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1 Spain   Historic Background
 

1 Spain Historic Background

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    1 Spain   Historic Background 1 Spain Historic Background Presentation Transcript

    • Exam
      • 1 essay from 2 in 45 minutes
      • Recall, select and use historical knowledge accurately, relevantly and effectively.
      • Show understanding of appropriate concepts
      • Judgement backed up with factual evidence
      • Explain and assess views of historical events.
    • ashistoryspain.blogspot.com
    • Spain today
    • Iberian Peninsula
    • Pyrenees Atlantic Mediterranean
      • Iberian Peninsula single political unit under the Romans – Roman Hispania
      • During the period became Christianised
      • 8 th Century – Muslim invasion from North Africa
      • 10 th Century – Christians recaptured part of Northern Spain
      • Reconquest moved south
      • End of 13 th Century only Granada controlled by Muslims
    • Roman Hispania Muslims Christians
      • Peninsula became a series of Kingdoms
      • Portugal became an independent Kingdom
      • Catalonia, Aragon and Valencia became known as the Crown of Aragon
      • Reconquest continued by Aragon into the Mediterranean to include Majorca and all the Balearic Islands
      • Over next two centuries Sicily, Sardina and Naples
    •  
    •  
    • Religion
      • By 15 th Century – mainly Christianity – however large communities of Jews/Muslims
      • Co-exists to survive – during peace – trade/marry etc
      • Relationship changed after Christian victories – persecution – pogroms – forced conversion
    • The Growth of Empire – Spain as a great power
      • 15 th Century
      • Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile in 1469
      • Brought most of the peninsula under same rulers
      • Further marriages extended the Spanish Empire (not the Holy Roman Empire – collection of hundreds of states in land which makes up Germany and beyond today)
      • 1496 two marriages – two children of Ferninand and Isabella to children of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian.
      • Maximilian head of the Habsburg family
      • Little power despite title
      • Marriages = land = power
    • Spanish Monarchs
      • Ferdinand and Isabella 1479-1516
      • Charles I – 1516-1556 (Charles V Holy Roman Emperor)
      • Split Kingdom between Philip II his son and Holy Roman Empire to his brother Ferdinand
      • Philip II – 1556-1598
      • Philip III – 1598-1621
    •  
    • Timeline Race
      • Birth of Philip II
      • Death of Philip II
      • Date became King
      • Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis – ends Valois-Habsburg War
      • Spanish Armada
      • First Bankruptcy
      • Start of the Dutch Revolt
      • First Marriage to Infanta Maria of Portugal
      • Victory at Lepanto
      • Marriage to Mary Tudor
      • Abdication of Charles I
      • Second unofficial bankruptcy
      • Aragonese Rebellion
      • Second official bankruptcy
      • Third Bankruptcy
      • Birth of eldest Son - Don Carlos
      • Moriscos Revolt
      • Invades Portugal and claims the throne
      • End of War with France – Treaty of Vervins
      • End of War with England – Treaty of London