1 Spain Historic Background


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1 Spain Historic Background

  1. 1. Exam <ul><li>1 essay from 2 in 45 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Recall, select and use historical knowledge accurately, relevantly and effectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Show understanding of appropriate concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Judgement backed up with factual evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Explain and assess views of historical events. </li></ul>
  2. 2. ashistoryspain.blogspot.com
  3. 3. Spain today
  4. 4. Iberian Peninsula
  5. 5. Pyrenees Atlantic Mediterranean
  6. 6. <ul><li>Iberian Peninsula single political unit under the Romans – Roman Hispania </li></ul><ul><li>During the period became Christianised </li></ul><ul><li>8 th Century – Muslim invasion from North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>10 th Century – Christians recaptured part of Northern Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Reconquest moved south </li></ul><ul><li>End of 13 th Century only Granada controlled by Muslims </li></ul>
  7. 7. Roman Hispania Muslims Christians
  8. 8. <ul><li>Peninsula became a series of Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal became an independent Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Catalonia, Aragon and Valencia became known as the Crown of Aragon </li></ul><ul><li>Reconquest continued by Aragon into the Mediterranean to include Majorca and all the Balearic Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Over next two centuries Sicily, Sardina and Naples </li></ul>
  9. 11. Religion <ul><li>By 15 th Century – mainly Christianity – however large communities of Jews/Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Co-exists to survive – during peace – trade/marry etc </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship changed after Christian victories – persecution – pogroms – forced conversion </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Growth of Empire – Spain as a great power <ul><li>15 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile in 1469 </li></ul><ul><li>Brought most of the peninsula under same rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Further marriages extended the Spanish Empire (not the Holy Roman Empire – collection of hundreds of states in land which makes up Germany and beyond today) </li></ul><ul><li>1496 two marriages – two children of Ferninand and Isabella to children of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Maximilian head of the Habsburg family </li></ul><ul><li>Little power despite title </li></ul><ul><li>Marriages = land = power </li></ul>
  12. 14. Spanish Monarchs <ul><li>Ferdinand and Isabella 1479-1516 </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I – 1516-1556 (Charles V Holy Roman Emperor) </li></ul><ul><li>Split Kingdom between Philip II his son and Holy Roman Empire to his brother Ferdinand </li></ul><ul><li>Philip II – 1556-1598 </li></ul><ul><li>Philip III – 1598-1621 </li></ul>
  13. 16. Timeline Race <ul><li>Birth of Philip II </li></ul><ul><li>Death of Philip II </li></ul><ul><li>Date became King </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis – ends Valois-Habsburg War </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Armada </li></ul><ul><li>First Bankruptcy </li></ul><ul><li>Start of the Dutch Revolt </li></ul><ul><li>First Marriage to Infanta Maria of Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Victory at Lepanto </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage to Mary Tudor </li></ul><ul><li>Abdication of Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Second unofficial bankruptcy </li></ul><ul><li>Aragonese Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Second official bankruptcy </li></ul><ul><li>Third Bankruptcy </li></ul><ul><li>Birth of eldest Son - Don Carlos </li></ul><ul><li>Moriscos Revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Invades Portugal and claims the throne </li></ul><ul><li>End of War with France – Treaty of Vervins </li></ul><ul><li>End of War with England – Treaty of London </li></ul>
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