFLMH ODVWQLNRY JR]GRY SRYDELMR GUXJH RUJDQL]DFLMH UHOHYDQWQLK ]DLQWHUHVLUDQLKVWUDQL 6WDWXW QDFLRQDOQHJD XSUDYQHJD WHOHVD VH SRãOMH Y RGREULWHY 6YHWX 3() 25*$1,=,5$1267 3() 6/29(1,-$ 8SUDYQR WHOR 3() 6ORYHQLMD1DãHPX SUHGODJDQHPX SULVWRSX ]ODVWL SUL FHUWLILNDFLML JR]GRY QDMEROM RGJRYDUMD UDFLRQDOQDFHQWUDOL]LUDQD REOLND RUJDQL]LUDQRVWL XSUDYQHJD WHOHVD 3() 6ORYHQLMD 8SUDYQR WHOR EL VH ODKNRRUJDQL]LUDOR XVWDQRYLOR NRW QHYODGQD LQ QHSURILWQD RUJDQL]DFLMD SRGREQR NRW MH WR 3()
  254. 254. 7DNãQD RUJDQL]DFLMD EL YVDM Y ]DþHWNX SRWUHERYDOD XVWUH]QR SRGSRUR JODYQLK ]D FHUWLILNDFLMR]DLQWHUHVLUDQLK VWUDQL ± WDNR QD VWUDQL JR]GRY NRW WXGL QD VWUDQL OHVQRSUHGHORYDOQH YHULJH VDMEUH] QMH FHUWLILNDFLMD QH ER ]DåLYHOD *OHGH QD WR GD MH FHUWLILNDFLMD ± NRW WUåQRVSRGEXMHYDOQLPHKDQL]HP ± WXGL Y QDFLRQDOQHP LQWHUHVX EL VYRMR ]DJRQVNR SRGSRUR WDNR NRW MH WHPXSURMHNWX
  255. 255. ODKNR ]DJRWDYOMDOD WXGL GUåDYD 9VH WR EL ELOR QDMODåMH Y QHYODGQL REOLNL RUJDQL]LUDQRVWL
  256. 256. 0RåQD REOLND RUJDQL]LUDQRVWL XSUDYQHJD WHOHVD ª3() 6ORYHQLMD© EL ODKNR ELOD WXGL JRVSRGDUVNRLQWHUHVQR ]GUXåHQMH NL EL JD YVDM ]DJRQVNR
  257. 257. ILQDQFLUDOL YVL WLVWL þODQL NL LPDMR LQWHUHV ]DFHUWLILNDFLMR 7DNãQR ]GUXåHQMH QDM EL VH NDVQHMH NR EL SURFHV FHUWLILNDFLMH ]DåLYHO ILQDQFLUDORVDPR 0RåQRVWL GUåDYQH ]DJRQVNH
  258. 258. SRGSRUH VR Y WHP SULPHUX PDQMãH UD]HQ PRUGD SUHNRPRUHELWQLK
  259. 259. UD]YRMQLK SURMHNWRY ]D NDWHUH EL VLFHU ODKNR NRQNXULUDOR WDNãQR ]GUXåHQMH7DNãQD RUJDQL]DFLMD EL LPHOD VYRM XSUDYQL RUJDQ QSU 2GERU
  260. 260. NL EL ELO VHVWDYOMHQ L]PHGSUHGVWDYQLNRY ]DLQWHUHVLUDQLK VWUDQL LQ 6HNUHWDULDW ] PLQLPDOQLP ãWHYLORP GHODYFHY Y RSWLPDOQLVHVWDYL QSU V VWURNRYQLP VHNUHWDUMHP LQ GYHPD VWURNRYQLPD UHIHUHQWRPD ]D FHUWLILNDFLMR JR]GRYLQ R WHU XSUDYQRDGPLQLVWUDWLYQLP VRGHODYFHP Y ]DþHWNX QSU OH V VHNUHWDUMHP
  261. 261. 3ROHJXSUDYQHJD RUJDQD LQ 6HNUHWDULDWD EL RUJDQL]DFLMD 3() 6ORYHQLMD LPHOD GRORþHQH VWURNRYQHNRPLVLMH QSU VWURNRYQR NRPLVLMR ]D VWDQGDUGH NDNUãHQ MH åH VDP )RUXP
  262. 262. SRWUHEQD SD EL ELODQSU WXGL SRVHEQD NRPLVLMD ]D UD]UHãHYDQMH VSRURY SUL FHUWLILNDFLML5HJLRQDOQH RUJDQL]LUDQRVWL ª3() 6ORYHQLMD© QH SUHGYLGHYDPR 2UJDQL]DFLMD ª3() 6ORYHQLMD©QDM EL VH Y SULPHUX FHUWLILNDFLMH JR]GRY QDVORQLOD ]ODVWL QD RUJDQL]DFLMR .*= LQ QD 6.=*
  263. 263. NL EL ]DSRWUHEH 3() RSUDYOMDOD QHNDWHUH QDORJH Y SULPHUX FHUWLILNDFLMH SURL]YRGQH YHULJH SD QDXVWUH]QR WRYUVWQR ]GUXåHQMH R]LURPD *RVSRGDUVNR ]ERUQLFR Y NDWHUH VHVWDYL VR YVHOHVQRSUHGHORYDOQH GHMDYQRVWL0RåQD VKHPD RUJDQL]LUDQRVWL 3() 6ORYHQLMD ]D FHUWLILNDFLMR JR]GRY
  264. 264. MH Y SULORJL ãW WH ãWXGLMH HUWLILNDFLMVNR WHOR9 SURFHVX FHUWLILFLUDQMD QDVWRSDMR WUL VWUDQL 6WUDQ NL L]GHOD GRORþHQ VWDQGDUG WR EL ELOD RUJDQL]DFLMD 3() 6ORYHQLMD
  265. 265. 3URVLOHF ]D L]GDMR FHUWLILNDWD R L]SROQMHYDQMX ]DKWHY VWDQGDUGD QSU SRREODãþHQHF ODVWQLNRY JR]GRY DOL NURYQD RUJDQL]DFLMD ]GUXåHQMH OHVQRSUHGHORYDOQLK SRGMHWLM
  266. 266. HUWLILNDFLMVNR WHOR NL L]GD FHUWLILNDW R L]SROQMHYDQMX ]DKWHY GRORþHQHJD VWDQGDUGDHUWLILNDFLMVNR WHOR PHVWR PRUD LPHWL SRWUHEQR WHKQLþQR ]QDQMH LQ UD]YLWH SURFHGXUH FHUWLILFLUDQMDHUWLILNDFLMVNR WHOR WUHWMD VWUDQ
  267. 267. PRUD ELWL DNUHGLWLUDQR V VWUDQL QDFLRQDOQH DNUHGLWDFLMH 96ORYHQLML DNUHGLWDFLMR L]YDMD 6ORYHQVND DNUHGLWDFLMD 6$
  268. 268. HUWLILNDFLMVNR WHOR NL L]YDMD FHUWLILFLUDQMH JR]GRY LQ SURL]YRGQH YHULJH
  269. 269. PRUD L]SROQMHYDWLQDVOHGQMH SRJRMH” LPHWL PRUD QDFLRQDOQR VORYHQVNR
  270. 270. DNUHGLWDFLMR ]D VWDQGDUGH (1 LQ ,62 ” LPHWL PRUD UHIHUHQFH V SRGURþMD JR]GDUVWYD LQ OHVDUVWYD WHU ]QDQMD NL REVHJDMR QDWDQþQR SR]QDYDQMH FHUWLILNDFLMVNLK SRVWRSNRY LQ PHULO ]D FHUWLILFLUDQMH
  271. 271. ” SUHVRMHYDOFL DXGLWRUML
  272. 272. PRUDMR LPHWL QDMPDQM XQLYHU]LWHWQR VWURNRYQR L]REUD]ER 9,, VWRSQMD
  273. 273. QDMPDQM SHWOHWQH L]NXãQMH Y JR]GDUVNL R]LURPD OHVDUVNL VWURNL WHU SR]QDYDQMH SRVWRSNRY LQ PHULO ]D FHUWLILFLUDQMH FHUWLILNDFLMVNH VKHPH
  274. 274. HUWLILNDFLMVNR WHOR SUL QDV ODKNR QSU 6L4 %94, DOL NDNãQD QRYD DNUHGLWLUDQD RUJDQL]DFLMD
  275. 275. SUHVRMD LQ FHUWLILFLUD JR]GRYH LQ SURL]YRGQR YHULJR R
  276. 276. Y YVHK ID]DK Y VNODGX V NULWHULML LQQDYRGLOL ]D FHUWLILNDFLMR FHUWLILNDFLMVNR VKHPR
  277. 277. =D WH QDPHQH ODKNR GRORþL WXGL XVWUH]QRXVSRVREOMHQH ]XQDQMH SUHVRMHYDOFH3RORåDM FHUWLILNDFLMVNHJD WHOHVD Y VSORãQL VKHPL FHUWLILFLUDQMD MH SULND]DQ Y SULORJL ãW WH ãWXGLMHVSHFLILND ]D R SD Y SULORJL ãW WH ãWXGLMH ),1$1,5$1-( ,1 6752â., 3() )LQDQFLUDQMH XSUDYQHJD WHOHVD   8SUDYQHPX WHOHVX 3() EL PRUDOH ]DLQWHUHVLUDQH VWUDQL YNOMXþQR GUåDYD
  278. 278. QD ]DþHWNX ]DJRWRYLWLSRWUHEQR ]DJRQVNR ILQDQFLUDQMH NDVQHMH SD QDM EL VH ILQDQFLUDOR VDPR L] VYRMH GHMDYQRVWL
  279. 279. 1D]DþHWNX EL ELOR SRWUHEQR ]DJRWRYLWL VUHGVWYD YVDM ]D HQHJD GHODYFD LQ SRWUHEQH PDWHULDOQH LQGUXJH VWURãNH ]D GHORYDQMH 6HNUHWDULDWD XVNODMHYDQMH GHOR )RUXPD
  280. 280. WHU SULSUDYR FHUWLILNDFLMVNHVKHPH SODþLOR þODQDULQH Y 3() SODþLOR OLFHQFH 3() LWG 6WURãNL FHUWLILNDFLMH6WURãNL FHUWLILNDFLMH JR]GRY LQ OHVQRSUHGHORYDOQH YHULJH ]D QRVLOFHY VWURãNRY
  281. 281. QDVWDMDMR ]ODVWL]DUDGL” SULSUDYH WHKQLþQH GRNXPHQWDFLMH Y SULPHUX JR]GRY ]ODVWL REVHåQHJD WUDMQRVWQHJD SRURþLOD
  282. 282. ” L]YHGEH SRVWRSNRY YHULILNDFLMH LQ FHUWLILFLUDQMD SUHVRM LQ SRQRYQLK SUHVRM
  283. 283. WHU” SODþLOD VXE
  284. 284. OLFHQF ]D XSRUDER EODJRYQH ]QDPNH LQ ORJRWLSD 3()9 SUYLK GYHK SULPHULK MH QRVLOHF VWURãNRY SRREODãþHQHF ODVWQLNRY JR]GRY DOL SRGMHWLM
  285. 285. NL SURVL ]DFHUWLINDFLMR Y SULPHUL LQGLYLGXDOQH FHUWLILNDFLMH SD SRVDPH]QL ODVWQLN JR]GD QSU 6.=*
  286. 286. DOLSRGMHWMH 9 WUHWMHP SULPHUX MH QRVLOHF VWURãNRY YHGQR SRVDPH]QL ODVWQLN R]LURPD SRGMHWMH NLVXE
  287. 287. OLFHQFR ]D XSRUDER 3() EODJRYQH ]QDPNH LQ ORJRWLSD SULGREL SURWL SODþLOX SR SRJRGEL
  288. 288. 6WURãNL FHUWLILNDFLMH JR]GRY VR RGYLVQL ]ODVWL RG VSUHMHWLK VWDQGDUGRY PHULO LQ ND]DOQLNRY
  289. 289. JRVSRGDUMHQMD þDVRYQH GLQDPLNH SUHYHUMDQMD REVHJD SRWUHEQLK ]ODVWL GRGDWQLK
  290. 290. SRGDWNRY WHU 3UHGORJ ILQDQFLUDQMD XSUDYQHJD WHOHVD VHYHGD QL VHVWDYQL GHO FHUWLILNDFLMVNH VKHPH MH SD QXMQR L]KRGLãþH¡¢]D QMHJRYR Y]SRVWDYLWHY
  291. 291. SRYUãLQH JR]GRY NL VH SUHVRMD =D QDã SULVWRS N FHUWLILNDFLML VWURãNRY ]DHQNUDW ãH QH PRUHPRSUHGYLGHWL 3RWUHEQD EL ELOD L]YHGED SLORWQHJD SULPHUD FHUWLILNDFLMH JR]GRY3R L]NXãQMDK QHPãNH 3() FHUWLILNDFLMVNH VKHPH YHþLQD GUåDY VWURãNRY FHUWLILFLUDQMD Y VYRMLK   VKHPDK QH QDYDMD
  292. 292. ]QDãDMR VWURãNL FHUWLILNDFLMH JR]GRY ]D SRVDPH]QHJD ODVWQLND DOL ]GUXåHQMH]DþHWQLK (85 ]D L]GDMR FHUWLILNDWD
  293. 293. SOXV (85KD OHWQHJD SULVSHYND (85KD OHW
  294. 294. 6OHGQMHJD LQGLYLGXDOQL
  295. 295. ODVWQLNL JR]GRY PDQMãL RG KD QH SODþXMHMR=D ãYLFDUVNL VLVWHP NL MH ]HOR VSHFLILþHQ NHU SULPDUQR YHOMD ]D ãYLFDUVNR ªEODJRYQR ]QDPNR ¡ 4© NL ML OH GRGDMR ]QDPNR 3() VR ]QDQL VWURãNL LQGLYLGXDOQH FHUWLILNDFLMH JR]GQLK REUDWRYVWURãNL FHUWLILFLUDQMD SUHNR SRREODãþHQFHY SD VR GRJRYRUQL 6WURãNL FHUWLILNDFLMH JR]GQLK REUDWRY ]REYH]QRVWPL L]GHODYH JR]GQRJRVSRGDUVNLK QDþUWRY ]QDãDMR RG REUDWL KD
  296. 296. GR 6)5 REUDWL ! KD
  297. 297. ]D REUDWH EUH] REYH]QRVWL L]GHODYH JR]GQRJRVSRGDUVNLK QDþUWRY SD 6)5 LQ YHOMDMR ]D OHWQR REGREMH YHOMDYQRVWL FHUWLILNDWRY
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