Montenegro   Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development   Criteria and Indicators ofSustainable Forest Management      ...
Editor-in-chief: PhD. Milosav AndjelicProfessional and technical editor: MSc. Franc FerlinPictures: MSc. Franc Ferlin (24)...
TABLE OF CONTENTS1. ABBREVIATIONS............................................................................................
1. ABBREVIATIONSEPA – Environmental Protection Agency of MontenegroCDM - Clean Development Mechanism within the Kyoto Clim...
2. PREFACESustainable forest management is one of major contributions which forestry as a sectorcan give towards the accom...
The process of drafting the document concerning the criteria and indicators started inDecember 2010 with the preparation o...
Indicators in this document represent quantitative and qualitative parameterswhich show the progress i.e. changes in accom...
8
5. CONTENTS OF CRITERIA AND INDICATORS5.1. GENERAL STANDARDS AND MEASURING TOOLS FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENTCriterio...
previous planning period, at the level of FR/MU (for                                                       state and priva...
forests, forest land and barren land, regardless to       1.1.4.2. Area of forests according to the functions,        deve...
Sub-Criterion 1.2: Maintenance and enhancement of multi-purpose production potential offorests as per their timber volume,...
a)   Openness of forest area;                                                             b)   Purpose of forests;        ...
(for state and private forests)1.2.6. Providing appropriate extent and quality of     1.2.6.1. Extent of works executed on...
period, cluster and group-wise gradual felling with                                                       longer regenerat...
particularly encouraging development of noble and       presented for categories of forests, according to:           Analy...
measures                                                     years, at the level of MU (for state and private land)1.2.14....
Sub-Criterion 1.3: Strengthening contribution of forest resources to global carbon balanceand mitigation of climate change...
activities, connected to the above-stated purposes, per                                                       years, at lo...
1.3.4.5. Extent of woody mass usage for energypurposes as per the product sorts (pulpwood andother non-quality wood, fuel ...
Criterion 2: Maintenance of health and vitality of forest ecosystemSub-Criterion 2.1: Maintenance of health, biological st...
and air pollution);                                  Current reports on appearance of                                     ...
Sub-Criterion 2.2: Maintenance of health, biologic stability and resistance of forests byapplying measures of preventive p...
regard to fire protection, presented per years, at local                                                          level2.2...
Sub-Criterion 2.3: Preserving forest environment by minimizing negative forest impacts inaccordance with regulations, plan...
sprouts against the cattle and wildlife andpreventing fires, monitoring these activities andpreventing usage of not allowe...
Criterion 3: Maintenance and enhancement of forest production functions (wood and non-wood)Sub-Criterion 3.1: Enhancement ...
MU (state and private forests)3.1.3. Gradual introduction of new technical means     3.1.3.1. Extent of skidding or carryi...
Sub-Criterion 3.2: Enhancement of production functions of forests by increasing the possibleextent of utilization of wood ...
harvesting to realistic needs and possibilitieswithin the specific stands, within the permitteddeviation of ± 20% from the...
Sub-Criterion 3.3: Enhancement production functions of forests by increasing the realisedextent of utilization of wood pro...
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…
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This document has been drafted within the national working group (consisting of Alija Bralic, Zehra Demic, Blazo Jokanovic, Dragan Markovic, Kenan Pepic, Dragan Terzic, Joveta Terzic, and Zarko Vucinic) and harmonized by Milosav Anđelić, assistant minister, under my expert guidelines, facilitation and preparation of consolidated final text for publishing. The document has also been endorsed by the Minister (in 2012) as a regulation / rulebook, based on the Forest law. The monograph published in Montenegrin and English.

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Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Montenegro, SN…

  1. 1. Montenegro Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Criteria and Indicators ofSustainable Forest Management in Montenegro Podgorica, September 2011. 1
  2. 2. Editor-in-chief: PhD. Milosav AndjelicProfessional and technical editor: MSc. Franc FerlinPictures: MSc. Franc Ferlin (24), PhD. Milosav Andjelic (9), Internet sources (4)Translation: Samanta Toskovic, Dijana Premovic, Franc FerlinPublisher: Ministry of agriculture and rural development, 50 copiesCIP – Cataloguing in publicationCentral national library of Montenegro, CetinjeISBN 978-86-85799-12-9COBISS CG-ID-18774032 2
  3. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS1. ABBREVIATIONS.......................................................................................... 42. PREFACE........................................................................................................... 53. LEGAL BASIS AND DEFINITIONS......................................................... 64. CONCEPT OF DRAFTING CRITERIA AND INDICATORS........... 75. CONTENTS OF CRITERIA AND INDICATORS................................. 95.1 GENERAL STANDARDS AND MEASURING TOOLS FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT........................................................... 95.2 GENERAL CONDITIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT............................................................................................................ 566. IMPLEMENTATION OF CRITERIA AND INDICATORS............ 58 3
  4. 4. 1. ABBREVIATIONSEPA – Environmental Protection Agency of MontenegroCDM - Clean Development Mechanism within the Kyoto Climate ProtocolEI – Environmental InspectionEU – European UnionMU – Management unitICP monitoring – International Cooperative Programme monitoring (health condition offorests)IUCN – International Union for Conservation of NatureMARD – Ministry of agriculture and rural developmentMCPFE – Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in EuropeMONSTAT – Statistical Office of MontenegroMTSD – Ministry of Tourism and Sustainable DevelopmentNATURA 2000 – European network of special nature protection and conservation areasNWPFS – non-wood, productional forest servicesNWFP – non-wood forest productsNP – National parksFI – Forestry InspectionFR – Forest regionFA – Forest Administration of MontenegroPFOA – Private Forest Owners’ Association 4
  5. 5. 2. PREFACESustainable forest management is one of major contributions which forestry as a sectorcan give towards the accomplishment of the defined goals of sustainable development ofany state.This publication is intended to inform the professionals and the general public of theway in which we will, by using joint efforts, be able to monitor the development of ourforest ecosystems and share information, data, and experience in forest management incompliance with international guidelines for sustainable forest management developedby the United Nations Commission on Environment and Development (UNCED).The Conference of UNCED, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, set the basic principles forsustainable forest management in terms of contribution to sustainable development.“Forest Principles” and Chapter 11 of Agenda 21, adopted at the Conference, includedthe commitment to implement sustainable management and utilisation of forests incompliance with national development policies and priorities, as well as withenvironmentally defined national guidelines which take into consideration, as neededand if applicable, relevant internationally agreed methodologies and criteria (Principle 8d).We can conclude that this Conference, i.e. the documents adopted at the Conference,vitally influenced the launch of numerous international and national initiatives for thedevelopment of criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management. InternationalTropical Timber Organisation (ITTO) was among the first to develop the criteria andindicators for sustainable management of natural tropical forests. Subsequently, theCentre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), United Nations EnvironmentProgramme (UNEP), and World Conservation Union (IUCN) were significantly involvedin providing technical support to the development and implementation of criteria andindicators for sustainable forest management. We particularly emphasise theimportance of Ministerial Conferences on the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFEs),i.e. the resolutions adopted at such Conferences, which commit Montenegro bothmorally and politically, for the development of criteria and indicators of sustainableforest management in Europe in compliance with the mentioned UNCED principles. Inthis context, the most important document is the Lisbon Resolution L2 (1998), entitledas “Pan-European Criteria, Indicators, and Operational Level Guidelines for SustainableForest Management”, which presents also commitments and frameworks for thedevelopment of national criteria and indicators.It was for the first time in our legislation, in compliance with the Pan-Europeanguidelines, that the Law on Forests (Official Gazette of Montenegro 74/10) referred tothe implementation of criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management. TheArticle 6 of the Law defines that “Forests and forest land, as ecosystem, shall beadministered and managed in a sustainable and multi functional manner in accordancewith the criteria and indicators defined by the Ministry”. This results in the commitmentto develop and adopt the criteria and indicators as general standards of sustainableforest management in Montenegro. 5
  6. 6. The process of drafting the document concerning the criteria and indicators started inDecember 2010 with the preparation of the Terms of Reference by the internationalconsultant (Franc Ferlin). The ToR included the list of potential criteria and indicatorsfor Montenegro. The Working Group was established for this purpose and comprised thelocal experts (Alija Bralic, Zehra Demic, Blazo Jokanovic, Dragan Markovic, Kenan Pepic,Dragan Terzic, Joveta Terzic, and Zarko Vucinic). After being informed about relatedinternational experiences and under the agreed methodology, and with the expertsupport of the international consultant, they developed the technical bases for specificaspects of criteria and indicators, with the expert support of the internationalconsultant. After the development and harmonisation of the technical bases for specificaspects, the international consultant consolidated the content of the pre-draft of thedocument »Operational Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management inMontenegro« in March 2011. Subsequently, the pre-draft was considered andharmonised within the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), which,based on that, prepared the draft document for the public hearing, announced it on thewebsite of the National Forestry Programme of Montenegro (http://www.nsp-cg.com/?jezik=m&meniId=12&opsirN=106), and sent it for consideration to otherinstitutions dealing with these issues. A one-day public hearing was held at thebeginning of July in Zabljak to discuss the draft document. Based on the outcome of thepublic hearing and the opinion of the expert team, the final version of this document wasdeveloped within the MARD with the support of the international consultant, and thedocument was prepared for publication in this form.All activities aimed at development and publication of this document were technicallyand financially supported and coordinated by the Netherlands DevelopmentOrganisation SNV (via Mensura Nuhodzic). English translation has been assured by IPAproject “Forestry capacity building in Montenegro” (Samanta Toskovic and DijanaPremovic). By publishing this document, MARD fulfils its international and nationalcommitment.3. LEGAL BASIS AND DEFINITIONSCriteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in accordance with the Lawon Forests (Article 6 paragraph 5) for the needs of management, monitoring andevaluation of sustainability are adopted by the Ministry of Agriculture and RuralDevelopment (MARD). These criteria and indicators determine, inter alia, also the extentof sylvicultural works (compared to the volume of cutting) which forest owners andusers are obliged to perform (Article 50 paragraph 3).The Criteria in this document represent the general guidelines, norms and mannersof action, work and conduct (in forestry profession, of forest owners and users andthird persons as beneficiaries of forest functions) in the forest and toward the forest,and relate to all aspects of sustainability of forest administration and management.Therefore, these criteria represent general standards of sustainable forestadministration and management and can be further linked to specific (more detailed)technical standards for specific fields. 6
  7. 7. Indicators in this document represent quantitative and qualitative parameterswhich show the progress i.e. changes in accomplishment of specific criteria.Criteria, and especially indicators, serve also as overall measuring tools formonitoring and evaluation of forest condition as well as the quality andsustainability of forest management.Sources of verification are documents (analyses, insights, reports, minutes etc.) whichcontain evaluations of certain indicators in terms of related criteria. In addition to thesedocuments, the main verification source will be the Report on Sustainability of ForestAdministration and Management which will be developed in compliance with therelated annual monitoring programme adopted by MARD (Article 47 paragraph 1 of theLaw on Forests).4. CONCEPT OF DRAFTING CRITERIA AND INDICATORSThe contents of criteria and indicators (Chapter 5 of hereof) have been prepared intabular form and divided into two parts: (a) general standards and measuring toolsand (b) general conditions for sustainable forest management.The criteria related to general standards and measuring tools for sustainable forestmanagement (6 in total, based on the Pan-European criteria) are divided into sub-criteria (23 in total, in compliance with the adopted Pan-European criteria, operationalguidelines and national standards) and sub-criteria (90 in totals, in compliance withnational specialities). Indicators (255 in total) and sources of verification (over 90) havebeen drafted at the sub-sub-criteria level in that case. There is one criterion whichrelates to general (institutional and economic) conditions for sustainable forestmanagement and contains sub-criteria (6 in total) only. Indicators (11 in total) andsources of verification (7 in total) have been drafted at the sub-criteria level in that case.Essentially, the criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management in Montenegrorepresent the framework for the future Forest and Forestry Development Strategy.This Strategy should actually be developed before them, so that these criteria andindicators could serve as measuring tools for monitoring and evaluation ofimplementation of this Strategy. However, since the case here is opposite, thedevelopment of this Strategy - based on the criteria and indicators which include all thenecessary aspects of sustainability of forest administration and management - will bemuch facilitated. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 5. CONTENTS OF CRITERIA AND INDICATORS5.1. GENERAL STANDARDS AND MEASURING TOOLS FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENTCriterion 1: Maintenance and appropriate enhancement of forest resources and their contribution to globalcarbon cycleSub-Criterion 1.1: Maintenance and appropriate improvement of areas under forests andforest land and strengthening their productional, environmental and social functions -taking into account the ownership, tree species, openness and purpose of forests and forestland - by applying close-to-nature method of forest management in accordance with theregulations, plans and programs and special technical standards.Sub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Sources of verification1.1.1. Maintaining and where possible, increasing 1.1.1.1. Area of forest and forest land and their changes Spatial plan of Montenegrothe total area of forests and forest land on the compared to the previous planning period, at the level Regional plansaccount of barren land, especially by planned use of FR/MU, presented according to the:and directing natural processes of forest expansion, a) Ownership; National Forest Inventoryand also by artificial establishment of new forests in b) Forest cover types (forest, forest land, barren Forest Development Plan anda way adjusted to natural conditions and land /trees out of the forest); Forest Management Programsrequirements of environmental, social and other c) Purpose;forest functions. d) Forest origin; Aforestation Plan for not forested e) Openness. land in Montenegro for the period from 2005 – 2014 1.1.1.2. Extent and changes of forest and forest land area (without barren land) compared to the (a) total Aforestation Projects reports on terrestrial area and (b) previous planning period at the Implementation of Planning level of FR/MU (for state and private ownership) Documents 1.1.1.3. Extent and changes of forest area compared to (a) total area of forests and forest land and (b) 9
  10. 10. previous planning period, at the level of FR/MU (for state and private forests) 1.1.1.4. Area of new forests originating from natural successions, in the level of FR/MU 1.1.1.5. Number and area of new forest cultures compared to (a) all of the areas suitable for aforestation and (b) the previous planning period, at the level of FR/MU1.1.2. Increasing the area of high forests by 1.1.2.1. Changes of area under high forests with National Forest Inventoryconversion of low, coppice forests and brushwood respect to (a) the total area of forests, (b) total area of Forest Development Plan andinto the higher sylvicultural form in the way forests and forest land (without barren land) and (c) Forest Management Programsadjusted to natural conditions, in areas where it previous planning period, at the level of FR/MU (forwould be possible, in order to increase their state and private forests) Aforestation Projectscommercial, environmental or social value. Reports on Implementation of 1.1.2.2. Number and area of new forest cultures and new stands of seed origin, established in coppice / low Planning Documents forests and (other) forest land, with respect to (a) entire area of those forests / land and (b) previous planning period, at the level of FR/MU (for state and private forests)1.1.3. Increasing the openness of forests and forest 1.1.3.1. Extent and changes of area under forests and National Forest Inventoryland for sustainable utilization, wherever possible, forest land with respect to the previous planning Forest Development Plan andby building forest roads and skidding trails in period, at the level of FR/MU (for state and private Forest Management Programsenvironmentally acceptable manner, aiming at forests), presented according to the followingincreasing commercial and social value of those openness categories: (a) not open (0 – 5 m/ha), (b) Projects of Building Forest Roadsareas poorly open (5.1 - 10.0 m/ha), (c) moderately open Reviews of Implementation of (10.1- 15.0 m/ha), (d) well open (15.1 – 20.0 m/ha) Planning Documents and Projects and (e) very well open (above 20.0 m/ha)1.1.4. Advancing the multi-functional approach in 1.1.4.1. Extent of the maps prepared at the level of Methodologies of Planning inforestry by implementing integral planning of forest FR/MU with respect to the functions and forest Forestry, including thedevelopment and management, including all of the purpose, presented per years methodology of forest- 10
  11. 11. forests, forest land and barren land, regardless to 1.1.4.2. Area of forests according to the functions, development typestheir ownership, based on contemporary content presented for prominent functions, at the level of Maps of forest functionsand information grounds and forests types FR/MUharmonized with European guidelines, by Maps of forest purposes 1.1.4.3. Area of forests according to the purpose andintroducing monitoring and by intensive Program of Elaboration of Planning their changes with respect to previous planningimplementation of mapping and rational valuation Documents period, (for state and private forests), at the level ofof functions, as well as proclamation of forests FR/MU Program of setting up andaccording to their purpose 1.1.4.4. Coverage of forests and forest land by planning upgrading electronic data bases documentation: (forest information system) a) forest development plan; Programs of work of FA and NP b) forest management programs; c) electronic data bases; Reports on Implementation of d) digital maps (according to the topics) and Programs changes in that coverage with respect to the previous planning period, at the level of FR/MU 1.1.4.5. Area of forests presented according to the forest development types, at the level of FR/MU1.1.5. Restricting the changes of purpose of forests 1.1.5.1. Extent of forest purpose change, presented per Reports of FA and FIand forest land into the other uses (under the years, at the level of MUconditions where environmental, production or 1.1.5.2. Extent of completed parcel delineation,social functions of forests are especially presented per years, at the level of MUprominent), delineating of forest parcels withrespect to ownership and implementing or 1.1.5.3. Extent of alienation / replacement of staterestricting any other activities related to forest land forests, presented per years, at the level of MUutilization. 1.1.5.4. Extent of other stated activities, presented per years, at the level of MU1.1.6. Increasing the quantity and quality of 1.1.6.1. Degree of implementation of planned Reports on implementation of tenimplementation of planned activities, measures and activities/measures (in physical and financial sense), years and annual forestworks in enhancement of spatial aspects of forests with respect to planned extent, presented per years, at management plansand forest land and their functions the level of FR/MU (for state and private forests) 11
  12. 12. Sub-Criterion 1.2: Maintenance and enhancement of multi-purpose production potential offorests as per their timber volume, structure and value - taking into account their ownership,functions, purpose, openness, type and sylvicultural form - by applying the close-to-naturemethod of forest management in accordance with the regulations, plans, programs andspecial technical standardsSub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Source of verification1.2.1. Increasing the standing timber volume and 1.2.1.1. Timber volume and volume increment withvolume increment up to the optimal status, respect to (a) optimal status and (b) previous planningespecially in open (commercial) forests period, at the level of MU, presented according to the: a) Vegetation cover types (forest, forest land, barren land / trees outside forests); b) Openness of forest area; c) Purpose of forest and forest land; d) Forest origin; e) Main forest development types and sylvicultural stand forms; f) Main tree species. National Forest Inventory1.2.2. Improving the structure of all the forests, 1.2.2.1 Structure of timber volume according to Forest Stand Inventoriesespecially in uneven-aged and single tree and group diameter classes with respect to the previous planningselection stands, aiming at creating optimal period, at the level of MU (for state and private Forest Management Programsdiameter and volume structure on small areas forests), presented according to: a) Openness of forest area; b) Purpose of forest and forest land; c) Origin of forests; d) Main forest development types; e) Groups of tree species. 1.2.2.2. Structure of number of trees according to diameter classes in uneven-aged and selection stands with respect to (a) normal condition and (b) previous planning period, at the level of MU (for state and private forests), presented according to : 12
  13. 13. a) Openness of forest area; b) Purpose of forests; c) Main forest development types; d) Groups of tree species.1.2.3. Increasing the extent and quality of high 1.2.3.1. Extent of the respective sylvicultural forms of National Forest Inventoryuneven-aged (on the account of even-aged), single stands in accessible commercial forests with respect to Forest Stand Inventories(on the account of uneven-aged) and group- (a) all of the high commercial forests and (b) previousselection stands (on the account of uneven-aged and planning period, at the level of MU (for state and Forest Management Programstree selection), by applying advanced management private forests) Book of marking of trees for fellingmethods, such as step-wise regeneration under 1.2.3.2. Extent of application of advanced forest Minutes of the Commission aboutshelter, single tree and group selection, and/or management methods in practice (within marking of reviewing the marking of treestheir combinations trees for felling), with respect to previous planning period, at the level of MU (for state and private forests) Minutes on technical acceptance of harvesting sites1.2.4. Increasing the extent and quality of 1.2.4.1. Percentage of transitional sylvicultural formstransitional sylvicultural forms of stands that are of stands (per area) from low into a higher form, ofconverted from lower into the higher sylvicultural those on smaller areas, with respect to (a) all of theform by indirect conversion of coppice forests, coppice commercial forests and (b) previous planning National Forest Inventoryespecially in smaller areas period, at the level of MU (for state and private forests) Forest Stand Inventories 1.2.4.2. Extent and percentage of executed indirect Forest Management Programs conversion of forests with respect to total extent of conversion, presented as per years, at the level of MU Operational Projects (for state and private forests) Forest Conversion Projects1.2.5. Increasing the extent and quality of 1.2.5.1. Percentage of transitional sylvicultural forms Book of marking of trees for fellingtransitional sylvicultural forms of high forests, that of stands (per area) from even-aged into the uneven- Minutes of Commissions aboutare converted from even-aged into the uneven-aged aged form with respect to (a) high commercial forests reviewing the markingones by applying structural thinnings of low and (b) previous planning period, at the level of MUintensity, aiming at accumulation of increment and (for state and private forests) Minutes of accepting the harvestingencouragement of structuring of stands (vertical sites 1.2.5.2. Extent of executed structural thinning in even-and horizontal) aged stands, presented per years, at the level of MU 13
  14. 14. (for state and private forests)1.2.6. Providing appropriate extent and quality of 1.2.6.1. Extent of works executed on aforestation, Forest Development Programsaforestation and complementing of forest cultures complementing and tending of the young cultures, Aforestation Projectson barren land by selecting tree species adjusted to presented per years, at the level of MU (for state andsite conditions, qualitative reproductive material private forests) Aforestation Plan for not forestedand carrying out qualitative planting, and by land in Montenegro for the period 1.2.6.2. Extent of new cultures at the level of MU (forproviding appropriate extent of tending and of 2005 - 2014 state and private forests), with respect to previousprotection of young cultures, for purposes of Reviews of implementation of planning period, presented per:establishing qualitative, mixed and stable adult planning documents and projects a) Tree species used for aforestation;stands b) Mixture of cultures (pure, with 2 -3, with 4 -5 species ...) and method of mixing (individually, in groups); c) Method (planting, sowing) and aforestation technique; d) Quality or success of aforestation.1.2.7. Providing appropriate extent and quality of 1.2.7.1. Extent of executed works on preparation of Forest Stand Inventoriesnatural regeneration and its complementing in mature stands for natural regeneration and its Forest Management Programsmature stands of high and coppice origin, already complementing, especially for high and coppicedefined for regeneration, by applying adjusted forests, presented per years, at the level of MU (for Operational projectsmethods and techniques of regeneration, especially state and private forests) Minutes on technical acceptance ofin smaller areas, aiming at establishing as works 1.2.7.2. Extent of regeneration nucleus in stands,qualitative and stable as they can be, the new, especially for high and coppice forests, with respect touneven-aged stands the entire area planned for regeneration, at the level of MU (for state and private forests) 1.2.7.3. Extent of mature stands defined for regeneration (high and coppice forests), with respect to previous planning period, at the level of MU (for state and private forests) 1.2.7.4. Extent of application of individual methods of natural regeneration (clear felling, large and small- scale regeneration felling with shorter regeneration 14
  15. 15. period, cluster and group-wise gradual felling with longer regeneration period), especially for high and coppice forests, presented per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests)1.2.8. Improving quality and stability of younger 1.2.8.1. Percentage of qualitatively established young Forest Stand Inventoriesdevelopment stages of stands (sapling, thicket and development stages of stands, with respect to their Forest Management Programsyoung pole stage) of high and coppice origin, by entire area, especially for high and coppice forests, atapplying appropriate measures and techniques of the level of MU (for state and private forests) Operational Projectsforest tending (negative and positive selection) Minutes on Technical Acceptance of 1.2.8.2. Extent of executed individual tending measures, especially for high and coppice forests, Works presented per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests)1.2.9. Improving quality and stability of middle- 1.2.9.1. Share of quality and stable middle-aged highaged stands of high origin having appropriate stands in open commercial forests, with respect to the National Forest Inventorysylvicultural potential, by applying measures of entire area of that development stage, at the level ofhigh selective thinning, that is, the principle of MU (for state and private forests) Forest Stand Inventoriespositive selection, in order to achieve more optimal Forest Management Programs 1.2.9.2. Extent of executed thinnings in those stands,commercial and environmental effect presented per years, at the level of MU (for state and Operational Projects private forests) Book of marking of trees for felling1.2.10. Improving quality of middle-aged stands of 1.2.10.1. Share of quality middle-aged coppice stands Minutes of Commissions aboutcoppice origin by converting those forests into high in open commercial forests with respect to the entire reviewing the markingones through application of selective thinning area of these stands, at the level of MU (for state andmeasures, combining principles of positive and private forests) Minutes on technical acceptancenegative selection the harvesting sites 1.2.10.2. Extent of executed thinning in those stands, presented per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests)1.2.11. Improving mixture of uniform forests of all 1.2.11.1. Areal share of individual types of stands National Forest Inventoryages, sylvicultural forms and development stages, mixture (pure, with 2 - 3, with 4 - 5, with 6 -10 Forest Development Plan andthrough sylvicultural measures and techniques species), with respect to previous planning period, Forest Management Programs 15
  16. 16. particularly encouraging development of noble and presented for categories of forests, according to: Analysis of implementation ofother rare tree species, aiming at obtaining optimal, a) Purpose; planning documentssite adjusted mixture b) Origin; c) Main forest development types; d) Development stages of stands. 1.2.11.2. Volume share of individual tree species (all possible ones that we have the inventory for), with respect to previous planning period, presented for categories of forests, according to: a) Purpose; b) Origin; c) Main forest development types; d) Development stages of stands.1.2.12. Decreasing the extent of devastated / 1.2.12.1. Extent and changes of total area of devastated National Forest Inventorydegraded forests of high and coppice origin due to / degraded forests according to (a) origin of forests Forest Stand Inventoriestheir not planned utilization, especially by applying and (b) type of degradation, with respect to previousnatural way of forest reconstruction planning period, at the level of MU (for state and Forest Development Plan and private forests) Forest Management Programs 1.2.12.2. Number and extent of implemented Reconstruction projects of reconstruction projects for these forests with respect devastated / degraded forests to all the devastated / degraded areas, presented per Minutes on technical acceptance of years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests) works 1.2.12.3. Extent of forest reconstruction measures Analysis of implementation of implemented, presented per (a) origin of forests and planning documents (b) reconstruction types (natural, artificial) and (c) per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests)1.2.13. Conserving and enhancing the potential of 1.2.13.1. Extent and changes (per area and/ or volume) Inventories of trees outside of theindividual trees and groups of trees outside of the in conditions of trees outside of the forest, with respect forestforest for purposes of meeting their environmental to previous planning period, at the level of MU (for Annual reports of FA on harvestingand social functions, especially by directing natural state and private land) (for MONSTAT needs)processes and, if needed, additional sylvicultural 1.2.13.2. Extent of those sylvicultural measures per 16
  17. 17. measures years, at the level of MU (for state and private land)1.2.14. Increasing the level of realisation of planned 1.2.14.1. Percentage of implementation of planned Reports on implementation of 10-activities, measures and works on enhancing the works on improving the production potential of forests years plans and annual forestproduction potential of forests, including (in physical and financial sense), presented per years, management programs,obligations of forest owners and users for at the level of MU (for state and private forests) operational projects andexecution of sylvicultural works (reference to 1.1.2., administrative decisions on 1.2.14.2. Percentage of implementation of sylvicultural1.2.4., 1.2.6., 1.2.7., 1.2.8., 1.2.9. and 1.2.10.) to the harvesting works (in physical sense) which is defined inextent which is proportionate to the extent of accordance with the extent of harvesting, presentedharvesting, depending on forest types, species and per years, at the level of MU (for state and privatedevelopment stages of stands, in accordance with forests)special criteria**Special Criteria for Proportionality of sylvicultural works with respect to extent of harvesting, depending on forest types, species and developmentstages of stands, in accordance with the Forest law, are as follows:a) Executing planting and, if needed, complementing of plantations and their tending, within the extent of minimum 75% (not regenerated) area, incurred after planned clear forest felling (due to regeneration, reconstruction or conversion);b) Executing tending of natural sapling or thicket stage, „released“ after the final forest felling (because of regeneration, reconstruction or conversion), within the extent of minimum 75% of that (regenerated) area;c) Executing tending of natural sapling and thicket stage, including forest culture of that age, within the framework of even-aged and large-scale uneven-aged stands, separated from mature stands where regeneration felling is done, within the extent of minimum 75% of area of these felling;d) Executing tending of natural sapling and thicket stages, including forest culture of that age, that are mixed with grown up and mature stages within the group uneven-aged and group selection stands where felling is done, within the extent of minimum 75% of area of these young development stages, that is, regeneration nucleuses;e) Executing non-commercial sylvicultural felling in high forests, within the extent of minimum 25% of area of commercial felling in those forests; if there are no areas of stands for implementing non commercial sylvicultural felling in high forests, or not enough of them, executing of the sylvicultural felling and/or their remaining extent (up to those 25%) in coppice forests;f) Executing non-commercial sylvicultural felling in coppice forests, if only those forests are subject of management, within the extent of minimum 25% of wood volume of commercial felling of coppice forests, as well asg) Executing aforestation of barren land suitable for that purpose, if subject of management is that land, in the extent of minimum 3% of commercial felling area. 17
  18. 18. Sub-Criterion 1.3: Strengthening contribution of forest resources to global carbon balanceand mitigation of climate changes by enhancing the production potential of forests andproduction of woody mass / biomass for energy purposesSub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Source of verification1.3.1. Increasing the quantity of stored forest 1.3.1.1. Total quantity of stored carbon and changes National Forest Inventorycarbon and absorption capacity of forests in forest with respect to previous planning period, at the level Forest Stand Inventoriesregions and stands, through increasing the areal of FR/MU, presented per:extent and improving quality of forest cover a) Forest cover types (forests, forest land, barren Forest Development Plan and(reference to 1.1.1. – 1.1.2.), and especially through land / trees outside forests); Forest Management Programsincrease of standing timber volume and improving b) Origin of forests, Estimates of forest carbonhorizontal and vertical forest structure (reference c) Main forest development types; quantities based on CDMto 1.2.1. – 1.2.5.) d) Groups of tree species. methodology Reports on meeting the commitments according to Kyoto protocol1.3.2. Establishing the planning and information 1.3.2.1. Estimation of availability of potential and offer Special Studiesconditions for intensifying production of wood of of forest biomass products, at local level Operational Projectspoorer quality and woody biomass in forests 1.3.2.2. Set up database for forest biomass, at local(reference to 3.3.2. and 3.3.3.), on the account of Commission reports on technical level of FAincreased extent of sylvicultural felling in high and acceptance of felling sitescoppice forests, reconstruction of degraded forests 1.3.2.3. Extent of production and marketing of pulp Annual reports of FA and NPand sanitary felling (reference to 1.1.2., 1.2.9., and fuel wood and woody biomass in forests,1.2.10. and 1.2.12.), and reduction of wood residues presented per years, at the level of FR/MU (state and Annual Statistical Reportsin forests (reference to 3.3.2.), with intensification private forests) (MONSTAT)of appurtenant extension activities for forest 1.3.2.4. Quantity of wood residue in forests afterowners and contractors and priority allocation of felling, for conifers and broadleaves, per years, at thebudgetary funds / incentives for these measures level of MU (state and private forests) 1.3.2.5. Sorts and extent of implemented extension 18
  19. 19. activities, connected to the above-stated purposes, per years, at local level of FA 1.3.2.6. Number of forest owners and contractors who are educated in sustainable utilization of biomass, per years, at local level of FA 1.3.2.7. Extent and share of budgetary, that is, incentive funds with respect to all of the incentive funds intended for forests, allocated for given purposes, per years, at local level of FA1.3.3. Promoting the development of processing of 1.3.3.1. Extent of production of pulpwood and other Annual Statistical Reportspulp and other (poorer, smaller) wood and woody poorer wood and woody biomass, charcoal, chips, (MONSTAT)biomass from forests, and from the wood residues briquettes and pellets, per years, at local levelfrom roundwood processing, into new biomassproducts with added value (charcoal, chips,briquettes and pellets), at local level1.3.4. Intensifying the cooperation with all the 1.3.4.1. Extent of activities (of FA local units) with Annual reports of FA and otherstakeholders within the chain of production and use interested buyers of pulpwood and woody biomass institutions that are related to useof woody mass / biomass, aiming at promoting and (potential) users of products obtained from woody of biomassusage of all the forms of woody mass / biomass for biomass in the country and abroad Programs and projects of use ofenergy purposes, striving for establishing market of 1.3.4.2. Number of interested entrepreneurs for biomass for energy purposesproducts made of biomass, and actual increase in building of capacities for processing of pulpwood andextent of woody mass / biomass use for those Programs of energy efficiency woody biomass, as well as number of interestedpurposes Surveys of processors and users (of biomass products users, presented according to a potential extent of biomass, at local level of FA products from) biomass 1.3.4.3. Number of institutions, programs and projects Register of activities of institutions within the chain of processing, marketing and using of and enterprises woody mass / biomass for energy purposes, at local Annual statistical reports level (MONSTAT) 1.3.4.4. Extent of trade in woody biomass products at local level 19
  20. 20. 1.3.4.5. Extent of woody mass usage for energypurposes as per the product sorts (pulpwood andother non-quality wood, fuel wood, wood residuesfrom forest, wood residues from processing, charcoal,chips, briquettes, pellets), as per the years, at locallevel1.3.4.6. Share of energy generated from wood in totalenergy consumption, as per years, at local level 20
  21. 21. Criterion 2: Maintenance of health and vitality of forest ecosystemSub-Criterion 2.1: Maintenance of health, biological stability, vitality and resistance offorests by application of close-to-nature method of forest management, which integratesboth sylvicultural measures and measures of preventive forest protectionSub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Source of verification2.1.1. Appreciating the principle of close-to-nature 2.1.1.1. Share of forests in which, within the forest Stand inventoriesforest management (such as maintenance of management practice, natural mechanisms and Tree marking books, includingnatural structure; use of natural regeneration and processes are respected, at the level of MU (for state sanitary fellingsuccessions, selection of tree species adjusted to and private forests)forest site; encouraging natural mixture of stands Commissions’ minutes about 2.1.1.2. Extent of sanitary felling within the regularlyand forest cultures; using mechanisms of natural reviewing the marking of trees planned felling, presented per years, at the level ofselection and sylvicultural - protection role of old Commissions‘ minutes about MU (for state and private forests)trees’ shelter; appreciation of tree vitality, technical acceptance of works /especially in the context of climate changes and air felling sitespollution) in planning and forest managementpractice, including implementation of certain Annual programs and reports of FA,preventive protection measures, integrated into NP and FIthe system of regular forest management Expert evaluation of respecting the principles of close-to-nature management2.1.2. Monitoring the health condition and damage 2.1.2.1. Implementation status of monitoring program Annual monitoring program and itsof forests, especially due to the impact of plant at the level of FR/MU (for state and private forests) implementationdiseases and pests, climate changes, air pollution, 2.1.2.2. Status and changes of forests, with respect to Annual reports of FA, FI and NPforestry activities and pastures, including setting the previous planning period, at the level of FR/MUup of decentralized databases, at local level, in Special inventories and reports on (for state and private forests) from aspect of:accordance with regulations. forest status (ICP etc.) a) Defoliation of crowns (due to climate changes 21
  22. 22. and air pollution); Current reports on appearance of b) Mechanical damages of trees (due to the harmful effects impact of forestry activities); c) Damages of natural regeneration and trees (due to the impact of cattle and wildlife).2.1.3. Establishing the proper forest order and 2.1.3.1. Number and area of felling sites (sub- Annual programs and reports of FA,control of felling sites and forests, in accordance compartments/parcels) where forest order has been FI and NPwith the contemporary understanding of forest properly introduced, presented per years, at the level Minutes on technical acceptance oforder and environmental role of wood residues, of MU (for state and private forests) executed works after fellingthat is, dead dendro-mass in the forest (reference 2.1.3.2. Number and area of felling sites (sub-to 4.1.4.) compartments/parcels) with wood assortments with bark after the completed felling, presented per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests) 2.1.3.3. Number and area of felling site (sub- compartment/parcels) with planned wood residue left behind (knotty or decayed trees), presented per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests)2.1.4. Increasing the extent and quality of 2.1.4.1. Percentage of implementation of certain Reports on implementation of 10-implementation of all the planned and necessary activities / measures and in total (presented in years and annual forestactivities, measures and works in all aspects of physical and financial indicators), with respect to the management programs (protection,protection, conservation and restoration of forest planned/ necessary extent, presented per years, at the conservation and restoration plans) level of FR/MU (for state and private forests) 22
  23. 23. Sub-Criterion 2.2: Maintenance of health, biologic stability and resistance of forests byapplying measures of preventive protection, suppression of diseases and pests andrestoration of damaged forests in accordance with regulations, plans and special technicalstandardsSub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Source of verification2.2.1. Carrying out the preventive activities and 2.2.1.1. Extent of established potential focal points of Annual reports of FA, FI and NPmeasures of forest protection against diseases and appearance of diseases and forest pests as per Current reports on phenomena ofpests, monitoring, as well as application of individual species, presented per years, at the level of harmful effectsmeasures of immediate protection against MU (for state and private forests)appearance of diseases and pests, including their Annual monitoring program and its 2.2.1.2. Extent of executed preventive (e.g. positioningsuppression implementation trap trees and/or pheromones for bark beetles) and direct measures on controlling diseases and pests (per sorts of measures), presented per years, at the level of MU2.2.2. Carrying out the preventive activities and 2.2.2.1. Number in early phase of discovered and Map of forest fire threatsmeasures of forest protection against fires controlled forest fires (by FA), presented per years, at Plan of forest protection against(development of maps of level of fire threat per the level of FR/MU fireindividual sites and enacting of fire protection 2.2.2.2. Number and extent of forest fires presented perplan for forests, development and maintenance of Annual Forest Management years, at the level of FR/MUagainst-fire lines and strip cuts, organizing service Programsof observation and notification during the fire 2.2.2.3. Extent of executed preventive activities (by FA) Program of work of the FA and NPseason, education and improving cooperation with and measures of fire protection (per sorts of measures),forest owners, local population and competent presented per years, at the level of FR/MU Annual monitoring programinstitutions, prohibition for starting an open fire 2.2.2.4. Number of interested parties, media and Reports of FA, NP, FI and fireetc..) and providing support in preventing persons who during the fire season have taken part in brigade unitsspreading and suppression the fires that started (a) fire protection campaigns and (b) preventing of fire spreading, presented per years, at local level 2.2.2.5. Sorts and extent of activities performed in educating forest owners and other population with 23
  24. 24. regard to fire protection, presented per years, at local level2.2.3. Carrying out the preventive activities on 2.2.3.1. Extent (per area and volume) of illegal logging National Forest Inventoryillegal logging and other illegal activities in forests in forests quoted per sorts of felling (clear felling, large- Inventories of illegal logging(including establishment and maintenance of scale felling, other illegal felling) with respect to“green” phone and cooperation with competent planned felling, presented per years, at the level of MU National Plan of combating againstinstitutions), executing continuous forest (for state and private forests) illegal activities in forestrymonitoring, preventing, tracking and valuation of Map of the forest threat from illegal 2.2.3.2. Number and extent of usurpation of forests andillegal activities, in accordance with special action logging forest land, presented per years, at the level of MU.plan 2.2.3.3. Number of interested parties and persons who Program of work of FA, NP and FI took part in reporting of illegal logging, presented per Reports of FA, NP and FI years, at local level of FA2.2.4. Carrying out sanitary felling in damaged 2.2.4.1. Extent and intensity of sanitary felling (per Annual Forest Managementstands (due to unfavourable impact of climate causes) that are not integrated in regular felling, Programschanges, air pollution, diseases and pests, natural presented with respect to (a) stand timber volume and Annual Reports of FA and NPdisasters etc.) in the intensity adjusted to negative (b) extent of regular felling, per years, at the level of MUlevel of impact and physiological resistance of (for state and private forests) Annual reports on forest diebacktrees; in case of damages on trees due to negative Book of marking of trees for 2.2.4.2. Share of trees marked for sanitary felling due toimpact of climate changes and air pollution, as a sanitary felling the impact of climate changes and air pollution,rule only by removing trees with the most serious presented separately for (a) dead and (b) damageddegree of damage. trees, per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests)2.2.5. Implementation of restoration plan for 2.2.5.1. Extent of plan and executed measures of forest Plan of forest restoration and itsdamaged stands by removing damaged trees and restoration, presented per types of damages and types implementationpreparing stand and soil, by selecting tree species of measures, with respect to total extent of damaged Program of work of FA and NPthat are adjusted to site conditions and by using forests, per years, at the level of MU (for state andadjusted restoration methods, respecting the private forests) FI reportremaining, undamaged parts of stands 24
  25. 25. Sub-Criterion 2.3: Preserving forest environment by minimizing negative forest impacts inaccordance with regulations, plans and special technical standardsSub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Source of verification2.3.1. Minimizing negative impact of forest activities 2.1.3.1. Extent and share of stands (sub-compartment Operational Projectson forest ecosystem (regeneration, soil, stand, / parcels) with strong impact of forest activities, Projects of forest infrastructurehabitat, other plant and animal species) by using presented per sorts of activities and years at the level developmentenvironmentally acceptable technologies, technical of MU (for state and private forests)assets and adjusted method of executing works in Minutes on technical acceptance offorest utilization and building of forest 2.1.3.2. Extent of building of forest infrastructure forest works and building of forestinfrastructure , in space and time, in order to facilities which had a strong impact on forest infrastructurerespect the requirements and needs of other, ecosystem, presented per years, at the level of MU (for Reports of FA, FI and EIespecially endangered plant and animal species, by state and private forests)implementation of extension activities andmonitoring, as well as by preventing those forestactivities endangering forest ecosystem2.3.2. Minimizing negative impact of pasturing and 2.3.2.1. Extent of executed preventive measures on Forest Development Plan andwildlife on forest ecosystem (progeny, stand and protecting the forest regeneration and trees, presented forest management programsother plant species) (reference to 3.4.2.), by per years, at the level of FR/MU (for state and private Annual programs of forestapplication of appropriate preventive protection forests) managementmeasures (for progeny and trees), by monitoring 2.3.2.2. Extent and share of forest areas with strongdegree of damage at progeny and trees by Reports of FA, National parks, FI impact of (a) pasturing and (b)wildlife, with respect tomonitoring and preventing execution of pasture if and EI previous planning period, at the level of FR/MU (forthreatening the forest ecosystem state and private forests)2.3.3. Ensuring the use of environmentally 2.3.3.1. Type, purpose and extent of chemical agents Forest Management Programsacceptable (permitted by international used in forests, presented per years, at the level of Plan of diseases and pests controlconventions) chemical agents in forests for FR/MUsuppression diseases and pests, protection of Reports of FA, FI and EI 25
  26. 26. sprouts against the cattle and wildlife andpreventing fires, monitoring these activities andpreventing usage of not allowed agents2.3.4. Inventorying the illegal waste disposal’ sites 2.3.4.1. Number and extent of illegal waste disposal Cartographic records of establishedin forests, monitoring and guiding removal of sites in forests (distinguished in large and small waste disposal sites in the forestillegally disposed waste (as a commitment of forest waste), at the level of FR/MU Program of work of FA and NPowner and user), establishing a places for proper 2.3.4.2. Extent of removed waste from the forests,disposal of forest waste (for visitors needs) and Reports of FA, NP, FI and EI presented per years, at the level of FR/MU (for stateprevention of further illegal waste disposal in and private forests)forests 2.3.4.3. Number of ensured proper waste disposal sites in the forests intended for visitors’ needs, at the level of FR/MU (for state and private forests) 2.3.4.4. Number of identified attempts of illegal waste disposal in forests, presented per years, at the level of MU 26
  27. 27. Criterion 3: Maintenance and enhancement of forest production functions (wood and non-wood)Sub-Criterion 3.1: Enhancement of forest production functions by improving openness offorests in accordance with natural, technological and commercial possibilities, regulations,programs and special technical standardsSub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Source of verification3.1.1 Increasing openness of forests by building 3.1.1.1. Openness of forests by forest roads (m/ha),forest roads for the needs of forest management with respect to previous planning period, at the leveland specific public purposes, in as optimal extent of MU (state and private forests)and quality as possible (smaller inclinations, larger Forest Development Plans and 3.1.1.2. Length and changes of average road transportradiuses of curves, hardened foundation and proper Forest Management Programs distance and average costs of wood transport (per m3),construction of a road body, including drainage and Projects of Building forest roads with respect to previous planning period, at the levelstabilization of slopes), by application of and skidding trails of MU (state and private forests)technologies and technical means for building,minimizing impact on forest ecosystem in order to 3.1.1.3. Extent of newly built forest infrastructure, Operational Projectsensure as rational access and transport of forest presented per origin of forests and years, at the level of Commissions Reports onproducts as possible MU (state and private forests) Supervision / acceptance of building and maintenance of roads3.1.2. Increasing openness of forests by building 3.1.2.1. Openness of forests by existing skidding trails and skidding trailsforest skidding trails for forest management needs, (m/ha), with respect to previous planning period, atin as optimal extent and quality as possible, by the level of MU (state and private forests) Annual Reports of FA and NPusing technologies and technical means for Reviews of implementation of 3.1.2.2. Length and changes of average distance forbuilding, minimizing impact on forest ecosystem, in planning documents and projects skidding wood assortments and average skidding costsorder to ensure as rational transport of wood (per m3), with respect to previous planning period, at Annual Reports of FA and NPassortments to the forest road as possible the level of MU (state and private forests) 3.1.2.2. Extent of development of forest skidding trails presented per origin of forests and years, at the level of 27
  28. 28. MU (state and private forests)3.1.3. Gradual introduction of new technical means 3.1.3.1. Extent of skidding or carrying out wood Special surveys / reviewsfor transporting wood assortments, in accordance assortments by (a) older and (b) newer technical FA Annual Reports on forestwith environmental requirements and advanced equipment, at the level of MU (state and private managementpossibilities for contemporary built forest roads forests)and skidding trails 3.1.3.2. Extent of transporting the wood assortments by (a) older and (b) newer technical equipment, at the level of MU3.1.4. Increasing the extent and quality of 3.1.4.1. Extent of maintenance and reconstruction of Annual programs of maintenancemaintenance and reconstruction of forest (a) forest roads, within it the roads in public interest, of forest roads owned by stateinfrastructure for the forest management needs and and (b) skidding trails, presented per years, at the FA Annual Reports on building ofcertain public purposes, especially of forest roads, level of MU (state and private forests) forest roadsin the manner that such roads are permanently 3.1.4.2. Length of forest roads that are permanentlyoperational operational, at the level of MU (state and private)3.1.5. Promoting establishing the joint Fund for 3.1.5.1. Setting up the fund and extent of funds Special Reportsbuilding and maintenance of forest roads , by state collected for that purpose at local levelforests users, private forest owners and localcommunities 28
  29. 29. Sub-Criterion 3.2: Enhancement of production functions of forests by increasing the possibleextent of utilization of wood products, along with improvement of methodology of forestmanagement planning and marking of trees for felling, in accordance with productionpotential and sylvicultural and market needs, regulations, programs and special technicalstandardsSub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Source of verification3.2.1 Increasing the allowable cut and 3.2.1.1. Level of yield (allowable cut) with respect to Forest Management Programsdiversifying of its structure on the account of production potential (site class) of forests and the (Annual and 10-years)forests that are anticipated to be opened as well previous planning period, at the level of MU (for state andas more intensive sylvicultural felling in middle- private forests), presented per:aged stands of high and coppice forests a) Forest cover types (forest, forest land, barren land / trees outside forests); b) Openness of forest area; c) Purpose of forest and forest land; d) Forest origin; e) Main forest development types; f) Main tree species. 3.2.1.2. Structure of yield (allowable cut) per sorts of yield, with respect to previous planning period, at the level of MU (for state and private forests), presented per: a) Openness of forest area; b) Purpose of forests and forest land; c) Origin of forests; d) Main forest development types; e) Main tree species.3.2.2. Introducing flexibility with regard to the 3.2.2.1. Share of felling sites (per area and wood volume), Operational Projectspossible extent of marking of trees for felling, where the permitted deviations regarding the extent of Book of marking of trees for fellingand/or realisation of felling at the level of sub- felling were used, as well as extent of those (±) deviations,compartment or parcel, in framework of the at the level of MU (for state and private forests) Commissions’ Reports ongenerally planned extent (by forest management reviewing the marking of treesprogram) aiming at adjusting the level of 29
  30. 30. harvesting to realistic needs and possibilitieswithin the specific stands, within the permitteddeviation of ± 20% from the planned extent3.2.3. Application of improved forest 3.2.3.1. Quantity of (gross) marked standing volume per Forest Management Programsmanagement systems (reference to 1.2.3. – years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests), Operational Projects1.2.10.) through marking the trees for felling on presented according to:contemporary principles of forest tending, which a) Forest cover types (forest, forest land, barren land Book of marking of trees for fellingis given a special emphasis through education of / trees outside forests); Commissions’ Reports onforestry staff and which – along with improving b) Openness of forest area; reviewing the marking of treesthe quality of stands – enables production of c) Purpose of forest and forest land;more qualitative assortments d) Forest origin; Annual Reports of FA and NP e) Main forest development types; Analysis of implementation of f) Main tree species. planning documents and projects g) Sorts of felling (main, thinning, reconstructions and conversions, sanitary and restoration felling, others). 3.2.3.2. Structure of (gross) marked standing volume per diameter classes and years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests), presented according to: a) Openness of forest area; b) Purpose of forests and forest land; c) Origin of forests; d) Main forest development types and sylvicultural forms of stands; e) Groups of tree species. 3.2.3.3. Share of the felling sites (per area and volume),where marking of trees was done on modern principles of sylviculture/tending, presented per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests) 3.2.3.4. Share of the marked standing volume presented according to reasons for felling (sylvicultural, sanitary, other) on specified sample of harvesting sites, presented per years, at the level of MU (for state and private forests) 30
  31. 31. Sub-Criterion 3.3: Enhancement production functions of forests by increasing the realisedextent of utilization of wood products, along with improvement of technology, quality andefficiency of executing forest operations and by improving projecting, rationalising ofadministrative procedures and also by introducing automatic tracking of wood origin, inaccordance with environmental requirements, commercial possibilities and market needs,regulations, programs and special technical standardsSub-Sub-Criterion Indicator Source of verification3.3.1. Increasing the realised extent of 3.3.1.1. Proportion of (gross) realisation of harvesting and Forest Management Programsharvesting within the planned one, that is, within yield (allowable cut), per years of felling and in total, at (Annual and ten-year)the allowable extent, especially on the account of the level of MU (for state and private forests), presented Reports on implementation ofsylvicultural felling in recently opened forests according to: planning documentsand more intense sylvicultural felling in middle- a) Openness of forest area;aged stands of high and coppice forests b) Origin of forests; c) Groups of tree species; d) Sorts of felling.3.3.2. Increasing the level of utilization of felled 3.3.2.1. Proportion of marked (gross) and harvested (net) Reports on technical acceptance oftimber within the forest, especially on the standing volume per years of harvesting and in total, at felling sitesaccount of working out tiny and poorer quality the level of MU (for state and private forests) presented Annual Reports of FA and NPwood according to: a) Openness of forest area; Annual statistical reports b) Origin of forests; (MONSTAT) c) Groups of tree species; d) Sorts of felling.3.3.3. Improving the qualitative structure of 3.3.3.1. Structure of wood assortments including biomass, Reports on technical acceptance ofwood assortments, especially by performing as per the years of harvesting and in total, at the level of felling sitestheir more optimal tailoring, which is given a MU (for state and private forests), presented according Annual Reports of FA and NPspecial emphasis through education of personnel to: a) Openness of forest area; Annual statistical Reports b) Origin of forests; (MONSTAT) c) Main forest development types; 31

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