COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

  1. 1. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
  2. 2. EXCEPTIONAL DEVELOPMENT; GIFTEDNESS, MENTAL RETARDATION, DEVELOPMENT PERVASIVE DISORDERS, AUTISM; ASPERGER’S SYNDROME, DOWN SYNDROME.
  3. 3. • Exceptional development in children can be seen in both the intellectually gifted and those with intellectual deficits. Classified as intellectual deficits are the following: Turner syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome, Pervasive Developmental disorders, Autistic disorder, and Asperger’s Syndrome.
  4. 4. A. INTELLECTUAL GIFTED One who has exceptional intellectual capabilities have cropped up among almost everyone in particular those involved in developmental studies.
  5. 5. Terman (1954 as cited by Hetherington 2006) -one of the earliest leaders in the study of the gifted child, bright children are usually far ahead of their age-mates, not just intellectually, but socially and physically as well.
  6. 6. B. CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL DEFICTS 1. TURNER SYNDROME a chromosome abnormality found in females in which secondary sex characteristics are developed only with the administration of female hormones. Any abnormality in the internal reproductive organs cause permanent sterility.
  7. 7. 2. KLINEFELTER’S SYNDROME a form of chromosome abnormality characterized like breast development and rounded broad, hipped figure.
  8. 8. 3. PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS a collection of disorders characterized by gross deficits in many areas of cognitive, emotional, and social development. SCHIZOPHRENIA a serious disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and other kinds of thought disorders.
  9. 9. 4. AUTISTIC DISODER is characterized by the inability of the children to communicate and interact socially. These features include: a. Extreme autistic aloneness. an autistic is a loner. He expresses lack of interest in other people.
  10. 10. b. Language abnormalities. Rather than engage in conversation, the autistic tends to repeat the words rather than reply, answer or engage in conversation. c. Repetitive behaviors. An autistic extends concentration on something and preserves the sameness of the environment.
  11. 11. 5. ASPERGER’S SYNDROME a mild form of autism since people with this syndrome manifest a higher mental functinong. ECHOLIA a form of autism where the autistic repeats what is said by another rather than respond to a question. It is usually a word for word repetition.
  12. 12. DOWN SYNDROME -characterized by a distinct physical appearance, and physical and mental retardation. -mental retardation can be moderate to severe.
  13. 13. Thank you 

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