ATLAS OF HISTORY ACTITIVIES
FROM THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES TO THE MODERN ERA
a. THE SPREAD OF ISLAM
i. What lands did the Muslims conquer before the end of the 7th
ii. Where and when did the spread of Islam stop in Western Europe? And
in the East?
b. THE CALIPHATE OF CORDOBA IN THE 10th
i. What were the physical borders from the Caliphate of Cordoba?
ii. Where did Abd al-Rahman III reach?
iii. How far did Al-Mansur reach?
c. THE MAIN TAIFA KINGDOMS IN THE 11th
i. Make a list of the Christian kingdoms.
ii. Make a list of the names of the taifa kingdoms.
iii. What is the unpopulated area?
d. FEUDAL EUROPE
i. What group of people threatened Western Europe? Where did they
ii. What Christian empire dominated Europe between the 9th
and the 10th
e. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEDIEVAL CITIES AND TRADE ROUTES
i. Name or list the main maritime routes and the two European
industrial and commercial hubs.
ii. What products could be found in ports in the Netherlands? Research
iii. Find information about the Hanseatic League
f. THE MAIN EUROPEAN KINGDOMS IN THE 14th
i. What were the main kingdoms in Western Europe at the start of the
ii. Try to identify those using current European countries.
iii. Find information about the Holy Roman Empire.
g. THE RECONQUEST
i. Why was the Battle of Navas de Tolosa so important? When did it take
ii. What were Fernando III’s main conquests? Name Alfonso X’s conquest
iii. What territories on the Iberian Peninsula were in the hands of Muslim
kings at the end of the 13th
h. THE MESTA AND THE TRADE ROUTES IN CASTILLA
i. Describe the routes that the shepherds followed.
ii. Explain the Mesta
iii. Describe the journey of the merino wool
i. THE EXPANSION OF THE CROWN OF ARAGON
i. What were the main economic activities in the Crown of Aragon?
ii. Explain the main maritime routes drawn on the map.
iii. Explain the military mission set up by the Crown of Aragon.
j. THE TERRITORIAL EXPANSION OF THE CATHOLIC MONARCHS
i. What were the territories conquered in the Peninsula? When did
these conquests happen?
ii. Did they conquer any other European territories? When did it take
iii. Did they gain any other region in the African continent?
l. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA
i. Name the Spanish and the Portuguese claimed areas
ii. What were the territories conquered by Christopher Columbus in his
first voyage? When did it take place?
iii. What was the great achievement of Magellan and Elcano? When did it
take place? Describe the journey
iv. Find information about Pope Alexander VI mentioned above.
k. THE EXPANSION OF THE REFORMATION
i. Where did the Reform start? Who started it?
ii. What countries joined this Reform?
iii. Did other countries react?
m. THE DOMINIONS OF THE HOUSE OF HASBURG
i. Name the countries that Phillip II inherited from his father Charles V in the European
ii. Were they still dominating the Mediterranean Sea? Why?
iii. In your opinion, what would be the main problems they had to face?