Regionalisation and Educational Policy


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David Vincent
EDEN Annual Conference, 2004, Budapest

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Regionalisation and Educational Policy

  1. 1. Regionalisation and Educational Policy <ul><li>David Vincent </li></ul>
  2. 2. (alternative title) Regions and the Death of Distance Learning <ul><li>David Vincent </li></ul>
  3. 3. Caution <ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Rose </li></ul><ul><li>(Gertrude Stein) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Caution <ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Region </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>Not </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Region </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>Not </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Region </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>Not </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Region </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>Not </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Region </li></ul><ul><li>(Anon) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Growth of Regional Policy <ul><li>Scottish Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>National Assembly for Wales </li></ul><ul><li>(The Northern Ireland Assembly) </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Development Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>(Elected Regional Assemblies) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Growth of Regional Higher Education Policy <ul><li>HECFE regional consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Higher Education Associations </li></ul><ul><li>AimHigher </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF2) </li></ul><ul><li>Sector Skills Councils </li></ul><ul><li>Learning and Skills Councils </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong Learning Networks </li></ul><ul><li>European Funding </li></ul>
  7. 7. Working With Regional Education Policy <ul><li>The Necessity of Funding </li></ul><ul><li>The Value of Joined-up Government </li></ul><ul><li>The Value of Joined-up Educational Provision </li></ul><ul><li>The Value of Local Responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>The Regional Structure of the Open University </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Regional Map of the Open University
  9. 9. The Regional Functions of The Open University <ul><li>3 Nation Regions </li></ul><ul><li>10 English Regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Directors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support Associate Lecturers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Range of Services to Students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Represent the University in Regional Fora and Partnerships </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Definitions <ul><li>Freesia iris family, bulb, fragrant trumpet-shaped white, yellow, purple or crimson flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Freezer A refrigerated cabinet or compartment in which to preserve food at a temperature below freezing point </li></ul><ul><li>Friesian A black and white cow </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Fresion A mnemonic word designating the fifth mood of the fourth syllogistic figure, in which a universal negative major premiss, and a particular affirmative minor yield a particular negative conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>FRESA Framework for Regional Employment and Skills Action </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Purpose of a FRESA <ul><li>Framework for Regional </li></ul><ul><li>Employment and Skills Action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide common evidence base for policy decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative action sensitive to local need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guiding the deployment of discretionary funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing a common set of targets for the region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting through governance disputes </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The East of England FRESA: The Mission <ul><li>East of England has 5.4m residents. </li></ul><ul><li>£73bn economy. 350,000 businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Workforce of 2.6m. Second highest </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per head in England. </li></ul><ul><li>In the East of England we believe in </li></ul><ul><li>joined up thinking and joined up action. </li></ul><ul><li>As it stands the many overlapping </li></ul><ul><li>initiatives and strategies on skills and </li></ul><ul><li>jobs risk confusing employers and </li></ul><ul><li>individuals alike. </li></ul><ul><li>The FRESA is clearly about a process </li></ul><ul><li>designed to facilitate better partnership </li></ul><ul><li>working over the years to come. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Skills and Employment Forum Members <ul><li>East of England Development Agency (EEDA) </li></ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Learning and Skills Councils </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation of British Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Government Office for the East of England </li></ul><ul><li>Hertfordshire Connexions Service </li></ul><ul><li>Jobcentre plus </li></ul><ul><li>Lantra </li></ul><ul><li>FE Sector </li></ul><ul><li>SERTUC Learning Services </li></ul><ul><li>Small Business Service </li></ul>
  15. 15. The East of England FRESA: The Priorities <ul><li>Analysis: </li></ul><ul><li>Full labour market analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Policy review of government agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of best practices </li></ul><ul><li>East of England Partnership Agreement on Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Compilation of views of partners </li></ul>
  16. 16. Top Priorities: Both urgent and important priority requiring greater action, co-ordination and funding <ul><li>Increasing participation in higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Response to redundancies </li></ul><ul><li>Skills for employability </li></ul><ul><li>Workforce development and in-work progression </li></ul><ul><li>Young people and career choices </li></ul><ul><li>Top Priorities – Protocol – Action Plan – Six Month Progress Report </li></ul>
  17. 17. The East of England FRESA: Higher Education: The Task <ul><li>Only by maximising the skills of </li></ul><ul><li>our whole labour force can we </li></ul><ul><li>ensure that our wealth-creating </li></ul><ul><li>businesses can compete successfully in </li></ul><ul><li>a global economy and our people have </li></ul><ul><li>the economic and social opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>for which they aspire. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Increasing participation in higher education <ul><li>The East of England has the lowest proportion of students studying in their home region </li></ul><ul><li>The East of England has a lower than average number of students in higher education per head of the population. This means employers have increased difficulty in recruiting graduates and higher level technicians. </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership for Progression Initiative. Aims to get 50% of 18-30 year olds into higher education by 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Against 50% target, current rate is 29%. </li></ul><ul><li>Target for 2010 is 39%. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The East of England FRESA: Higher Education: The Actions <ul><li>Association of Universities in the East </li></ul><ul><li>of England (AUEE) has convened a </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Strategy Group, preparing a </li></ul><ul><li>business plan to include activity aimed </li></ul><ul><li>at raising aspirations and achievements </li></ul><ul><li>of students in schools and colleges; </li></ul><ul><li>making HE more accessible in the </li></ul><ul><li>workplace; extending access to HE </li></ul><ul><li>provision in both HE, FE colleges and </li></ul><ul><li>other centres </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Raising aspirations, larger and socially more inclusive cohort. </li></ul><ul><li>More effective communication of range of options in HEIs. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of work-based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Building employers’ commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Widening reach of HE (into HE-less towns) </li></ul><ul><li>Research into retention </li></ul>
  21. 21. Enhancing Capacity <ul><li>The various networking arrangements are not adequate to deal with the scale / nature of this issue </li></ul><ul><li>Additional resources may be required, since HEI / research staff have other commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Increase funding required to inject some realism into plans. A holistic approach is required. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The region is a net exporter of graduates’ : towns without HEIs - Ipswich, Peterborough, Southend </li></ul>
  22. 22. Hyperventilation <ul><li>The Ambition: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ EEDA has a target of the East of England being one of the wealthiest 20 regions in Europe in 2010.’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Our target is to make Birmingham the most attractive city in Europe in which to live and work.’ (Advantage West Midlands) </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Crisis: <ul><li>Despite the amount of world-class </li></ul><ul><li>businesses based in the East of </li></ul><ul><li>England and with overall low </li></ul><ul><li>unemployment, there are still </li></ul><ul><li>pockets of severe unemployment. </li></ul><ul><li>eg Great Yarmouth (4.7% </li></ul><ul><li>claimants August 2002) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Artificiality <ul><li>East Midlands Low skill to high skill </li></ul><ul><li> economy </li></ul><ul><li>London Action planning as </li></ul><ul><li>sum of other action </li></ul><ul><li>plans. 7 flagship </li></ul><ul><li>programmes and 5 </li></ul><ul><li>strategic objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for </li></ul><ul><li> skills training </li></ul><ul><li>North East Increase Demand for </li></ul><ul><li>Skills, </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Delivery of </li></ul><ul><li> Basic Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Level 3 </li></ul><ul><li> Completion </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>North West Action at sub-regional </li></ul><ul><li> level, led by local Learning and Skills </li></ul><ul><li> Councils (LSEs). Link </li></ul><ul><li>business support </li></ul><ul><li> with skill provision. </li></ul><ul><li> Emphasis on Workforce </li></ul><ul><li> Development </li></ul><ul><li>South-East Promote skills, </li></ul><ul><li> increase productivity </li></ul><ul><li>South-West Workforce development. Raising Standards of Basic Skills </li></ul><ul><li>West Midlands Up-skilling </li></ul><ul><li>Yorks and Humber Increase demand for </li></ul><ul><li>learning and skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Retention </li></ul>
  26. 26. Accountability <ul><li>The possibility of regional assemblies </li></ul><ul><li>The reality of regional quangos </li></ul>
  27. 27. Scale <ul><li>The Essence of the Open </li></ul><ul><li>University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High Quality, Supported Distance Learning, At Scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Only National University in the United Kingdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>155,000 undergraduates. Largest University in the UK </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. The Dilemmas of the Open University <ul><li>The impossibility of 13 Universities </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of Scottish and Welsh Devolution </li></ul><ul><li>Top-up Fees and Local Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Assurance and Local Regimes </li></ul><ul><li>Progression and Local Alliances </li></ul>
  29. 29. Community <ul><li>The Variable Geometry of Distance Learning </li></ul><ul><li>The Global and the Local </li></ul><ul><li>Motionless Mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Histories </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Communities </li></ul>
  30. 30. A Future Beyond the Regions <ul><li>The National Alliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn Direct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Extension College </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City and Guilds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trades Union Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers Education Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Health Service University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other national companies and organisations </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. The National Education Grid <ul><ul><li>Qualifications Consortium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affiliate FE Colleges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum in Threatened Disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum in New Disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Service for Disabled. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National e-Learning Platform </li></ul></ul>