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Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
Cognitive Process In Adolescent
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Cognitive Process In Adolescent

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  • 1. Chapter 15: Cognitive Processes in Adolescents
    • 15.1 Cognition
    • 15.2 Reasoning About Moral Issues
    • 15.3 The World of Work
  • 2. 15.1 Cognition
    • Piaget’s Stage of Formal Operational Reasoning
    • Information Processing During Adolescence
  • 3. Piaget’s Stage of Formal Operational Reasoning
    • Begins at about 11 and continues through adulthood
    • Children now able to think hypothetically and abstractly
    • Can use deductive reasoning
    • Beliefs can interfere with reasoning
    15.1 Cognition
  • 4. Ratings of Validity of Studies
  • 5. Information Processing During Adolescence
    • Capacity of working memory and speed of processing reach adult levels
    • Acquire adultlike levels of knowledge and understanding in many areas
    • Adolescents are quite skilled at choosing strategies and monitoring effectiveness
    15.1 Cognition
  • 6. 15.2 Reasoning About Moral Issues
    • Kohlberg’s Theory
    • Beyond Kohlberg’s Theory: Gilligan’s Ethic of Caring
    • Promoting Moral Reasoning
  • 7. Kohlberg’s Theory
    • 3 levels of moral reasoning beginning with obedience to authority and ending with decisions based on moral principles
    • Support for the theory: people progress through the stages in sequence and moral reasoning is linked to moral behavior
    • Cross-cultural evidence is inconsistent
    15.2 Reasoning About Moral Issues
  • 8. Beyond Kohlberg’s Theory: Gilligan’s Ethic of Caring
    • Gilligan: caring is important than justice and becomes more sophisticated
    • Justice and care both serve as a basis for moral reasoning depending on the nature of the moral problem
    15.2 Reasoning About Moral Issues
  • 9. Promoting Moral Reasoning
    • Discussions about moral issues and exposure to higher levels of reasoning
    • Just Communities foster discussion and provide exposure to higher levels of reasoning
    15.2 Reasoning About Moral Issues
  • 10. 15.3 The World of Work
    • Career Development
    • Part-Time Employment
  • 11. Career Development
    • Super’s theory: identity is primary force in career choice
    • Teens go through stages of crystallization, specification, and implementation when choosing a career
    • Holland’s theory: 6 personality types are basis for finding fulfilling jobs or careers
    15.3 The World of Work
  • 12. Part-Time Employment
    • Majority of high school seniors work part-time
    • Fairly recent development (since 1970s and unique to U.S.)
    • Negative effects: school performance suffers, mental health and behavioral problems, and misleading affluence
    15.3 The World of Work

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